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Table 5 Multivariate models including education, parity, urban status, and wealth as correlates of facility delivery

From: Drivers and deterrents of facility delivery in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

  Aremu et al., 2011 - Nigeria Babalola et al., 2009 - Nigeria Hong et al., 2011 - Rwanda Letamo et al., 2003 - Botswana Magadi et al., 2000 - Kenya Smith, Sulzbach, 2008 - Mali Smith, Sulzbach, 2008 - Ghana Stephenson et al., 2006-Malawi Stephenson et al., 2006 - Kenya Stephenson et al., 2006 - Tanz. Stephenson et al., 2006 - B. Faso Stephenson et al., 2006 - Ghana Stephenson et al., 2006 - I. Coast
Maternal age *    *   * ns * * * * * *
Age at last birth   ns *           
Maternal education * * * * * ns ns * * * * * *
Partner's education *             
Age x parity interaction     *          
Parity / birth order * ns * * * ns ns * * ns ns * *
Marital status     *     * * ns ns ns *
Maternal occupation *   *           
Religion       ns ns ns * * ns * ns
Ethnicity   *    * ns ns       
Region ns ns ns   *         
Rural / urban ns * * * * ns * * ns *   *  
Insurance *   *    * ns       
Household wealth / SES * * * * * ns * * * * * * *
Neighborhood SES / slum residence *             
Pregnancy intendedness      *         
Attitude toward family planning   ns       * * * ns ns ns
Exposure to family planning info         * * * * * ns
History of newborn death       ns ns       
Ideal family size   ns            
Prevalence of small family norm   *       * ns ns ns * ns
Media saturation   *            
Ever used modern contraception      *         
Previous hospital delivery         * * * * * *
Number of antenatal care visits      *    * * * * * *
Location / distance to nearest facility      *         
Percent of women w/secondary + education         * * ns * * ns
Rainfall category of Primary Sampling Unit (PSU)         ns * ns ns ns ns
Percent of women in PSU w/1+ prior FBD         * ns * * * *
Total # of variables in model 10 11 8 7 10 9 9 15 15 15 14 15 14
  1. *p<0.05.