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Table 3 Individual characteristics of the participants

From: Personal beliefs and social norms regarding the sexual exploitation of girls in age-disparate transactional sexual relationships in Brazil: a mixed-methods study

Characteristic Total n (%) NH B/CM p-value
Gender     0.34
 Female 220 (53.4) 145 (51.8) 75 (56.8)  
 Male 192 (46.6) 135 (48.2) 57 (43.2)  
Age group      < 0.001
 Adolescent (15–17 years) 129 (31.3) 109 (38.9) 20 (15.1)  
 Young adult (18–29 years) 169 (41.0) 115 (41.1) 54 (40.9)  
 Adult (30–44 years) 63 (15.3) 30 (10.7) 33 (25.0)  
 Middle-aged adult (24–59 years) 40 (9.7) 23 (8.2) 17 (12.9)  
 Seniors (≥ 60 years) 11 (2.7) 3 (1.1) 8 (6.1)  
Status in the home in relation to head of household      < 0.001
 Head of household (HOH) 159 (38.6) 79 (28.2) 80 (60.6)  
 Partner 32 (7.8) 27 (9.6) 5 (3.8)  
 Child or step-child 183 (44.4) 140 (50.0) 43 (32.6)  
 Parent or parent-in-law 6 (1.5) 6 (2.1) 0  
 Grandchild or great-grandchild 18 (4.4) 16 (5.7) 2 (1.5)  
 Sibling 5 (1.2) 5 (1.8) 0  
 Other relative 9 (2.2) 7 (2.5) 2 (1.5)  
Educational attainment      < 0.001
 No formal education 5 (1.2) 5 (1.8) 0  
 Complete elementary school 23 (5.6) 16 (5.7) 7 95.3)  
 Incomplete middle school 97 (23.5) 76 (27.1) 21 (15.9)  
 Complete middle school 65 (15.8) 50 (17.9) 15 (11.4)  
 Incomplete high school 100 (24.3) 69 (24.6) 31 (23.5)  
 Complete high school 72 (17.5) 38 (13.6) 34 (25.8)  
 Higher level education 1 (0.24) 0 1 (0.8)  
Currently studying     0.04
 Yes 147 (35.7) 109 (38.9) 38 (28.8)  
 No 265 (64.32) 171 (61.1) 94 (71.2)  
Economically active during the last month      < 0.001
 Yes 160 (38.8) 89 (31.8) 71 (53.8)  
 No 241 (58.5) 180 (64.3) 61 (46.2)  
 Never worked 11 (2.7) 11 (3.9) 0  
Religion     0.02
 Catholic 111 (26.9) 72 (25.7) 39 (29.5)  
 Protestant, Pentecostal, or Evangelical 153 (37.1) 97 (34.6) 56 (42.4)  
 Spiritism or Kardecist 4 (1.0) 3 (1.1) 1 (0.8)  
 Umbanda or Candomblé (African origin) 9 (2.2) 3 (1.1) 6 (4.6)  
 No religion 134 (32.5) 104 (37.1) 30 (22.7)  
 Unanswered 1 (0.2) 1 (0.4) 0  
Importance of religious beliefs     0.02
 Very important 131 (31.8) 77 (27.5) 54 (40.9)  
 Important 114 (27.7) 75 (26.8) 39 (29.6)  
 A little important 24 (5.8) 16 (5.7) 8 (6.1)  
 Not important 5 (1.2) 5 (1.8) 0  
 Unanswered 7 (1.7) 6 (2.1) 1 (0.8)  
 Not applicable 131 (31.8) 101 (36.1) 30 (22.7)