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Table 3 Binomial Logistic Regression analysis of risky sexual behaviour and HIV testing among young people in Ghana

From: Risky sexual behaviours and HIV testing among young people in Ghana: evidence from the 2017/2018 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey

Characteristic Young women
AOR (95% CI)
Young men
AOR (95% CI)
Age (years)
15–19 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
20–24 2.19 (1.56–3.07)* 3.38 (1.18–9.64)*
Educational status
Pre-primary or no education 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
Primary 1.44 (0.71–2.93) 0.27 (0.03–1.91)
Junior high 2.03 (1.08–3.81)* 0.50 (0.10–2.35)
Senior high 2.04 (1.06–3.91)* 1.82 (0.42–7.75)
Higher 3.89 (1.65–9.13)* 6.65 (0.42–7.75)*
Marital status
Currently married/in union 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
Formerly married/in union 1.49 (0.69–3.20) 2.03 (0.24–16.89)
Never married/in union 0.39 (0.27–0.56)* 0.67 (0.27–1.64)
Wealth index
Poorest 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
Second 1.05 (0.65–1.70) 0.50 (0.15–1.67)
Middle 1.13 (0.65–1.97) 1.32 (0.44–3.92)
Fourth 1.73 (0.96–3.13) 0.76 (0.17–3.42)
Richest 1.10 (0.59–2.07) 0.55 (0.11–2.81)
Area of residence
Urban 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
Rural 1.08 (0.78–1.50) 1.39 (0.64–3.03)
Region
Western 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
Central 0.72 (0.43–1.21) 6.55 (1.72–24.99)*
Greater Accra 0.80 (0.46–1.40) 3.29 (0.77–13.89)
Volta 0.70 (0.39–1.26) 4.48 (1.22–16.41)*
Eastern 0.76 (0.42–1.36) 2.42 (0.62–9.40)
Ashanti 0.65 (0.39–1.09) 0.39 (0.10–1.53)
Brong-Ahafo 1.13 (0.64–1.97) 1.18 (0.27–5.13)
Northern 0.52 (0.29–0.92)* 0.72 (0.18–2.79)
Upper East 0.66 (0.35–1.27) 1.29 (0.20–8.19)
Upper West 0.71 (0.39–1.30) 0.51 (0.09–2.72)
Frequency of reading newspaper
Not at all 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
Less than once a week 1.20 (0.74–1.97) 1.92 (0.66–5.59)
At least once a week 1.21 (0.59–2.46) 4.01 (1.18–13.60)*
Almost everyday 1.74 (0.48–6.26) 2.57 (0.67–9.88)
Frequency of listening to the radio
Not at all 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
Less than once a week 0.63 (0.42–0.97)* 3.44 (0.92–12.85)
At least once a week 0.82 (0.56–1.21) 2.21 (0.59–8.23)
Almost everyday 1.17 (0.81–1.67) 2.22 (0.68–7.24)
Frequency of watching television
Not at all 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
Less than once a week 0.75 (0.44–1.28) 0.72 (0.23–2.30)
At least once a week 0.90 (0.57–1.42) 0.44 (0.15–1.28)
Almost everyday 1.17 (0.77–1.78) 0.48 (0.16–1.38)
Age at first sexual intercourse
8–14 years (Early sexual debut) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
15–24 years (Late sexual debut) 0.80 (0.54–1.20) 1.73 (0.56–5.36)
Condom used at last sexual intercourse
Yes 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
No 1.17 (0.80–1.69) 0.69 (0.33–1.43)
Multiple sexual partners
Yes 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
No 0.99 (0.54–1.81) 1.29 (0.57–2.94)
  1. *p-value < 0.05