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Table 5 Multiple logistic regression with crude and adjusted analysis of outcomes (perinatal risk and quality of care) according to group of age and ethnicity

From: Pregnancy and childbirth outcomes among indigenous adolescents in Guatemala: a cohort study

Groups Outcomes (perinatal risk)
Eclampsia Preeclampsia 3rd trimester/postpartum hemorrhage Gestational age at birth (< 37 week) Low birth weight (< 2500 g)
OR crude (95% CI) OR adjusted (95% CI) OR crude (95% CI) OR adjusted (95% CI) OR crude (95% CI) OR adjusted (95% CI) OR crude (95% CI) OR adjusted (95% CI) OR crude (95% CI) OR adjusted (95% CI)
Indigenous adolescent 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Nonindigenous adolescent 1.01 (0.25–4.04) 0.95 (0.23–3.89) 1.15 (0.42–3.19) 1.18 (0.43–3.28) 1.18 (0.68–2.06) 1.21 (0.69–2.11) 1.28 (0.91–1.79) 1.28 (0.91–1.79) 1.42 (1.09–1.85) 1.44 (1.10–1.87)
Indigenous adult women 0.31 (0.08–1.15) 0.42 (0.11–1.68) 1.45 (0.65–3.24) 1.76 (0.77–4.04) 1.09 (0.70–1.71) 0.98 (0.61–1.58) 1.00 (0.76–1.33) 0.97 (0.73–1.30) 1.00 (0.80–1.25) 0.99 (0.79–1.25)
Nonindigenous adult women 0.66 (0.21–2.11) 1.06 (0.31–3.65) 1.79 (0.81–3.98) 2.22 (0.97–5.06) 1.15 (0.74–1.81) 1.05 (0.65–1.70) 1.19 (0.90–1.57) 1.17 (0.87–1.56) 1.07 (0.86–1.34) 1.09 (0.87–1.38)
Groups Outcomes (quality of care)
Mode of birth (cesarean) Labor augmentation Episiotomy Local anesthesia Postpartum oxytocin Analgesia
OR crude (95% CI) OR adjusted (95% CI) OR crude (95% CI) OR adjusted (95% CI) OR crude (95% CI) OR adjusted (95% CI) OR crude (95% CI) OR adjusted (95% CI) OR crude (95% CI) OR adjusted (95% CI) OR crude (95% CI) OR adjusted (95% CI)
Indigenous adolescent 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Nonindigenous adolescent 1.07 (0.88–1.30) 1.04 (0.86–1.27) 1.17 (0.96–1.42) 1.12 (0.92–1.36) 0.86 (0.68–1.08) 0.82 (0.65–1.04) 0.88 (0.66–1.17) 0.87 (0.66–1.17) 0.85 (0.69–1.04) 0.86 (0.70–1.05) 1.18 (0.89–1.56) 1.14 (0.86–1.51)
Indigenous adult women 1.24 (1.07–1.45) 1.47 (1.25–1.73) 0.94 (0.81–1.10) 0.96 (0.82–1.13) 0.33 (0.27–0.41) 0.60 (0.49–0.74) 0.37 (0.29–0.47) 0.59 (0.46–0.76) 0.98 (0.83–1.15) 0.99 (0.84–1.18) 0.90 (0.72–1.14) 0.98 (0.77–1.24)
Nonindigenous adult women 1.20 (1.03–1.40) 1.39 (1.18–1.64) 1.22 (1.04–1.42) 1.17 (0.99–1.38) 0.32 (0.26–0.39) 0.56 (0.45–0.70) 0.48 (0.38–0.61) 0.77 (0.60–0.99) 0.74 (0.63–0.86) 0.76 (0.64–0.90) 1.32 (1.05–1.65) 1.36 (1.07–1.73)
  1. Statistically significant values are in bold
  2. Model adjusted by variables: education (none, primary, secondary, university), marital status (with partner or married, without partner, other), previous pregnancy (0, 1–2, ≥ 3), planned pregnancy (yes or no) and use previous contraceptive method (yes or no)