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  1. Sexuality and reproduction are two areas that have been dealt with differently over time and across cultures. Immigrant women resident in Spain, are largely of childbearing age and have some specific needs. Fe...

    Authors: Carmen Alvarez-Nieto, Guadalupe Pastor-Moreno, María Luisa Grande-Gascón and Manuel Linares-Abad
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:79
  2. The main sexual and reproductive health issues among young people are premarital sexual intercourse, unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortions and sexually transmitted diseases including Human Immunodeficiency Vi...

    Authors: Shahla Soleymani, Hejar Abdul Rahman, Rampal Lekhraj, Nor Afiah Mohd Zulkefli and Nasrin Matinnia
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:77
  3. The use of long acting contraceptive methods (LACMs) is one of the strategies for preventing mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Studies noted that significant proportion of unintended pregnancy among ...

    Authors: Abebaw Addis Gelagay, Digsu Negese Koye and Hedija Yenus Yeshita
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:76
  4. Ethiopia has high maternal mortality ratio and poor access to maternal health services. Attendance of at least four antenatal care (ANC) visits and delivery by a skilled birth attendant (SBA) are important in ...

    Authors: Calistus Wilunda, Gianluca Quaglio, Giovanni Putoto, Risa Takahashi, Federico Calia, Desalegn Abebe, Fabio Manenti, Donata Dalla Riva, Ana Pilar Betrán and Andrea Atzori
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:74
  5. Several studies have demonstrated a link between young people’s sexual behavior and levels of parental monitoring, parent-child communication, and parental discipline in Western countries. However, little is k...

    Authors: Chinelo C. Okigbo, Caroline W. Kabiru, Joyce N. Mumah, Sanyu A. Mojola and Donatien Beguy
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:73
  6. Although social norms are thought to play an important role in couples’ reproductive decisions, only limited theoretical or empirical guidance exists on how the underlying process works. Using the theory of no...

    Authors: Rajiv N. Rimal, Pooja Sripad, Ilene S. Speizer and Lisa M. Calhoun
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:71
  7. The accessibility of antiretroviral treatment changed the lives of persons living with HIV from hopelessness to hopefulness. Thus, many of them decided to have children. In Ethiopia, where there is high preval...

    Authors: Fassika Abbawa, Worku Awoke and Yayehirad Alemu
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:69
  8. Sub-Saharan Africa reports low use of family planning methods and high unmet need. Availability of these methods is one of the major barriers to contraceptive use in the region. This study determined the avail...

    Authors: Kwame K. Adjei, Amos K Laar, Clement T. Narh, Martha A. Abdulai, Sam Newton, Seth Owusu-Agyei and Sam Adjei
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:68
  9. There is a high unmet need for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and services among youth (ages 15-24) worldwide (MacQuarrie KLD. Unmet Need for Family Planning among Young Women: Levels and Tre...

    Authors: Lianne Gonsalves, Kelly L. L’Engle, Tigest Tamrat, Kate F. Plourde, Emily R. Mangone, Smisha Agarwal, Lale Say and Michelle J. Hindin
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:67
  10. Hypertension affects about 10 % of pregnancies and is responsible for both maternal and neonatal devastating complications such as eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, prematurity and maternal and neonatal death. The re...

    Authors: Telma Cursino, Leila Katz, Isabela Coutinho and Melania Amorim
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:66
  11. The decreased reproductive capacity of men is an important factor contributing to infertility. Accumulating evidence has shown that Electromagnetic radiation potentially has negative effects on human health. H...

    Authors: Qi Liu, Tianlei Si, Xiaoyun Xu, Fuqiang Liang, Lufeng Wang and Siyi Pan
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:65
  12. Developing the capacity to effectively carry out public health research is an integral part of health systems at both the national and global levels and strengthening research capacity is recognized as an appr...

    Authors: Richard Adanu, Michael T. Mbizvo, Adama Baguiya, Vincent Adam, Beyene W. Ademe, Augustine Ankomah, Godwin N. Aja, Ademola J. Ajuwon, Olapeju A. Esimai, Taofeek Ibrahim, Dintle K. Mogobe, Özge Tunçalp, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli and Marleen Temmerman
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:64
  13. Family planning (FP) researchers and policy makers have often overlooked the importance of involving men in couples’ fertility choices and contraception, despite the fact that male involvement is a vital facto...

    Authors: Chinelo C. Okigbo, Ilene S. Speizer, Meghan Corroon and Abdou Gueye
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:63
  14. Every woman has the right to dignified, respectful care during childbirth. Recent evidence has demonstrated that globally many women experience mistreatment during labour and childbirth in health facilities, w...

    Authors: Joshua P. Vogel, Meghan A. Bohren, Özge Tunçalp, Olufemi T. Oladapo, Richard M. Adanu, Mamadou Diouldé Baldé, Thae Maung Maung, Bukola Fawole, Kwame Adu-Bonsaffoh, Phyllis Dako-Gyeke, Ernest Tei Maya, Mohamed Campell Camara, Alfa Boubacar Diallo, Safiatou Diallo, Khin Thet Wai, Theingi Myint…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:60
  15. Maternity waiting homes (MWHs) are aimed at improving access to facility-based skilled delivery services in rural areas. This study explored women’s experiences and beliefs concerning utilisation of MWHs in ru...

    Authors: Cephas Sialubanje, Karlijn Massar, Marit S. G. van der Pijl, Elisa Maria Kirch, Davidson H. Hamer and Robert A. C. Ruiter
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:61
  16. Globally, there are increasing efforts to improve maternal health outcomes including the reduction in maternal mortality rates. Improved access to skilled care utilisation during pregnancy and delivery has bee...

    Authors: Evaline Lang’at and Lillian Mwanri
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:59
  17. Ugandan law prohibits abortion under all circumstances except where there is a risk for the woman’s life. However, it has been estimated that over 250 000 illegal abortions are being performed in the country y...

    Authors: Sofia Larsson, Miriam Eliasson, Marie Klingberg Allvin, Elisabeth Faxelid, Lynn Atuyambe and Sara Fritzell
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:58
  18. In 1985, WHO stated that there was no justification for caesarean section (CS) rates higher than 10–15 % at population-level. While the CS rates worldwide have continued to increase in an unprecedented manner ...

    Authors: Ana Pilar Betran, Maria Regina Torloni, Jun Zhang, Jiangfeng Ye, Rafael Mikolajczyk, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux, Olufemi Taiwo Oladapo, João Paulo Souza, Özge Tunçalp, Joshua Peter Vogel and Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:57
  19. Despite global improvements in maternal and newborn health (MNH), maternal, fetal and newborn mortality rates in Pakistan remain stagnant. Using data from the Global Network’s Maternal Newborn Health Registry ...

    Authors: Omrana Pasha, Sarah Saleem, Sumera Ali, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Ana Garces, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Fernando Althabe, Janet L Moore, Margo Harrison, Mabel B Berrueta, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Patricia L Hibberd, Waldemar A Carlo…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S15

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  20. While progress has been made in reducing neonatal mortality in Guatemala, stillbirth and maternal mortality rates remain high, especially among the indigenous populations, which have among the highest adverse ...

    Authors: Ana Garces, Elizabeth M Mcclure, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Lester Figueroa, Marta Lidia Aguilar, Janet L Moore and Robert L Goldenberg
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S14

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  21. Skilled birth attendance and institutional delivery have been advocated for reducing maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality (PMR and NMR). India has successfully implemented various strategies to promote s...

    Authors: Shivaprasad S Goudar, Norman Goco, Manjunath S Somannavar, Sunil S Vernekar, Ashalata A Mallapur, Janet L Moore, Dennis D Wallace, Nancy L Sloan, Archana Patel, Patricia L Hibberd, Marion Koso-Thomas, Elizabeth M McClure and Robert L Goldenberg
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S13

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  22. The Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research is one of the largest international networks for testing and generating evidence-based recommendations for improvement of maternal-child health in ...

    Authors: Sherri Bucher, Irene Marete, Constance Tenge, Edward A Liechty, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Bhalchandra Kodkany, Ana Garces, Elwyn Chomba, Fernando Althabe, Mabel Barreuta, Omrana Pasha, Patricia Hibberd, Richard J Derman, Kevin Otieno…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S12

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  23. During the post-partum period, most women wish to delay or prevent future pregnancies. Despite this, the unmet need for family planning up to a year after delivery is higher than at any other time. This study ...

    Authors: Omrana Pasha, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Archana Patel, Ana Garces, Fabian Esamai, Elwyn Chomba, Janet L Moore, Bhalchandra S Kodkany, Sarah Saleem, Richard J Derman, Edward A Liechty, Patricia L Hibberd, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Waldemar A Carlo, Elizabeth M McClure…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S11

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  24. Early initiation of breastfeeding after birth and exclusive breastfeeding through six months of age confers many health benefits for infants; both are crucial high impact, low-cost interventions. However, dete...

    Authors: Archana Patel, Sherri Bucher, Yamini Pusdekar, Fabian Esamai, Nancy F Krebs, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Elwyn Chomba, Ana Garces, Omrana Pasha, Sarah Saleem, Bhalachandra S Kodkany, Edward A Liechty, Bhala Kodkany, Richard J Derman, Waldemar A Carlo, K Michael Hambidge…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S10

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  25. This population-based study sought to quantify maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries associated with obstructed labor, prolonged labor and failure to progres...

    Authors: Margo S Harrison, Sumera Ali, Omrana Pasha, Sarah Saleem, Fernando Althabe, Mabel Berrueta, Agustina Mazzoni, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A Carlo, Ana Garces, Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Shivaprasad S Goudar, SM Dhaded, Bhala Kodkany, Richard J Derman…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S9

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  26. Adolescent girls between 15 and 19 years give birth to around 16 million babies each year, around 11% of births worldwide. We sought to determine whether adolescent mothers are at higher risk of maternal and p...

    Authors: Fernando Althabe, Janet L Moore, Luz Gibbons, Mabel Berrueta, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Elwyn Chomba, Richard J Derman, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Fabian Esamai, Ana Garces, Edward A Liechty, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Patricia L Hibberd…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S8

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  27. Stillbirth rates remain nearly ten times higher in low-middle income countries (LMIC) than high income countries. In LMIC, where nearly 98% of stillbirths worldwide occur, few population-based studies have doc...

    Authors: Elizabeth M McClure, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Janet L Moore, Ana Garces, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Fernando Althabe, Omrana Pasha, Bhalachandra S Kodkany, Carl L Bose, Mabel Berreuta, Edward A Liechty, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S7

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  28. Approximately 3 million neonatal deaths occur each year worldwide. Simple interventions have been tested and found to be effective in reducing the neonatal mortality. In order to effectively implement public h...

    Authors: Sangappa M Dhaded, Manjunath S Somannavar, Sunil S Vernekar, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Musaku Mwenche, Richard Derman, Janet L Moore, Archana Patel, Omrana Pasha, Fabian Esamai, Ana Garces, Fernando Althabe, Elwyn Chomba, Edward A Liechty, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S6

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  29. Because large, prospective, population-based data sets describing maternal outcomes are typically not available in low- and middle-income countries, it is difficult to monitor maternal mortality rates over tim...

    Authors: Melissa Bauserman, Adrien Lokangaka, Vanessa Thorsten, Antoinette Tshefu, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Ana Garces, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Archana Patel, Albert Manasyan, Mabel Berrueta, Bhala Kodkany, Elwyn Chomba, Edward A Liechty, K Michael Hambidge…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  30. It is important when conducting epidemiologic studies to closely monitor lost to follow up (LTFU) rates. A high LTFU rate may lead to incomplete study results which in turn can introduce bias to the trial or s...

    Authors: Irene Marete, Constance Tenge, Carolyne Chemweno, Sherri Bucher, Omrana Pasha, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Shivanand C Mastiholi, Melody Chiwila, Archana Patel, Fernando Althabe, Ana Garces, Janet L Moore, Edward A Liechty, Richard J Derman, Patricia L Hibberd, K Michael Hambidge…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  31. Pregnancy-related vital registration is important to inform policy to reduce maternal, fetal and newborn mortality, yet few systems for capturing accurate data are available in low-middle income countries wher...

    Authors: Bhalachandra S Kodkany, Richard J Derman, Narayan V Honnungar, Naresh K Tyagi, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Shivanand C Mastiholi, Janet L Moore, Elizabeth M McClure, Nancy Sloan and Robert L Goldenberg
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  32. To describe quantitative data quality monitoring and performance metrics adopted by the Global Network’s (GN) Maternal Newborn Health Registry (MNHR), a maternal and perinatal population-based registry (MPPBR)...

    Authors: Shivaprasad S Goudar, Kristen B Stolka, Marion Koso-Thomas, Narayan V Honnungar, Shivanand C Mastiholi, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Sangappa M Dhaded, Omrana Pasha, Archana Patel, Fabian Esamai, Elwyn Chomba, Ana Garces, Fernando Althabe, Waldemar A Carlo, Robert L Goldenberg, Patricia L Hibberd…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S2

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  33. The Global Network for Women's and Children's Health Research (Global Network) supports and conducts clinical trials in resource-limited countries by pairing foreign and U.S. investigators, with the goal of ev...

    Authors: Carl L Bose, Melissa Bauserman, Robert L Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Elizabeth M McClure, Omrana Pasha, Waldemar A Carlo, Ana Garces, Janet L Moore, Menachem Miodovnik and Marion Koso-Thomas
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12(Suppl 2):S1

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 2

  34. The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development created and continues to support the Global Network for Women's and Children's Health Research, a partnership between research institutions in the U...

    Authors: Robert L. Goldenberg, Elizabeth M. McClure, Carl L. Bose, Alan H. Jobe and José M Belizán
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:54
  35. Women living with HIV/AIDS, in particular, have been positioned as a latent source of infection, and have captivated culpability and blame leading to a highly stigmatised and discriminated life. Despite the si...

    Authors: Vikas Paudel and Kedar P Baral
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:53
  36. In patients treated with IVF, the incidence of poor ovarian response (POR) after ovarian stimulation varies from 9 to 25 %. However, at present, there are no clear guidelines for treating these poor responders...

    Authors: Philippe Merviel, Rosalie Cabry-Goubet, Emmanuelle Lourdel, Aviva Devaux, Naima Belhadri-Mansouri, Henri Copin and Moncef Benkhalifa
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:52
  37. Induced abortion has been legal in India on a broad range of medical and social grounds since 1980s. Often, induced abortion is resorted to as a means for contraception, and has a potential to be misused for s...

    Authors: Shashi Kant, Rahul Srivastava, Sanjay Kumar Rai, Puneet Misra, Lena Charlette and Chandrakant S. Pandav
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:51
  38. Most complications during labour and childbirth could be averted with timely interventions by skilled healthcare providers. Yet, the quality and outcomes of childbirth care remains suboptimal in many health fa...

    Authors: Meghan A Bohren, Olufemi T Oladapo, Özge Tunçalp, Melanie Wendland, Joshua P Vogel, Mari Tikkanen, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa, João Paulo Souza, Rajiv Bahl and A. Metin Gülmezoglu
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:50
  39. The partograph is currently the main tool available to support decision-making of health professionals during labour. However, the rate of appropriate use of the partograph is disappointingly low. Apart from l...

    Authors: João Paulo Souza, Olufemi T Oladapo, Meghan A Bohren, Kidza Mugerwa, Bukola Fawole, Leonardo Moscovici, Domingos Alves, Gleici Perdona, Livia Oliveira-Ciabati, Joshua P Vogel, Özge Tunçalp, Jim Zhang, Justus Hofmeyr, Rajiv Bahl and A Metin Gülmezoglu
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:49
  40. As most pregnancy-related deaths and morbidities are clustered around the time of childbirth, quality of care during this period is critical to the survival of pregnant women and their babies. Despite the wide...

    Authors: Olufemi T Oladapo, João Paulo Souza, Meghan A Bohren, Özge Tunçalp, Joshua P Vogel, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa and A Metin Gülmezoglu
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:48
  41. Gender-based violence is a natural outgrowth of the stigma and discrimination experienced by commercial sex workers (CSWs) across the globe. In light of this, the current study aimed to describe the prevalence...

    Authors: Mussie Alemayehu, Gebregizabeher Yohannes, Ashenafi Damte, Atsede Fantahun, Kahsu Gebrekirstos, Resom Tsegay, Adina Goldberger and Henock Yebyo
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:47
  42. To compare the expression of receptivity markers in epithelial and stromal cells in the endometrium of ovulatory women and infertile with hypothalamic pituitary dysfunction (HPD), untreated or treated with clo...

    Authors: Francisco J. Valdez-Morales, Armando Gamboa-Domínguez, Victor S. Vital-Reyes, Juan C. Hinojosa Cruz, Jesús Chimal-Monroy, Yanira Franco-Murillo and Marco Cerbón
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:45

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