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  1. In 2015, a quality improvement project of childbirth care called Adequate Childbirth Project (“Projeto Parto Adequado”- PPA) was implemented in Brazilian public and private hospitals, aiming to improve the qua...

    Authors: Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Paula Mendes Luz, Barbara Vasques da Silva Ayres, Jacqueline Alves Torres and Maria do Carmo Leal

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:93

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. During childbirth, complications may arise which necessitate an expedited delivery of the fetus. One option is instrumental assistance (forceps or a vacuum-cup), which, if used with skill and sensitivity, can ...

    Authors: Claire Feeley, Nicola Crossland, Ana Pila Betran, Andrew Weeks, Soo Downe and Carol Kingdon

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:92

    Content type: Review

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  3. A growing body of evidence indicates that some people seek options to terminate a pregnancy without medical assistance, but experiences doing so have largely been documented only among people accessing a clin...

    Authors: Sarah Raifman, Lauren Ralph, M. Antonia Biggs and Daniel Grossman

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:91

    Content type: Research

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  4. Short birth interval is associated with adverse perinatal, maternal, and infant outcomes, although evidence on actionable factors underlying short birth interval remains limited. We explored women and communit...

    Authors: Loubna Belaid, Pamela Atim, Emmanuel Ochola, Bruno Omara, Eunice Atim, Martin Ogwang, Pontius Bayo, Janet Oola, Isaac Wonyima Okello, Ivan Sarmiento, Laura Rojas-Rozo, Kate Zinszer, Christina Zarowsky and Neil Andersson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:88

    Content type: Research

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  5. Women have experienced labour pain over the years as various attempts have been made to effectively manage this pain. There is paucity of literature on the experiences and perceptions about labour pain managem...

    Authors: Kennedy Diema Konlan, Agani Afaya, Eugenia Mensah, Amos Nawunimali Suuk and Dahamata Issahaku Kombat

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:86

    Content type: Research

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  6. Despite Ethiopia's enormous effort in youth-friendly service provision, little was investigated about the challenges of accessing sexual and reproductive health services in Western Ethiopia. Thus, this study a...

    Authors: Temesgen Tilahun, Tariku Tesfaye Bekuma, Motuma Getachew and Assefa Seme

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:85

    Content type: Research

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  7. Youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services are thought to make such services for adolescents more accessible and acceptable; however, provider attitudes may still present an important barrier...

    Authors: Jewel Gausman, Areej Othman, Raeda Al-Qotob, Abeer Shaheen, Eman Abu Sabbah, Mohannad Aldiqs, Iqbal Hamad, Maysoon Dabobe and Ana Langer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:84

    Content type: Research

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  8. Kenya continues to have a high maternal mortality rate that is showing slow progress in improving. Peri-urban settings in Kenya have been reported to exhibit higher rates of maternal death during labor and chi...

    Authors: Jackline Oluoch-Aridi, Patience. A. Afulani, Danice. B. Guzman, Cindy Makanga and Laura Miller-Graff

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:83

    Content type: Research

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  9. Supportive male involvement is strongly correlated with contraceptive use. In Rwanda, where the contraceptive prevalence rate among married women increased from 17 to 52% from 2005 to 2010, and stagnated at 53...

    Authors: Hilary Schwandt, Angel Boulware, Julia Corey, Ana Herrera, Ethan Hudler, Claudette Imbabazi, Ilia King, Jessica Linus, Innocent Manzi, Madelyn Merritt, Lyn Mezier, Abigail Miller, Haley Morris, Dieudonne Musemakweli, Uwase Musekura, Divine Mutuyimana…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:82

    Content type: Research

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  10. Migration and involuntary displacement of children and young people have recently become common features of many African countries due to widespread poverty, rapid urbanization, joblessness, and instability th...

    Authors: Stephen Owusu Kwankye, Solina Richter, Philomina Okeke-Ihejirika, Hayat Gomma, Pamela Obegu and Bukola Salami

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:81

    Content type: Review

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  11. This article challenges the “tyranny of P-value” and promote more valuable and applicable interpretations of the results of research on health care delivery. We provide here solid arguments to retire statistic...

    Authors: Agustín Ciapponi, José M. Belizán, Gilda Piaggio and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:80

    Content type: Editorial

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  12. No Canadian studies to date have examined the experiences of people who decline aspects of care during pregnancy and birth. The current analysis bridges this gap by describing comments from 1123 people in Brit...

    Authors: Kathrin Stoll, Jessie J. Wang, Paulomi Niles, Lindsay Wells and Saraswathi Vedam

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:79

    Content type: Research

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  13. Preconception care is the provision of biomedical, behavioural, and social health interventions provided to women and couples before conception. However, in Ethiopia, little is known and practised to support p...

    Authors: Alemu Degu Ayele, Habtamu Gebrehana Belay, Bekalu Getnet Kassa and Mulugeta Dile Worke

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:78

    Content type: Review

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  14. There has been increasing recognition that certain vulnerable populations in the United States of America struggle to meet their menstruation-related needs, including people experiencing homelessness. Media an...

    Authors: Caitlin Gruer, Kim Hopper, Rachel Clark Smith, Erin Kelly, Andrew Maroko and Marni Sommer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:77

    Content type: Research

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  15. To evaluate the effects of the implementation of a postabortion care (PAC) strategy in Kinshasa referral hospitals, this study analyzed the quality of postabortion care services, including postabortion contrac...

    Authors: Daniel Katuashi Ishoso, Antoinette Tshefu, Thérèse Delvaux, Michèle Dramaix, Guy Mukumpuri and Yves Coppieters

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:76

    Content type: Research

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  16. Short birth intervals, defined by the World Health Organization as less than 33 months, may damage the health and wellbeing of children, mothers, and their families. People in northern Nigeria recognise many a...

    Authors: Ivan Sarmiento, Umaira Ansari, Khalid Omer, Yagana Gidado, Muhammad Chadi Baba, Adamu Ibrahim Gamawa, Neil Andersson and Anne Cockcroft

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:74

    Content type: Research

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  17. For couples affected by HIV, and serodifferent couples in particular, pregnancy desire is often juxtaposed against the risk of HIV transmission between the couple and the potential neonate leading to thinking ...

    Authors: Yasaman Zia, Jennifer Velloza, Lynda Oluoch, Richard Momanyi, Sarah Mbugua, John Njoroge, Stephen Gakuo, Edwin Mugo, Nicholas Thuo, Catherine Kiptinness, Njambi Njuguna, Kenneth Ngure, Nelly R. Mugo and Renee Heffron

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:73

    Content type: Research

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  18. Reproductive health changes can occur following infection with Human papillomavirus. HPV is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection causing a variety of clinical manifestations ranging from warts to ...

    Authors: Kowsar Qaderi, Seyedeh Tahereh Mirmolaei, Mehrnaz Geranmayeh, Farnaz Farnam and Shahrzad Sheikh Hasani

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:72

    Content type: Research

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  19. Adolescent pregnancy is a risk factor for suicide. We aimed to assess the prevalence of suicide attempts among young women with adolescent pregnancy in Bangladesh and to explore its associated factors.

    Authors: Jie Li, Syeda Zerin Imam, Zhengyue Jing, Yi Wang and Chengchao Zhou

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:71

    Content type: Research

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  20. In Cameroon, maternal deaths remain high. The high maternal deaths in the country have been attributed to the low utilization of maternal healthcare services, including skilled birth attendance. This study exa...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Betregiorgis Zegeye, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Nicholas Kofi Adjei and Gebretsadik Shibre

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:70

    Content type: Research

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  21. In Bangladesh, abortion is illegal except to save a woman’s life, though menstrual regulation (MR) is permitted. MR involves the use of manual uterine aspiration or Misoprostol (with or without Mifepristone) t...

    Authors: Bonnie Crouthamel, Erin Pearson, Sarah Tilford, Samantha Hurst, Dipika Paul, Fahima Aqtar, Jay Silverman and Sarah Averbach

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:69

    Content type: Research

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  22. The Guttmacher-Lancet Commission report on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights called for the acceleration of progress to achieve SRHR that is essential for sustainable development. To integrate the esse...

    Authors: Angela Dawson, Alec Ekeroma, Donald Wilson, Amanda Noovao-Hill, Leeanne Panisi, Brooke Takala, Kirsten Black and Deborah Bateson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:68

    Content type: Commentary

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  23. Efforts are underway to develop an easy-to-use contraceptive microarray patch (MAP) that could expand the range of self-administrable methods. This paper presents results from a discrete choice experiment (DCE...

    Authors: Rebecca L. Callahan, Aurélie Brunie, Victoria Lebrun, Mario Chen, Christine L. Godwin, Kanchan Lakhwani and Funmilola M. OlaOlorun

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:67

    Content type: Research

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  24. The partograph is the most commonly used labour monitoring tool in the world. However, it has been used incorrectly or inconsistently in many settings. In 2018, a WHO expert group reviewed and revised the desi...

    Authors: Veronica Pingray, Mercedes Bonet, Mabel Berrueta, Agustina Mazzoni, María Belizán, Netanya Keil, Joshua Vogel, Fernando Althabe and Olufemi T. Oladapo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:66

    Content type: Research

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  25. Western China has undergone substantial sociodemographic change, yet little is known about the health status of ethnic minority populations living in these areas.

    Authors: Jessica D. Gipson, Corrina Moucheraud, Kunchok Gyaltsen, Lumo Tsering, Tabashir Z. Nobari and Lhusham Gyal

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:63

    Content type: Research

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  26. Married adolescent girls are vulnerable to risky sexual and reproductive health outcomes. We examined the association of fertility pressure from in-laws’ early in marriage with contraceptive use ever, parity, ...

    Authors: Anvita Dixit, Nandita Bhan, Tarik Benmarhnia, Elizabeth Reed, Susan M. Kiene, Jay Silverman and Anita Raj

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:60

    Content type: Research

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  27. The Canadian national identity is often understood as what it is not; American. Inundation with American history, news, and culture around race and racism imbues Canadians with a false impression of egalitaria...

    Authors: Ieman M. El-Mowafi, Abdiasis Yalahow, Dina Idriss-Wheeler and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:59

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  28. Women and girls are disproportionately affected in times of conflict and forced displacement, with disturbance in access to healthcare services leading to poor sexual and reproductive health outcomes. The mini...

    Authors: Dana Nabulsi, Maya Abou Saad, Hussein Ismail, Myrna A. A. Doumit, Fatima El-Jamil, Loulou Kobeissi and Fouad M. Fouad

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:58

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  29. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Fiona Theunissen, Isotta Cleps, Shivaprasad Goudar, Zahida Qureshi, Olorunfemi Oludele Owa, Kidza Mugerwa, Gilda Piaggio, A. Metin Gülmezoglu, Miriam Nakalembe, Josaphat Byamugisha, Alfred Osoti, Sura Mandeep, Teko Poriot, George Gwako, Sunil Vernekar and Mariana Widmer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:57

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:18

  30. Uganda has one of the highest adolescent pregnancy rates in sub-Saharan Africa. We compared the risk of adverse birth outcomes between adolescents (age 12–19 years) and mothers (age 20–34 years) in four urban ...

    Authors: Robert Serunjogi, Linda Barlow-Mosha, Daniel Mumpe-Mwanja, Dhelia Williamson, Diana Valencia, Sarah C. Tinker, Michelle R. Adler, Joyce Namale-Matovu, Dennis Kalibbala, Jolly Nankunda, Evelyn Nabunya, Doreen Birabwa-Male, Josaphat Byamugisha and Philippa Musoke

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:56

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Persistent challenges in meeting reproductive health and family planning goals underscore the value in determining what factors can be leveraged to facilitate modern contraceptive use, especially in poor acces...

    Authors: Caroline Whidden, Youssouf Keita, Emily Treleaven, Jessica Beckerman, Ari Johnson, Aminata Cissé, Jenny Liu and Kassoum Kayentao

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:55

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Sexual problems of intellectually disabled adolescents are associated with their inability to understand sexuality. Given the important role of parents in forming the attitude of their adolescents towards sexu...

    Authors: Shadi Goli, Mahnaz Noroozi and Mehrdad Salehi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:54

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Approximately 2.6 million babies are stillborn each year globally, of which 98% occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). A 2019 individual participant data meta-analysis of 6 studies from high-income...

    Authors: Shania K. Rossiter, Samia Aziz, Alyce N. Wilson, Liz Comrie-Thomson, Tomasina Stacey, Caroline S. E. Homer and Joshua P. Vogel

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:53

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  34. The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM/C) in traditional African societies is grounded in traditions of patriarchy that subjugate women. It is widely assumed that approaches to eradicating the practice...

    Authors: Patricia Akweongo, Elizabeth F. Jackson, Shirley Appiah-Yeboah, Evelyn Sakeah and James F. Phillips

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:52

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. We aim to assess competencies (knowledge, skills and attitudes) of midwifery care providers as well as their experiences and perceptions of in-service training in the four study countries; Benin, Malawi, Tanza...

    Authors: Ann-Beth Moller, Joanne Welsh, Mechthild M. Gross, Max Petzold, Elizabeth Ayebare, Effie Chipeta, Hashim Hounkpatin, Bianca Kandeya, Beatrice Mwilike, Antoinette Sognonvi and Claudia Hanson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:50

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  36. Both inpatient and outpatient providers may be at increased risk of stress, anxiety and depression from their roles as health providers during the COVID-19 epidemic. This study explores how the US COVID-19 epi...

    Authors: Alison B. Comfort, Paul J. Krezanoski, Lavanya Rao, Alison El Ayadi, Alexander C. Tsai, Suzan Goodman and Cynthia C. Harper

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:49

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Contraceptive use among adolescent girls is low in many sub-Saharan African countries including Kenya. Attitude and perspectives about contraception of community members including adolescent girls themselves m...

    Authors: Jefferson Mwaisaka, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Ramatou Ouedraogo, Clement Oduor, Helen Habib, Joan Njagi and Martin W. Bangha

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:48

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Integrating family planning into child immunization services may address unmet need for contraception by offering family planning information and services to postpartum women during routine child immunization ...

    Authors: Kate L. Sheahan, Jennifer Orgill-Meyer, Ilene S. Speizer, Siân Curtis, John Paul, Morris Weinberger and Antonia V. Bennett

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides a framework (ICD-MM) to classify pregnancy-related deaths systematically, which enables global comparison among countries. We compared the classification of pregnan...

    Authors: Lachmi R. Kodan, Kim J. C. Verschueren, Affette M. McCaw-Binns, Ray Tjon Kon Fat, Joyce L. Browne, Marcus J. Rijken and Kitty W. M. Bloemenkamp

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:46

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Pelvic organ prolapse remains the public health challenge globally. Existing evidences report the effect of woman’s weight on the pelvic organ prolapse inconsistently and this urges the need of pooled body wei...

    Authors: Chernet Baye Zenebe, Wagaye Fentahun Chanie, Aster Berhe Aregawi, Tamiru Minwuye Andargie and Muhabaw Shumye Mihret

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:45

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  41. Prior studies have shown that contraceptive use reduces maternal mortality independently of other maternal health services. The present study took advantage of geographically detailed Indonesian data to study ...

    Authors: Riznawaty Imma Aryanty, NohanArum Romadlona, Besral Besral, Elvi Debora P. Panggabean, Budi Utomo, Richard Makalew and Robert J. Magnani

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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