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Table 3 Mean differences in age of sexual debut and number of sexual partners based on social environment

From: Impact of social environment on sexual behaviors of adolescent girls in 12 sub-Saharan African countries: a cross-sectional study

Country Social environment Age of sex debut T-test
(p-value)
Sexual partners T-test
(p-value)
    Mean (95% CI)   Mean (95% CI)  
Botswana Parental monitoring Monitored 14.16 (13.66–14.65) 0.426 1.88 (1.37–2.38) 0.197
Not monitored 14.37 (13.74–14.99) 2.25 (1.86–2.65)
Parental connectedness Connected 14.14 (13.63–14.66) 0.405 1.92 (1.51–2.33) 0.235
Not connected 14.40 (13.71–15.08) 2.38 (1.66–3.10)
Perceived peer support Supported 14.27 (13.76–14.78) 0.730 2.02 (1.64–2.41) 0.757
Not supported 14.16 (13.41–14.91) 2.11 (1.46–2.76)
Ghana Parental monitoring Monitored 12.96 (12.73–13.99) 0.145 2.66 (2.37–2.95) 0.753
Not monitored 12.74 (12.50–12.97) 2.61 (2.41–2.80)
Parental connectedness Connected 12.91 (12.70–13.12) 0.307 2.54 (2.31–2.78) 0.157
Not connected 12.76 (12.50–13.01) 2.75 (2.51–2.99)
Perceived peer support Supported 12.93 (12.72–13.13) 0.265 2.70 (2.48–2.93) 0.172
Not supported 12.77 (12.49–13.05) 2.46 (2.16–2.77)
Kenya Parental monitoring Monitored 12.55 (12.22–12.88) 0.579
Not monitored 12.73 (12.22–13.24)
Parental connectedness Connected 12.61 (12.30–12.91) 0.447
Not connected 12.45 (12.09–12.81)
Perceived peer support Supported 12.48 (12.23–12.74) 0.306
Not supported 12.82 (12.20–13.44)
Mauritania Parental monitoring Monitored 12.83 (12.35–13.31) 0.736 2.66 (2.23–3.09) 0.264
Not monitored 12.93 (12.04–13.83) 2.23 (1.48–2.98)
Parental connectedness Connected 13.14 (12.62–13.66) 0.235 2.73 (2.27–3.19) 0.093
Not connected 12.60 (11.64–13.57) 2.21 (1.61–2.81)
Perceived peer support Supported 13.15 (12.54–13.77) 0.10 2.47 (2.02–2.92) 0.417
Not supported 12.52 (11.68–13.38) 2.33 (1.81–2.85)
Mozambique Parental monitoring Monitored 14.40 (13.79–15.01) 0.673 1.56 (1.39–1.73) 0.289
Not monitored 14.27 (13.84–14.70) 1.67 (1.47–1.86)
Parental connectedness Connected 14.50 (14.05–14.95) 0.218 1.61 (1.44–1.79) 0.987
Not connected 14.07 (13.36–14.79) 1.61 (1.41–1.82)
Perceived peer support Supported 14.28 (13.81–14.75) 0.484 1.67 (1.43–1.91) 0.313
Not supported 14.51 (13.91–15.12) 1.54 (1.39–1.68)
Namibia Parental monitoring Monitored 14.65 (14.45–14.85) 0.186 2.20 (2.06–2.34) 0.470
Not monitored 14.48 (14.22–14.73) 2.31 (2.03–2.60)
Parental connectedness Connected 14.65 (14.44–14.85) 0.321 2.14 (1.97–2.31) 0.084
Not connected 14.48 (14.18–14.78) 2.43 (2.16–2.70)
Perceived peer support Supported 14.75 (14.53–14.96) 0.001 2.16 (1.99–2.33) 0.108
Not supported 14.14 (13.86–14.41) 2.46 (2.14–2.79)
Senegal Parental monitoring Monitored 13.08 (12.37–13.79) 0.687 1.68 (1.38–1.99) 0.373
Not monitored 13.22 (12.29–14.15) 2.15 (1.02–3.28)
Parental connectedness Connected 13.74 (12.74–14.73) 0.031 1.66 (1.38–1.94) 0.343
Not connected 12.70 (12.00–13.39) 2.03 (1.25–2.81)
Perceived peer support Supported 12.99 (12.43–13.55) 0.499 1.78 (1.66–1.90 0.472
Not supported 13.38 (12.03–14.73) 2.01 (1.11–2.91)
Seychelles Parental monitoring Monitored 13.35 (13.09–13.60 0.007 2.35 (2.11–2.59) 0.01
Not monitored 12.90 (12.63–13.16) 2.84 (2.50–3.18)
Parental connectedness Connected 13.16 (12.88–13.43) 0.751 2.42 (2.14–2.71) 0.107
Not connected 13.11 (12.88–13.34) 2.73 (2.43–3.04)
Perceived peer support Supported 13.22 (12.95–13.49) 0.292 2.50 (2.27–2.73) 0.439
Not supported 13.06 (12.82–13.30) 2.65 (2.28–3.03)
Swaziland Parental monitoring Monitored 13.12 (12.86–13.39) 0.702 2.13 (1.90–2.37) 0.458
Not monitored 13.05 (12.77–13.33) 1.97 (1.63–2.31)
Parental connectedness Connected 13.10 (12.86–13.34) 0.672 2.13 (1.83–2.44) 0.945
Not connected 13.17 (12.93–13.41) 2.11 (1.73–2.50)
Perceived peer support Supported 13.14 (12.92–13.36) 0.465 1.93 (1.76–2.10) 0.044
Not supported 13.00 (12.66–13.34) 2.38 (2.00–2.76)
Tanzania Parental monitoring Monitored 12.93 (12.22–13.65) 0.013 1.84 (1.40–2.28) 0.765
  Not monitored 11.97 (11.58–12.36) 1.92 (1.54–2.30)
  Parental connectedness Connected 12.31 (11.67–12.94) 0.942 1.94 (1.45–2.44) 1.00
  Not connected 12.28 (11.70–12.87) 1.94 (1.53–2.35)
  Perceived peer support Supported 11.88 (11.34–12.42) 0.039 1.96 (1.53–2.40) 0.393
  Not supported 12.61 (12.01–13.22) 1.79 (1.51–2.07)
Uganda Parental monitoring Monitored 14.01 (13.56–14.47) 0.026 2.16 (1.80–2.51) 0.258
Not monitored 13.43 (12.99–13.87) 1.92 (1.53–2.30)
Parental connectedness Connected 14.05 (13.51–14.59) 0.070 2.00 (1.61–2.39) 0.350
Not connected 13.49 (13.06–13.93) 2.22 (1.79–2.64)
Perceived peer support Supported 13.98 (13.44–14.52) 0.139 2.11 (1.75–2.46) 0.941
Not supported 13.55 (13.26–13.85) 2.13 (1.59–2.67)
Zambia Parental monitoring Monitored 12.88 (12.46–13.31) 0.509 2.79 (2.20–3.38) 0.466
Not monitored 13.04 (12.49–13.58) 2.48 (1.91–3.04)
Parental connectedness Connected 13.13 (12.71–13.54) 0.182 2.72 (2.28–3.15) 0.982
Not connected 12.73 (12.11–13.34) 2.72 (2.08–3.36)
Perceived peer support Supported 13.09 (12.62–13.55) 0.152 2.96 (2.34–3.57) 0.225
Not supported 12.65 (12.08–13.21) 2.38 (1.82–2.95)
All countries Parental
monitoring
Monitored 13.28 (13.08–13.48) 0.135 2.19 (2.05–2.33) 0.490
Not monitored 13.10 (12.89–13.31) 2.13 (2.00–2.26)
Parental connectedness Connected 13.34 (13.16–13.52) 0.002 2.14 (2.01–2.26) 0.426
Not connected 12.99 (12.76–13.22) 2.21 (2.06–2.37)
Perceived peer support Supported 13.20 (13.03–13.37) 0.674 2.23 (2.14–2.36) 0.015
Not supported 13.25 (13.00–13.50) 2.03 (1.89–2.17)
  1. No data; Boldface—significant at < 0.05