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Table 7 Univariable predictors of effective contraception use and receiving contraceptive counseling among women with systemic lupus erythematosus at risk for unplanned pregnancy*

From: Low prevalence of contraceptive counseling at Srinagarind hospital, Thailand among women of reproductive age with systemic lupus erythematosus

  n Use of effective contraception*** Receive contraception counseling
Age > 30 (vs. ≤ 30) 15 1.24 (0.31-4.93) 0.69 (0.14- 3.35)
Income ≥ 10,000 THB (vs. <10,000) 8 2 (0.4-9.9) 2.45 (0.25-23.6)
College degree (vs. less education) 10 1.18 (0.26-5.34) 1.26 (0.21-7.65)
Taking teratogenic medication 8 0.17 (0.02-1.65) 0.85 (0.14-5.39)
Active renal disease (vs. stable disease) 11 0.24 (0.04-1.46) 0.32 (0.05-1.87)
Active non-renal disease (vs. stable disease) 5 0.74 (0.09-5.49) 0.75 (0.06-9.26)
Disease duration > 5 yr (vs. < 5 yr) 13 1.09(0.25-4.50) 2.06(0.35-12.16)
Know about the effect of SLE on pregnancy 27 0.98 (0.19-5.00) 13.33 (2.05-86.34) ¥
Know about the effect of pregnancy on SLE 29 0.52(0.09-3.10) 12.50 (1.69-92.25) ¥
Know about the better prognosis if pregnancy occurs after 6 months of being stable or free of disease 21 1.10 (0.27-4.50) 20 (2.08-192.64) ¥
healthcare provider
    • Rheumatologist (vs. no provider) 23 0.88 (1.16-4.71) -
    • OB 4 1.66 (0.14-18.87)  
Prior pregnancy 24 3.8 (0.67-21.47) 13.2 (2.03-85.81) ¥
Prior induced abortion 5 3 (0.43-20.9) -
Not desire to get pregnant (vs. desire or not considered)
    • Women with SLE 25 0.47 (0.08-2.75) 3.5 (0.47-24.65)
    • Their partners   1.18 (0.19-6.66) 1.26 (0.17-15.31)
    • Their families 10 0.50 (0.07-3.42) 2.64 (0.29-19.51)
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  1. * Values are the odds ratio (95% confidence interval) unless otherwise indicated. ** Age and disease duration reported using mean difference & 95% confidence interval. ***Effective contraception included hormonal methods and IUD. ¥ = significant (P < 0.05).