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  1. Administration of exogenous progesterone for luteal phase support has become a standard of practice. Intramuscular (IM) injections of progesterone in oil (PIO) and vaginal administration of progesterone are th...

    Authors: Angeline N Beltsos, Mark D Sanchez, Kevin J Doody, Mark R Bush, Alice D Domar and Michael G Collins
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:78
  2. Sexual and reproductive health communications are most likely promoting healthy sexual development and reduce sexual risks. Communication is the principal means for parents to transmit sexual values, beliefs, ...

    Authors: Mulatuwa Ayalew, Bezatu Mengistie and Agumasie Semahegn
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:77
  3. Over the years, IVF/ICSI protocols have continued to evolve with efforts to improve outcomes. As a result, treatment success may be related to certain procedural factors, including number of embryos transferre...

    Authors: Alexa A Nardelli, Tania Stafinski, Tarek Motan, Kristin Klein and Devidas Menon
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:76
  4. Virtually all the evidence on the relationship between women’s empowerment and use of contraception comes from cross-sectional studies that have emphasized macrosocial factors.

    Authors: Federico R León, Rebecka Lundgren, Irit Sinai, Ragini Sinha and Victoria Jennings
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:74
  5. The preconception window has been recognized as one of the earliest sensitive windows of human development, and interventions that focus on this period have the potential to affect not only pregnancy but long ...

    Authors: Sunni L Mumford, Kara A Michels, Natasha Salaria, Pilar Valanzasca and José M Belizán
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:73
  6. There is a growing evidence base for preconception care - – the provision of biomedical, behavioral and social interventions to women and couples before conception occurs. Firstly, there is evidence that health p...

    Authors: Elizabeth Mason, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Valentina Baltag, Charlotte Christiansen, Zohra S Lassi and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S8

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  7. The notion of preconception care aims to target the existing risks before pregnancy, whereby resources may be used to improve reproductive health and optimize knowledge before conceiving. The preconception per...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Sohni V Dean, Dania Mallick and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S7

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  8. As providing health education, optimizing nutrition, and managing risk factors can be effective for ensuring a healthy outcome for women and her yet un-conceived baby, external influences play a significant ro...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam, Sohni V Dean and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S6

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  9. A large proportion of women around the world suffer from chronic diseases including mental health diseases. In the United States alone, over 12% of women of reproductive age suffer from a chronic medical condi...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam, Sohni V Dean and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  10. Infections can impact the reproductive health of women and hence may influence pregnancy related outcomes for both the mother and the child. These infections range from sexually transmitted infections (STIs) t...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam, Sohni V Dean and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  11. There is increasingly a double burden of under-nutrition and obesity in women of reproductive age. Preconception underweight or overweight, short stature and micronutrient deficiencies all contribute to excess...

    Authors: Sohni V Dean, Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  12. Preconception care recognizes that many adolescent girls and young women will be thrust into motherhood without the knowledge, skills or support they need. Sixty million adolescents give birth each year worldw...

    Authors: Sohni V Dean, Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S2

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  13. Preconception care includes any intervention to optimize a woman’s health before pregnancy with the aim to improve maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) outcomes. Preconception care bridges the gap in the ...

    Authors: Sohni V Dean, Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S1

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  14. In Argentina, abortion has been decriminalized under certain circumstances since the enactment of the Penal Code in 1922. Nevertheless, access to abortion under this regulatory framework has been extremely lim...

    Authors: Silvina Ramos, Mariana Romero and Agustina Ramón Michel
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:72
  15. High-quality obstetric delivery in a health facility reduces maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. This systematic review synthesizes qualitative evidence related to the facilitators and barriers to ...

    Authors: Meghan A Bohren, Erin C Hunter, Heather M Munthe-Kaas, João Paulo Souza, Joshua P Vogel and A Metin Gülmezoglu
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:71
  16. Between 250,000-280,000 women die worldwide during pregnancy and childbirth each year and children in low- and middle-income countries are 56 times more likely to die before the age of 5 than children in high-...

    Authors: José M Belizán, Natasha Salaria, Pilar Valanzasca and Michael Mbizvo
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:69
  17. This series of papers focuses on a quality of care framework for maternal health, and systematically reviews the evidence of interventions aimed at improving care at the community-, district- and factility-lev...

    Authors: Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Rehana A Salam, Zohra S Lassi, Anne Austin and Ana Langer
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 2):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  18. Most of the maternal and newborn deaths occur at birth or within 24 hours of birth. Therefore, essential lifesaving interventions need to be delivered at basic or comprehensive emergency obstetric care facilit...

    Authors: Jai K Das, Rohail Kumar, Rehana A Salam, Zohra S Lassi and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 2):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  19. District level healthcare serves as a nexus between community and district level facilities. Inputs at the district level can be broadly divided into governance and accountability mechanisms; leadership and su...

    Authors: Rehana A Salam, Zohra S Lassi, Jai K Das and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 2):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  20. Annually around 40 million mothers give birth at home without any trained health worker. Consequently, most of the maternal and neonatal mortalities occur at the community level due to lack of good quality car...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 2):S2

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  21. Despite progress in recent years, an estimated 273,500 women died as a result of maternal causes in 2010. The burden of these deaths is disproportionately bourne by women who reside in low income countries or ...

    Authors: Anne Austin, Ana Langer, Rehana A Salam, Zohra S Lassi, Jai K Das and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 2):S1

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  22. In an effort to accelerate progress towards achieving Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 and 5, provision of essential reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) interventions is being considere...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Rohail Kumar, Tarab Mansoor, Rehana A Salam, Jai K Das and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 1):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  23. Child health is a growing concern at the global level, as infectious diseases and preventable conditions claim hundreds of lives of children under the age of five in low-income countries. Approximately 7.6 mil...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Dania Mallick, Jai K Das, Lekho Mal, Rehana A Salam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 1):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  24. Childbirth and the postnatal period, spanning from right after birth to the following several weeks, presents a time in which the number of deaths reported still remain alarmingly high. Worldwide, about 800 wo...

    Authors: Rehana A Salam, Tarab Mansoor, Dania Mallick, Zohra S Lassi, Jai K Das and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 1):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  25. The statistics related to pregnancy and its outcomes are staggering: annually, an estimated 250000-280000 women die during childbirth. Unfortunately, a large number of women receive little or no care during or...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Tarab Mansoor, Rehana A Salam, Jai K Das and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 1):S2

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  26. Worldwide, 250,000–280,000 women die during pregnancy and childbirth every year and an estimated 6.55 million children die under the age of five. The majority of maternal deaths occur during or immediately aft...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Rehana A Salam, Jai K Das and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 1):S1

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  27. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) and its associated disorders are caused by the expansion of the CGG repeat in the 5′ untranslated region of the fragile X mental retardation 1 gene (FMR1). The full mutation, defined as >...

    Authors: Emmanuel Peprah
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:67
  28. World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that the episiotomy rate should be around 10%, which is already a reality in many European countries. Currently the use of episiotomy should be restricted and physici...

    Authors: Inês Melo, Leila Katz, Isabela Coutinho and Melania Maria Amorim
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:66
  29. Average contraceptive prevalence rate in the Nkwanta district of Ghana was estimated to be 6.2% relative to the national average at the time, of 19%. While several efforts had been made to improve family plann...

    Authors: Sebastian Eliason, John K Awoonor-Williams, Cecilia Eliason, Jacob Novignon, Justice Nonvignon and Moses Aikins
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:65
  30. While unintended pregnancies pose a serious threat to the health and well-being of families globally, characteristics of Tanzanian women who conceive unintentionally are rarely documented. This analysis identi...

    Authors: Amon Exavery, Almamy Malick Kanté, Mustafa Njozi, Kassimu Tani, Henry V Doctor, Ahmed Hingora and James F Phillips
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:63
  31. Long-term follow-up on relationship quality in couples who use sperm donation is scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to analyse changes over time in satisfaction with relationship in heterosexual couples who w...

    Authors: Gunilla Sydsjö, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Marie Bladh and Claudia Lampic
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:62
  32. Maternal mortality has declined by nearly half since 1990, but over a quarter million women still die every year of causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. Maternal-health related targets are falling short...

    Authors: Joao Paulo Souza, Mariana Widmer, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu, Theresa Anne Lawrie, Ebunoluwa Aderonke Adejuyigbe, Guillermo Carroli, Caroline Crowther, Sheena M Currie, Therese Dowswell, Justus Hofmeyr, Tina Lavender, Joy Lawn, Silke Mader, Francisco Eulógio Martinez, Kidza Mugerwa, Zahida Qureshi…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:61
  33. Skilled care during and immediately after delivery has been identified as one of the key strategies in reducing maternal mortality. However, recent estimates show that the status of skilled care during deliver...

    Authors: Gurmesa Tura, Mesganaw Fantahun Afework and Alemayehu Worku Yalew
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:60
  34. Despite the universal right to access the same range, quality and standard of free or affordable health care and programs as provided to other persons, people with physical disabilities (PWPDs) continue to exp...

    Authors: Sharon Eva Ahumuza, Joseph KB Matovu, John Bosco Ddamulira and Florence Kyoheirwe Muhanguzi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:59
  35. The government in Madhya Pradesh (MP), India in 2006, launched “Janani Express Yojana” (JE), a decentralized, 24X7, free emergency transport service for all pregnant women under a public-private partnership. J...

    Authors: Yogesh Sabde, Ayesha De Costa and Vishal Diwan
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:57
  36. Magnitude of unprotected sexual practice among PLHIV is generally high in African countries including Ethiopia. Understanding the practice in Ethiopia could have public health significance. However little is k...

    Authors: Etsub Engedashet, Alemayehu Worku and Gezahegn Tesfaye
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:56
  37. Globally, an estimated 287 000 maternal deaths occurred in 2010 annually as a result of complications of pregnancy and childbirth. Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia were accounted for 85% of the global burd...

    Authors: Muhammedawel Kaso and Mesfin Addisse
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:55
  38. The reproductive health needs of unmarried adolescents in Bangladesh are largely unmet. This study aimed to explore treatment-seeking behaviour of unmarried female adolescents for selected reproductive health ...

    Authors: Humayun Kabir, Nirod Chandra Saha, Andrea L Wirtz and Rukhsana Gazi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:54
  39. Toll free mobile telephone intervention to support mothers in pregnancy and delivery period was tested in one sub district of Bangladesh. Qualitative research was conducted to measure the changes of mobile pho...

    Authors: Nafisa Lira Huq, Asrafi Jahan Azmi, MA Quaiyum and Shahed Hossain
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:52
  40. Zambia’s fertility rate and unmet need for family planning are still high. This is in spite of the progress reported from 1992 to 2007 of the increase in contraceptive prevalence rate from 15% to 41% and use o...

    Authors: Namuunda Mutombo and Pauline Bakibinga
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:51

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