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  1. In countries, such as Mozambique, where maternal mortality remains high, the greatest contribution of mortality comes from the poor and vulnerable communities, who frequently reside in remote and rural areas w...

    Authors: Khátia Munguambe, Helena Boene, Marianne Vidler, Cassimo Bique, Diane Sawchuck, Tabassum Firoz, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Rahat Qureshi, Eusébio Macete, Clara Menéndez, Peter von Dadelszen and Esperança Sevene
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13(Suppl 1):31

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  2. Antenatal corticosteroids are commonly used to reduce neonatal mortality, but most research to date has been in high-resource settings and few studies have evaluated its impact on stillbirth. In the Antenatal ...

    Authors: Robert L. Goldenberg, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Fernando Althabe, Sarah Saleem, Ana Garces, Waldemar A. Carlo, Omrana Pasha, Elwyn Chomba, Shivaprasad Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard J. Derman, Edward A. Liechty, Archana Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Pierre M. Buekens…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:68
  3. Manifest socio-economic differences are a trigger for internal migration in many sub-Saharan settings including Kenya. An interplay of the social, political and economic factors often lead to internal migratio...

    Authors: Rhoune Ochako, Ian Askew, Jerry Okal, John Oucho and Marleen Temmerman
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:67
  4. Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) for women at high risk of preterm birth is an effective intervention to reduce neonatal mortality among preterm babies delivered in hospital settings, but has not been widely us...

    Authors: Mabel Berrueta, Jennifer Hemingway-Foday, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Robert L. Goldenberg, Waldemar A. Carlo, Ana Garces, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Elwyn Chomba, Patricia L. Hibberd, Nancy F. Krebs, Shivaprasad Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Fabian Esamai, Edward A Liechty…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:66
  5. Possible severe bacterial infections (pSBI) continue to be a leading cause of global neonatal mortality annually. With the recent publications of simplified antibiotic regimens for treatment of pSBI where refe...

    Authors: Patricia L. Hibberd, Nellie I. Hansen, Marie E. Wang, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Omrana Pasha, Fabian Esamai, Elwyn Chomba, Ana Garces, Fernando Althabe, Richard J. Derman, Robert L. Goldenberg, Edward A. Liechty, Waldemar A. Carlo, K. Michael Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs, Pierre Buekens…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:65
  6. The Antenatal Corticosteroid Trial (ACT) assessed the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of a multifaceted intervention to increase the use of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) in mothers at risk of preterm ...

    Authors: Karen Klein, Elizabeth M. McClure, Daniela Colaci, Vanessa Thorsten, Patricia L. Hibberd, Fabian Esamai, Ana Garces, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Carlo, Nancy F. Krebs, Shivaprasad Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Edward A Liechty…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:64
  7. The Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research undertook a cluster-randomized trial to assess the impact of a multi-faceted intervention to identify women at high-risk of preterm birth at all le...

    Authors: Ana Garces, Elizabeth M. McClure, Lester Figueroa, Sayury Pineda, K. Michael Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Dennis D. Wallace, Fernando Althabe and Robert L. Goldenberg
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:63
  8. The Antenatal Corticosteroid Trial assessed the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of a multifaceted intervention to increase the use of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) in mothers at risk of preterm birth ...

    Authors: Fernando Althabe, Vanessa Thorsten, Karen Klein, Elizabeth M. McClure, Patricia L. Hibberd, Robert L. Goldenberg, Waldemar A. Carlo, Ana Garces, Archana Patel, Omrana Pasha, Elwyn Chomba, Nancy F. Krebs, Shivaprasad Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:62
  9. The Global Network’s Antenatal Corticosteroids Trial (ACT), was a multi-country, cluster-randomized trial to improve appropriate use of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) in low-resource settings in low-middle in...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. McClure, Robert L. Goldenberg, Alan H. Jobe, Menachem Miodovnik, Marion Koso-Thomas, Pierre Buekens, Jose Belizan and Fernando Althabe
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:61
  10. Psychological factor alters fertility hormones and contributes to male infertility. Anxiety and depression are common manifestations of psychological distress. Cytochrome P-4501A1 (CYP1A1) metabolizes xenobiot...

    Authors: Aditi Singh, Bidhan Chandra Koner, Prakash Chandra Ray, Sudha Prasad, Elvia Jamatia, Mirza Masroor and Vijay Kumar Singh
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:60
  11. Inappropriate feminine hygiene practices are related to vulvovaginitis. We investigated the prevalence of personal hygiene habits among Lebanese women as well as their awareness of adequate practices.

    Authors: Elie Attieh, Samer Maalouf, Dina Roumieh, Pamela Abdayem, Georges AbiTayeh and Assaad Kesrouani
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:59
  12. Ectopic pregnancies, miscarriages and hydatidiform moles are the major types of pathological pregnancies in the early gestations of pregnancy and constitute an important public health problem. The trends and i...

    Authors: Xue-Lian Li, Dan-Feng Du, Shang-Jie Chen, Sai-Hua Zheng, Arier C Lee and Qi Chen
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:58
  13. Socio-economic development in Vietnam has resulted in increased internal migration particularly among young women seeking employment opportunities in cities. Vietnamese female migrants who enter new environmen...

    Authors: Lan Thi Hoang Vu, Ngan Thi Kim Nguyen, Hanh Thi Duc Tran and Nazeem Muhajarine
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:55
  14. Abortion services were legalized in India in 1972, however, the access to safe abortion services is restricted, especially in rural areas. In 2002, medical abortion using mifepristone- misoprostol was approved...

    Authors: Kirti Iyengar and Sharad D. Iyengar
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:54

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Reproductive Health 2016 13:85

  15. There is limited research on how the empowerment of women and intimate partner violence (IPV) are associated with skilled birth attendance (SBA) among rural women in Uganda. Therefore, the aim of this paper wa...

    Authors: Betty Kwagala, Olivia Nankinga, Stephen Ojiambo Wandera, Patricia Ndugga and Allen Kabagenyi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:53
  16. Teenage pregnancy still remains high in low and middle-income countries (LMIC), as well as in high-income countries (HIC). It is a major contributor to maternal and child morbidity and mortality rates. Further...

    Authors: Kim Jonas, Rik Crutzen, Bart van den Borne, Ronel Sewpaul and Priscilla Reddy
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:50
  17. Maternal death reviews and obstetric audits identify causes and circumstances related to occurrence of a maternal death or serious complication and inform improvements in quality of care. Given Nigeria’s high ...

    Authors: Julia Hussein, Atsumi Hirose, Oluwatoyin Owolabi, Mari Imamura, Lovney Kanguru and Friday Okonofua
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:47
  18. Induction of labor (IOL) is a common practice in many parts of the world. However, the benefits and risks of preventive IOL for the mother and baby have yet to be critically assessed. This study is to investig...

    Authors: Lin Zhang, Hao Zhang, Jun Zhang, Jin Wen Zhang, Jiang Feng Ye and D. Ware Branch
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:46
  19. In Senegal, only 12 % of women of reproductive age in union (WRAU) were using contraceptives and another 29 % had an unmet need for contraceptives in 2010–11. One potential barrier to accessing contraceptives ...

    Authors: Francesca L. Cavallaro, Diane Duclos, Rebecca F. Baggaley, Loveday Penn-Kekana, Catherine Goodman, Alice Vahanian, Andreia C. Santos, John Bradley, Lucy Paintain, Jérémie Gallien, Antonio Gasparrini, Leah Hasselback and Caroline A. Lynch
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:45
  20. The copper intrauterine device (IUD) is under-utilised in South Africa, where injectable progestin contraception (IPC) dominates contraception usage. There is a lack of robust comparative data on these contrac...

    Authors: G. Justus Hofmeyr, Mandisa Singata-Madliki, Theresa A. Lawrie, Eduardo Bergel and Marleen Temmerman
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:42
  21. Integration of sexual and reproductive health (SRH), HIV/AIDS and maternal health (MH) services is a critical strategy to confront the HIV/AIDS epidemic, high maternal mortality and the unmet need for contrace...

    Authors: Sharon Eva Ahumuza, Joseph Rujumba, Abdallah Nkoyooyo, Raymond Byaruhanga and Rhoda K. Wanyenze
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:41
  22. Although abortion is legally available in South Africa, barriers to access exist. Early medical abortion is available to women with a gestational age up to 63 days and timely access is essential. This study ai...

    Authors: Mariette Momberg, Jane Harries and Deborah Constant
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:40
  23. Adolescent pregnancy remains a public health concern, with diverse serious consequences, including increased health risk for mother and child, lost opportunities for personal development, social exclusion, and...

    Authors: J. K. Krugu, F. E. F. Mevissen, A. Prinsen and R. A. C. Ruiter
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:39
  24. Globally, postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) remains a leading cause of maternal deaths. However in many low and middle income countries, there is scarcity of information on magnitude of and risk factors for PPH (bl...

    Authors: Sam Ononge, Florence Mirembe, Julius Wandabwa and Oona M. R. Campbell
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:38
  25. Paternal preconception risk factors such as smoking, exposure to environmental substances, medication use, overweight and advanced age correlate with the occurrence of malformations and birth defects in the of...

    Authors: Eleonora Agricola, Francesco Gesualdo, Emanuela Carloni, Angelo D’Ambrosio, Luisa Russo, Ilaria Campagna, Elisabetta Pandolfi and Alberto E. Tozzi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:37
  26. Antiretroviral therapy is recommended during pregnancy to decrease the risk of perinatal transmission of HIV-1 infection and to improve maternal health. However, some studies have reported that antiretroviral ...

    Authors: Yonatan Moges Mesfin, Kelemu Tilahun Kibret and Amsalu Taye
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:30
  27. Those devoted to medical science have, as their main purpose, the ambition to improve the quality of life of the population. The editorial team of Reproductive Health is mainly devoted to improving reproductive h...

    Authors: José M. Belizán, Sunni Mumford and João Paulo Souza
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:29
  28. It is estimated that approximately one-third of pregnancies in Canada are unintended, meaning they were either mistimed (the woman wanted to be pregnant at a different point in time) or undesired (the woman di...

    Authors: Amy Metcalfe, Rachel Talavlikar, Beatrice du Prey and Suzanne C. Tough
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:28
  29. Perinatal depression among HIV-positive women has negative implications for HIV-related and other maternal and infant outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the burden and correlates of perinatal d...

    Authors: Heather Bailey, Ruslan Malyuta, Igor Semenenko, Claire L Townsend, Mario Cortina-Borja and Claire Thorne
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:27
  30. Preterm birth (PTB) is the world’s leading cause of death in children under 5 years. In 2013, over one million out of six million child deaths were due to complications of PTB. The rate of decline in child dea...

    Authors: Gavin Yamey, Hacsi Horváth, Laura Schmidt, Janet Myers and Claire D. Brindis
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:26
  31. Family planning (FP) interventions aimed at reducing population growth have negligible during the last two decades in Pakistan. Innovative FP interventions that help reduce the growing population burden are th...

    Authors: Syed Khurram Azmat, Waqas Hameed, Hasan Bin Hamza, Ghulam Mustafa, Muhammad Ishaque, Ghazunfer Abbas, Omar Farooq Khan, Jamshaid Asghar, Erik Munroe, Safdar Ali, Wajahat Hussain, Sajid Ali, Aftab Ahmed, Moazzam Ali and Marleen Temmerman
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:25
  32. Since the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, male involvement in reproductive health issues has been advocated as a means to improve maternal and child health outcomes, but to date, h...

    Authors: Emmanueil Benon Turinawe, Jude T. Rwemisisi, Laban K. Musinguzi, Marije de Groot, Denis Muhangi, Daniel H. de Vries, David K. Mafigiri, Achilles Katamba, Nadine Parker and Robert Pool
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:24
  33. In Zanzibar, a semi-autonomous region of Tanzania, induced abortion is illegal but common, and fewer than 12 % of married reproductive-aged women use modern contraception. As part of a multi-method study about...

    Authors: Alison Norris, Bryna J. Harrington, Daniel Grossman, Maryam Hemed and Michelle J. Hindin
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:23
  34. When generating guidelines, quality of the evidence is tabulated to capture its several domains, often using the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) approach. We developed...

    Authors: Luciano Mignini, Rita Champaneria, Ekaterina Mishanina and Khalid S. Khan
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:21
  35. The Preventing Maternal And Neonatal Deaths (PREMAND) project works to understand the social and cultural factors that may contribute to the deaths and near-misses (people who almost die but end up surviving) ...

    Authors: Cheryl A. Moyer, Raymond A. Aborigo, Elizabeth B. Kaselitz, Mira L. Gupta, Abraham Oduro and John Williams
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:20
  36. In Ethiopia besides the very low health seeking behavior of young people, they do not have access to sexual and reproductive health information and even the existing health services are adult-centered. Further...

    Authors: Atitegeb Ayehu, Teketo Kassaw and Getachew Hailu
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:19
  37. Smoking during pregnancy leads to adverse maternal and birth outcomes. However, the prevalence of smoking among women in Russia has increased from < 5 % in the 1980s to > 20 % in the 2000s. We conducted a regi...

    Authors: Olga A. Kharkova, Alexandra Krettek, Andrej M. Grjibovski, Evert Nieboer and Jon Øyvind Odland
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:18
  38. The burden of maternal morbidity is high in developing countries including Nepal. This study investigated obstetric complications and rural–urban difference in cesarean delivery rate in Western Nepal.

    Authors: Vishnu Khanal, Rajendra Karkee, Andy H. Lee and Colin W Binns
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:17
  39. Postpartum sepsis accounts for most maternal deaths between three and seven days postpartum, when most mothers, even those who deliver in facilities, are at home. Case fatality rates for untreated women are ve...

    Authors: L. A. Bartlett, A. E. LeFevre, F. Mir, S. Soofi, S. Arif, D. K. Mitra, M. A. Quaiyum, S. Shakoor, M. S. Islam, N. E. Connor, P. J. Winch, M. E. Reller, R. Shah, S. El Arifeen, A. H. Baqui, Z. A. Bhutta…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:16
  40. The South Asian region has the second highest risk of maternal death in the world. To prevent maternal deaths due to sepsis and to decrease the maternal mortality ratio as per the World Health Organization Mil...

    Authors: Sadia Shakoor, Megan E. Reller, Amnesty LeFevre, Aneeta Hotwani, Shahida M. Qureshi, Farheen Yousuf, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Nicholas Connor, Iftekhar Rafiqullah, Fatima Mir, Shabina Arif, Sajid Soofi, Linda A. Bartlett and Samir Saha
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:15
  41. Globally, 41 % of all pregnancies are unintended, increasing risk for unsafe abortion, miscarriage and maternal and child morbidities and mortality. One in four pregnancies in India (3.3 million pregnancies, a...

    Authors: Jennifer Yore, Anindita Dasgupta, Mohan Ghule, Madhusadana Battala, Saritha Nair, Jay Silverman, Niranjan Saggurti, Donta Balaiah and Anita Raj
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:14
  42. In Uganda, neonatal mortality rate (NMR) remains high at 27 deaths per 1000 live births. There is paucity of data on factors associated with NMR in rural communities in Uganda. The objective of this study was ...

    Authors: Rornald M. Kananura, Moses Tetui, Aloysius Mutebi, John N. Bua, Peter Waiswa, Suzanne N. Kiwanuka, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho and Fredrick Makumbi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:13
  43. Fertility desires and contraceptive behavior often change over time. This study examined the influence of change in fertility desires on change in modern contraceptive use over time in three peri-urban communi...

    Authors: Funmilola OlaOlorun, Assefa Seme, Easmon Otupiri, Peter Ogunjuyigbe and Amy Tsui
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2016 13:12

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