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  1. Underutilization of formal maternal care services and accredited health attendants is a major contributor to the high maternal mortality rates in rural communities in Nigeria. Perceptions of a poor quality of ...

    Authors: Arone Wondwossen Fantaye, Friday Okonofua, Lorretta Ntoimo and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:164

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Globally, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remain a major public health problem. University students tend to practices sex which predisposes them to sexually transmitted infections, unwanted pregnancies,...

    Authors: Belayneh Ayanaw Kassie, Hedja Yenus, Resom Berhe and Eskeziaw Abebe Kassahun

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:163

    Content type: Research

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  3. Above half of mothers in Ethiopia give birth at home. Home based care within the first week after birth as a complementary strategy to facility-based postnatal care service is critical to increase the survival...

    Authors: Brhane Gebrekidan Ayele, Mulugeta Abrha Woldu, Haftom Weldearegay Gebrehiwot, Equbay Gebru Gebre-egziabher, Hailay Gebretnsae, Tsegay Hadgu, Alemnesh Araya Abrha and Araya Abrha Medhanyie

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:162

    Content type: Research

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  4. Despite improved health facility access relative to rural areas, distance and transportation remain barriers in some urban areas. Using household and facility data linked to residential and transportation geog...

    Authors: Veronica Escamilla, Lisa Calhoun, Norbert Odero and Ilene S. Speizer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:161

    Content type: Research

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  5. Women’s fear from childbirth has been associated with increased medical interventions and traumatized birth experience. Although antenatal education is a crucial factor to empower and prepare women for their b...

    Authors: Robab Hassanzadeh, Fatemeh Abbas-Alizadeh, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:160

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. In recent decades there have been great improvements in the reproductive health of women in low- and middle-income countries and increases in the use of modern contraceptive methods. Nonetheless, many women ar...

    Authors: Jane Harries, Deborah Constant, Vanessa Wright, Chelsea Morroni, Alex Müller and Christopher J. Colvin

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:159

    Content type: Research

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  7. Although Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is internationally considered a harmful practice, it is increasingly being medicalized allegedly to reduce its negative health effects, and is thus suggested ...

    Authors: Els Leye, Nina Van Eekert, Simukai Shamu, Tammary Esho and Hazel Barrett

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:158

    Content type: Review

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  8. Despite efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, the maternal mortality ratio in the Democratic Republic of Congo was 693 per 100,000 in 2015—the 6th highest in the world and higher than the averag...

    Authors: Hocheol Lee, Sung Jong Park, Grace O. Ndombi and Eun Woo Nam

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:157

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that another author should be added to the team of authors. The Name and affiliation details are below.

    Authors: Griffins O. Manguro, Linnet N. Masese, Kishor Mandaliya, Susan M. Graham, R. Scott McClelland, Jennifer S. Smith and Vernon Mochache

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:156

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Reproductive Health 2018 15:206

  10. Women’s decision-making power regarding reproductive health and rights (RHR) was the central component to achieve reproductive well-being. Literatures agree that a women having higher domestic decision-making ...

    Authors: Afework Tadele, Amanuel Tesfay and Alemi Kebede

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:155

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Short birth intervals increase risk for adverse maternal and infant outcomes including preterm birth, low birth weight (LBW), and infant mortality. Although postpartum family planning (PPFP) is an increasingly...

    Authors: Rubee Dev, Pamela Kohler, Molly Feder, Jennifer A. Unger, Nancy F. Woods and Alison L. Drake

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:154

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  12. Access to and utilization of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) services remains poor. ASRH services in Kenya are primarily offered in health facilities and include counselling, information, and ...

    Authors: Lilian Mutea, Susan Ontiri, Sheila Macharia, Meital Tzobotaro, Carolyne Ajema, Vincent Odiara, Francis Kadiri, Solomon Orero, Mark Kabue, Kristien Michielsen and Peter Gichangi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:153

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  13. Public health literature is replete with evidence on individual and interpersonal indicators of modern contraceptive use. There is, however, limited knowledge regarding healthcare system indicators of modern c...

    Authors: Ibitola Asaolu, Velia Leybas Nuño, Kacey Ernst, Douglas Taren and John Ehiri

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:152

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. Bacterial vaginosis (BV), a clinical condition characterized by decreased vaginal Lactobacillus spp., is difficult to treat. We examined associations between micronutrient intake and a low-Lactobacillus vaginal m...

    Authors: Susan Tuddenham, Khalil G. Ghanem, Laura E. Caulfield, Alisha J. Rovner, Courtney Robinson, Rupak Shivakoti, Ryan Miller, Anne Burke, Catherine Murphy, Jacques Ravel and Rebecca M. Brotman

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:151

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. Reducing the maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births globally is one of the Sustainable Development Goals. Approximately 830 women die from pregnancy- or childbirth-related complicatio...

    Authors: Poshan Thapa, Alex Harsha Bangura, Isha Nirola, David Citrin, Bishal Belbase, Bhawana Bogati, B. K. Nirmala, Sonu Khadka, Lal Kunwar, Scott Halliday, Nandini Choudhury, Al Ozonoff, Jasmine Tenpa, Ryan Schwarz, Mukesh Adhikari, S. P. Kalaunee…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:150

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. The objective of this study is to validate three mental health scales in a targeted sample of pregnant Arab women living in Qatar: the Kuwait University Anxiety Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Edinb...

    Authors: Katherine A. Roof, Laurie James-Hawkins, Hanan F. Abdul Rahim and Kathryn M. Yount

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:149

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Nonuse of contraceptive methods by women in need of contraception may impact their sexual and reproductive health. The aim of this study was to describe the reasons for nonuse of contraception among women with...

    Authors: Laísa Rodrigues Moreira, Fernanda Ewerling, Aluisio J. D. Barros and Mariangela Freitas Silveira

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:148

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) boasts one of the highest rates of institutional deliveries in sub-Saharan Africa (80%), with eight out of every ten births also assisted by a skilled provider. Howev...

    Authors: Xu Xiong, Rebecca Carter, Paul-Samson Lusamba-Dikassa, Elvis C. Kuburhanwa, Francine Kimanuka, Freddy Salumu, Guy Clarysse, Baudouin Kalume Tutu, Sylvain Yuma, Alain Mboko Iyeti, Julie H. Hernandez, Jeffrey G. Shaffer, Susie Villeneuve, Alain Prual, Lee Pyne-Mercier, Assaye Nigussie…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:147

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  19. A high number of vaginal examinations (VEs) may lead to a higher risk of infections, as well as discomfort/dissatisfaction with intrapartum care.

    Authors: Jessica Hanae Zafra-Tanaka, Renee Montesinos-Segura, Pamela D. Flores-Gonzales and Alvaro Taype-Rondan

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:146

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. For a significant proportion of women, postpartum depression (PPD) is the first mood episode in their lives, yet its aetiology still remains unclear. Insecure attachment in close adult relationships is conside...

    Authors: Polona Rus Prelog, Marijana Vidmar Šimic, Tanja Premru Sršen and Maja Rus Makovec

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:145

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Communication on sexuality within the family has been considered a determinant factor for the sexual behaviour of young women, contributing to delaying sexual initiation. Taking into account that young women a...

    Authors: Mónica Frederico, Carlos Arnaldo, Kristien Michielsen and Peter Decat

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:144

    Content type: Research

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  22. Maternal and newborn mortality continue to be major challenges in Nigeria. While greater participation of men in maternal and newborn health has been associated with positive outcomes in many settings, male in...

    Authors: Vandana Sharma, Jessica Leight, Nadège Giroux, Fatima AbdulAziz and Martina Bjorkman Nyqvist

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:143

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of smoking by intensity status before pregnancy and during early (first and second trimester) and late (third trimester) pregnancy according to race/et...

    Authors: Anthony J. Kondracki

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:142

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Although considerable progress has been made in reducing maternal mortality over the past 25 years in Senegal, the national maternal mortality ratio (MMR), at 315 deaths per 100,000 live births, is still unacc...

    Authors: Margaret E. MacDonald and Gorgui Sene Diallo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:141

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. The existing knowledge on the interplay between reproductive and sexual health, migration and acculturation is recent and inconsistent, particularly on the sociocultural motives and constraints regarding ferti...

    Authors: Violeta Alarcão, Miodraga Stefanovska-Petkovska, Ana Virgolino, Osvaldo Santos, Sofia Ribeiro, Andreia Costa, Paulo Nogueira, Patrícia M. Pascoal, Sónia Pintassilgo and Fernando Luís Machado

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:140

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  26. Continuing population growth could be detrimental for social and economic wellbeing. Understanding the factors that influence family planning decisions will be important for policy. This paper examines the eff...

    Authors: Jacob Novignon, Nadege Gbetoton Djossou and Ulrika Enemark

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:139

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Sexual choices and practices of adolescents living in conservative societies, including Morocco, can be influenced either positively or negatively by the prevailing contextual and social norms. These norms not...

    Authors: Hicham El Kazdouh, Abdelghaffar El-Ammari, Siham Bouftini, Samira El Fakir and Youness El Achhab

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:138

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Depression in patients with infertility often goes undiagnosed and untreated. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and its ultra-brief version (i.e. PHQ-2) are widely used measures of depressive symptoms...

    Authors: Saman Maroufizadeh, Reza Omani-Samani, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Payam Amini and Mahdi Sepidarkish

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:137

    Content type: Research

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  29. Intentions-oriented approaches to measuring pregnancy do not necessarily align with how people view and approach pregnancy. Our objective was to obtain an in-depth understanding of the notions women and men ho...

    Authors: Meredith G. Manze, Dana Watnick and Diana Romero

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:135

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. More women are accessing modern contraceptive use in Kenya, however, contraceptive discontinuation has stagnated over the decades. Any further increase in contraceptive use will most likely be from past users,...

    Authors: Susan Ontiri, Lilian Mutea, Maxwell Muganda, Peter Mutanda, Carolyne Ajema, Stephen Okoth, Solomon Orero, Ruth Odhiambo, Regien Biesma, Jelle Stekelenburg and Mark Kabue

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:134

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  31. Unwanted pregnancies are considered as one of the most important public health risks. Regarding the importance of the unwanted pregnancy in the country and helping health policy-makers obtain more accurate inf...

    Authors: Rostam Jalali, Masoud Mohammadi, Aliakbar Vaisi-Raygani, Akram Ghobadi and Nader Salari

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:133

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  32. Inflammation and elevated blood lipids are associated with infertility. Aspirin and statin therapy may improve infertility treatment outcomes among overweight and obese women with systemic inflammation, but li...

    Authors: Kerry S. Flannagan, Lindsey A. Sjaarda, Micah J. Hill, Matthew T. Connell, Jessica R. Zolton, Neil J. Perkins, Sunni L. Mumford, Torie C. Plowden, Victoria C. Andriessen, Jeannie G. Radoc and Enrique F. Schisterman

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:132

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. In Brazil, high contraceptive prevalence rates coexist with high rates of unintended pregnancies. Contraceptive discontinuation may explain this context, but few studies have focused on highly educated young w...

    Authors: Christiane Borges do Nascimento Chofakian, Caroline Moreau, Ana Luiza Vilela Borges and Osmara Alves dos Santos

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:131

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Recent evidence suggests that mistreatment of women during childbirth is a global challenge facing health care systems. This study seeks to explore the prevalence of mistreatment of women in public health faci...

    Authors: Ephrem D. Sheferaw, Young-Mi Kim, Thomas van den Akker and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:130

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the most populous state in India with historically high levels of fertility rates than the national average. Though fertility levels in UP declined considerably in recent decades, the cur...

    Authors: Shiva S. Halli, Damaraju Ashwini, Bidyadhar Dehury, Shajy Isac, Antony Joseph, Preeti Anand, Vikas Gothalwal, Ravi Prakash, B. M. Ramesh, James Blanchard and Ties Boerma

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:129

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Appropriate health information seeking behavior can play an effective role in self-care and promotion of women’s quality of life during pregnancy. However, different barriers can impede pregnant women while ac...

    Authors: Marzieh Javanmardi, Mahnaz Noroozi, Firouzeh Mostafavi and Hasan Ashrafi-rizi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:128

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. As a consequence of biological, psychological and social changes during puberty, youth is a period characterized by impulsiveness and risk-taking. Members of this population often feel invulnerable and have a ...

    Authors: Sebastian Sanz-Martos, Isabel M. López-Medina, Cristina Álvarez-García and Carmen Álvarez-Nieto

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:127

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. In Indonesia infertility affects 10–15% of reproductive-age couples. In addition to medical problem, infertility in Indonesia poses significant social problem. Childlessness is often stigmatized as a failure w...

    Authors: Achmad Kemal Harzif, Victor Prana Andika Santawi and Stephanie Wijaya

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:126

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Access to comprehensive and culturally appropriate reproductive life planning is essential to women’s health. Although many strategies and tools exist, few are designed for longitudinal use or provide visual a...

    Authors: Jessica M. Madrigal, Kelly Stempinski-Metoyer, Amy E. McManus, Lindsay Zimmerman and Ashlesha Patel

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:125

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Adolescent pregnancy is a worldwide problem because of its health, social, economic and political repercussions on the globe. Even though the rates of adolescent pregnancy have declined over the decade, there ...

    Authors: Ibrahim Yakubu, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Roya Sadeghi, Azar Tol, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad and Adadow Yidana

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:124

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Despite the remarkable reduction of maternal mortality, unsafe and untimely menstrual regulation (MR) remains a major maternal health problem in Bangladesh. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and ide...

    Authors: Juwel Rana, Kanchan Kumar Sen, Toufica Sultana, Mohammad Bellal Hossain and Rakibul M. Islam

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:123

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Although large scale public sector community health worker programs have been key in providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services in low- and middle-income countries, their integration process into ...

    Authors: Joseph M. Zulu, John Kinsman, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Charles Michelo, Asha George and Helen Schneider

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:122

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Eighty-five percent of the global burden of maternal mortality was covered by Sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia is a major contributor to the death of mothers with a maternal mortality ratio of 676 per 100,000 live...

    Authors: Wassie Sadik, Alemayehu Bayray, Ayal Debie and Tsegaye Gebremedhin

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:121

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are a major public health challenge globally especially among adolescents and young adults in lower-middle-income countries (LMICs) in Africa including Ghana. In light of...

    Authors: Robert Kaba Alhassan, Abdulai Abdul-Fatawu, Belinda Adzimah-Yeboah, Worlali Nyaledzigbor, Samuel Agana and Prudence Portia Mwini-Nyaledzigbor

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:120

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. There is no consensus on the essential parameters to monitor during childbirth, when to start, and the rate of monitoring them. User disagreement contributes to inconsistent use of the twelve-item modified Wor...

    Authors: Michael S. Balikuddembe, Nazarius M. Tumwesigye, Peter K. Wakholi and Thorkild Tylleskär

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:119

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. In the past decade, the negative impact of disrespectful maternity care on women’s utilisation and experiences of facility-based delivery has been well documented. Less is known about midwives’ perspectives on...

    Authors: Susan Bradley, Christine McCourt, Juliet Rayment and Divya Parmar

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:116

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  47. Evidence shows that the prevalence of risky sexual practice, drug abuse, and alcohol consumption behaviors in low and middle income countries such as Iran is not in a favorable condition. Preventive programs a...

    Authors: Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Mohammad Hossein Mehrolhassani, Farzaneh Zolala, AliAkbar Haghdoost and Nadia Oroomiei

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:115

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

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