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  1. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health gained particular traction in Mozambique following the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development leading to the inception of Programa Geração Biz (PG...

    Authors: Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Susannah Gibbs, Rita Badiani, Fernandes Quinhas and Joar Svanemyr

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:12

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. A recent survey of 79 countries showed that fertility knowledge was lower in Japan than in any other developed country. Given the fertility decline in Japan and the importance of fertility knowledge, we conduc...

    Authors: Eri Maeda, Hiroki Sugimori, Fumiaki Nakamura, Yasuki Kobayashi, Joseph Green, Machi Suka, Masako Okamoto, Jacky Boivin and Hidekazu Saito

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:10

    Content type: Research

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  3. In February 2014, an international congress on Promoting Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH) took place in Cuenca, Ecuador. Its objective was to share evidence on effective ASRH intervention proje...

    Authors: Kathya Córdova Pozo, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Peter Decat, Erica Nelson, Sara De Meyer, Lina Jaruseviciene, Bernardo Vega, Zoyla Segura, Nancy Auquilla, Arnold Hagens, Dirk Van Braeckel and Kristien Michielsen

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:11

    Content type: Commentary

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  4. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance (IR), metabolic syndrome (MetS), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Metabolic aspe...

    Authors: Avin S Jamil, Shahla K Alalaf, Namir G Al-Tawil and Talha Al-Shawaf

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:7

    Content type: Research

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  5. Asymptomatic and symptomatic malaria during pregnancy has consequences for both mother and her offspring. Unfortunately, there is insufficient information on the safety and efficacy of most antimalarials in pr...

    Authors: Michael Nambozi, Modest Mulenga, Tinto Halidou, Harry Tagbor, Victor Mwapasa, Linda Kalilani Phiri, Gertrude Kalanda, Innocent Valea, Maminata Traore, David Mwakazanga, Yves Claeys, Céline Schurmans, Maaike De Crop, Joris Menten, Raffaella Ravinetto, Kamala Thriemer…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:5

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  6. More needs to be known about the role intra-familial power dynamics play in women’s reproductive health outcomes, particularly in societies like Northern India characterized by patriarchy and extended families...

    Authors: Ilene S Speizer, Peter Lance, Ravi Verma and Aimee Benson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:4

    Content type: Research

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  7. Birth defects (BD) constitute an important public health issue as they are the main cause of infant death. Their prevalence in Europe for 2008–2012 was 25.6 per 1000 newborns. To date, there are no population-...

    Authors: Vitaly A Postoev, Evert Nieboer, Andrej M Grjibovski and Jon Øyvind Odland

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. A growing number of middle-income countries are scaling up youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health pilot projects to national level programmes. Yet, there are few case studies on successful national leve...

    Authors: Jari Kempers, Evert Ketting, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli and Triin Raudsepp

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. In some developing countries a woman’s decision to utilize maternal health care services is not made by the woman herself but by other family members. The perception of family members regarding who is the most...

    Authors: Priti Upadhyay, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Amir Babu Shrestha and Neelam Pradhan

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:92

    Content type: Research

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  10. The burden of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa is very high. In Ghana maternal mortality ratio was 380 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2013. Skilled birth attendance has been shown to reduce maternal...

    Authors: Evelyn Sakeah, Lois McCloskey, Judith Bernstein, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Samuel Mills and Henry V Doctor

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:90

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. The State of the World’s Midwifery Report 2014: A universal pathway, a women’s right to health (SoWMy2014) was published in June 2014 and joins the ranks of a number of publications which contribute to the gro...

    Authors: Frances Day-Stirk, Frances McConville, James Campbell, Laura Laski, Maria Guerra-Arias, Petra ten Hoope-Bender, Michaela Michel-Schuldt and Luc de Bernis

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:89

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  12. Young people particularly women are at increased risk of undesirable sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. Structural factors have been reported as driving some of these risks. Although several interv...

    Authors: Joyce Wamoyi, Gerry Mshana, Aika Mongi, Nyasule Neke, Saidi Kapiga and John Changalucha

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:88

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  13. Major improvements to Rwanda’s health system, infrastructure, and social programs over the last decade have led to a rapid fertility transition unique from other African countries. The total fertility rate fel...

    Authors: Vedaste Ndahindwa, Collins Kamanzi, Muhammed Semakula, François Abalikumwe, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier and Dana R Thomson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:87

    Content type: Research

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  14. Sexual behaviour and sexual practices affect the risk for acquisition and transmission of HIV infection. This study tries to identify differences in sexual behaviour (condom use with non-marital partners, mult...

    Authors: Morenike O Folayan, Morolake Odetoyinbo, Brandon Brown and Abigail Harrison

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:83

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. The world has made enormous progress in improving child survival since 1990, reducing the under-five mortality rate by nearly half from 90 to 46 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2013. Currently, the global unde...

    Authors: Tessa Wardlaw, Danzhen You, Lucia Hug, Agbessi Amouzou and Holly Newby

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:82

    Content type: Commentary

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  16. Antiretroviral treatment restores physical functioning and may have an impact on fertility desires. Counseling is given to HIV positive women to create awareness and to provide information on pregnancy and del...

    Authors: Jane Kabami, Eleanor Turyakira, Sam Biraro and Francis Bajunirwe

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:81

    Content type: Research

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  17. Group B streptococcus (GBS) has been implicated in adverse pregnancy outcomes. GBS recto-vaginal colonization rates significantly vary among different communities and geographic locations. Limited data is avai...

    Authors: Zufan Lakew Woldu, Tatek Gebreegziabher Teklehaimanot, Sisay Teklu Waji and Mahlet Yigeremu Gebremariam

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:80

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. Preterm birth is the main cause of morbidity and mortality during the perinatal period. Classical risk factors are held responsible for only 1/3 of preterm births and no current intervention has produced an ap...

    Authors: Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Marco Antonio Barbieri, Viviane Cunha Cardoso, Claudia Maria Coelho Alves, Erika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Rejane Christine de Sousa Queiroz, Ricardo Carvalho Cavalli, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista and Heloísa Bettiol

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:79

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  19. Administration of exogenous progesterone for luteal phase support has become a standard of practice. Intramuscular (IM) injections of progesterone in oil (PIO) and vaginal administration of progesterone are th...

    Authors: Angeline N Beltsos, Mark D Sanchez, Kevin J Doody, Mark R Bush, Alice D Domar and Michael G Collins

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:78

    Content type: Research

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  20. Sexual and reproductive health communications are most likely promoting healthy sexual development and reduce sexual risks. Communication is the principal means for parents to transmit sexual values, beliefs, ...

    Authors: Mulatuwa Ayalew, Bezatu Mengistie and Agumasie Semahegn

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:77

    Content type: Research

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  21. Over the years, IVF/ICSI protocols have continued to evolve with efforts to improve outcomes. As a result, treatment success may be related to certain procedural factors, including number of embryos transferre...

    Authors: Alexa A Nardelli, Tania Stafinski, Tarek Motan, Kristin Klein and Devidas Menon

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:76

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  22. Virtually all the evidence on the relationship between women’s empowerment and use of contraception comes from cross-sectional studies that have emphasized macrosocial factors.

    Authors: Federico R León, Rebecka Lundgren, Irit Sinai, Ragini Sinha and Victoria Jennings

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:74

    Content type: Research

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  23. The preconception window has been recognized as one of the earliest sensitive windows of human development, and interventions that focus on this period have the potential to affect not only pregnancy but long ...

    Authors: Sunni L Mumford, Kara A Michels, Natasha Salaria, Pilar Valanzasca and José M Belizán

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:73

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

  24. There is a growing evidence base for preconception care - – the provision of biomedical, behavioral and social interventions to women and couples before conception occurs. Firstly, there is evidence that health p...

    Authors: Elizabeth Mason, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Valentina Baltag, Charlotte Christiansen, Zohra S Lassi and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S8

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  25. The notion of preconception care aims to target the existing risks before pregnancy, whereby resources may be used to improve reproductive health and optimize knowledge before conceiving. The preconception per...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Sohni V Dean, Dania Mallick and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S7

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  26. As providing health education, optimizing nutrition, and managing risk factors can be effective for ensuring a healthy outcome for women and her yet un-conceived baby, external influences play a significant ro...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam, Sohni V Dean and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S6

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  27. A large proportion of women around the world suffer from chronic diseases including mental health diseases. In the United States alone, over 12% of women of reproductive age suffer from a chronic medical condi...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam, Sohni V Dean and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S5

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  28. Infections can impact the reproductive health of women and hence may influence pregnancy related outcomes for both the mother and the child. These infections range from sexually transmitted infections (STIs) t...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam, Sohni V Dean and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S4

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  29. There is increasingly a double burden of under-nutrition and obesity in women of reproductive age. Preconception underweight or overweight, short stature and micronutrient deficiencies all contribute to excess...

    Authors: Sohni V Dean, Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S3

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  30. Preconception care recognizes that many adolescent girls and young women will be thrust into motherhood without the knowledge, skills or support they need. Sixty million adolescents give birth each year worldw...

    Authors: Sohni V Dean, Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S2

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  31. Preconception care includes any intervention to optimize a woman’s health before pregnancy with the aim to improve maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) outcomes. Preconception care bridges the gap in the ...

    Authors: Sohni V Dean, Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S1

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  32. In Argentina, abortion has been decriminalized under certain circumstances since the enactment of the Penal Code in 1922. Nevertheless, access to abortion under this regulatory framework has been extremely lim...

    Authors: Silvina Ramos, Mariana Romero and Agustina Ramón Michel

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:72

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. High-quality obstetric delivery in a health facility reduces maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. This systematic review synthesizes qualitative evidence related to the facilitators and barriers to ...

    Authors: Meghan A Bohren, Erin C Hunter, Heather M Munthe-Kaas, João Paulo Souza, Joshua P Vogel and A Metin Gülmezoglu

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:71

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  34. Between 250,000-280,000 women die worldwide during pregnancy and childbirth each year and children in low- and middle-income countries are 56 times more likely to die before the age of 5 than children in high-...

    Authors: José M Belizán, Natasha Salaria, Pilar Valanzasca and Michael Mbizvo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:69

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

  35. This series of papers focuses on a quality of care framework for maternal health, and systematically reviews the evidence of interventions aimed at improving care at the community-, district- and factility-lev...

    Authors: Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Rehana A Salam, Zohra S Lassi, Anne Austin and Ana Langer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 2):S5

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  36. Most of the maternal and newborn deaths occur at birth or within 24 hours of birth. Therefore, essential lifesaving interventions need to be delivered at basic or comprehensive emergency obstetric care facilit...

    Authors: Jai K Das, Rohail Kumar, Rehana A Salam, Zohra S Lassi and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 2):S4

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  37. District level healthcare serves as a nexus between community and district level facilities. Inputs at the district level can be broadly divided into governance and accountability mechanisms; leadership and su...

    Authors: Rehana A Salam, Zohra S Lassi, Jai K Das and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 2):S3

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  38. Annually around 40 million mothers give birth at home without any trained health worker. Consequently, most of the maternal and neonatal mortalities occur at the community level due to lack of good quality car...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 2):S2

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  39. Despite progress in recent years, an estimated 273,500 women died as a result of maternal causes in 2010. The burden of these deaths is disproportionately bourne by women who reside in low income countries or ...

    Authors: Anne Austin, Ana Langer, Rehana A Salam, Zohra S Lassi, Jai K Das and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 2):S1

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  40. Worldwide, 250,000–280,000 women die during pregnancy and childbirth every year and an estimated 6.55 million children die under the age of five. The majority of maternal deaths occur during or immediately aft...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Rehana A Salam, Jai K Das and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 1):S1

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

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