Skip to main content

Table 3 Maternal characteristics and antenatal care provision (2010-2013) in the NICHD Global Network’s Maternal Newborn Health Registry site in Thatta, Pakistan compared with sites in India, Africa and Latin America

From: Maternal and newborn outcomes in Pakistan compared to other low and middle income countries in the Global Network’s Maternal Newborn Health Registry: an active, community-based, pregnancy surveillance mechanism

  Pakistan India Africa Latin America Total except Pakistan
Sites Thatta, Sindh Nagpur, Maharashtra
Belgaum, Karnataka
Kafue/Chongwe, Zambia
Western Province, Kenya
Chimaltenango, Guatemala
Corrientes, Argentina
 
Deliveries, N* 48,273 118,889 63,259 39,289 221,437
Maternal age, N (%)      
< 20 1,854 (3.9) 8,389 (7.1) 14,745 (23.3) 7,479 (19.1) 30,613 (13.8)
20-35 43,563 (90.6) 110,149 (92.7) 44,725 (70.8) 27,891 (71.1) 182,765 (82.6)
> 35 2,682 (5.6) 245 (0.2) 3,684 (5.8) 3,867 (9.9) 7,796 (3.5)
Maternal education, N (%)      
No formal education 39,972 (83.2) 17,596 (14.9) 3,960 (6.3) 5,954 (15.2) 27,510 (12.5)
Primary 3,651 (7.6) 33,058 (28.0) 40,498 (64.3) 24,659 (63.0) 98,215 (44.6)
Secondary 2,818 (5.9) 52,423 (44.3) 16,787 (26.6) 8,102 (20.7) 77,312 (35.1)
University or higher 1,629 (3.4) 15,150 (12.8) 1,783 (2.8) 444 (1.1) 17,377 (7.9)
Parity, N (%)      
0 10,027 (20.8) 52,708 (44.5) 16,401 (26.0) 11,417 (29.1) 80,526 (36.5)
1-2 15,409 (32.0) 59,356 (50.1) 24,088 (38.1) 14,336 (36.6) 97,780 (44.3)
3-4 10,535 (21.9) 5,805 (4.9) 14,105 (22.3) 6,723 (17.1) 26,633 (12.1)
> 4 12,171 (25.3) 516 (0.4) 8,582 (13.6) 6,736 (17.2) 15,834 (7.2)
Parity, Mean (n, std) 3.0 (48,142, 2.8) 0.8 (118,385, 0.9) 2.1 (63,176, 2.0) 2.3 (39,212, 2.5) 1.5 (220,773, 1.8)
BMI**, Mean (n, std) 21.0 (47,992, 3.6) 20.0 (113,192, 2.8) 23.3 (27,476, 3.3) 26.5 (19,541, 4.2) 21.4 (160,209, 3.9)
Maternal height, cm, Mean (n, std) 154.5 (48024, 5.7) 151.8 (113574, 5.5) 158.4 (27544, 6.4) 150.8 (25473, 7.9) 152.7 (166591, 6.6)
ANC visits, N (%)      
0 3,139 (11.2) 32 (0.1) 357 (1.1) 463 (1.9) 852 (0.7)
1-2 12,946 (46.0) 4,902 (8.0) 6,879 (21.7) 2,491 (10.3) 14,272 (12.2)
≥ 3 12,064 (42.9) 56,174 (91.9) 24,393 (77.1) 21,316 (87.8) 101,883 (87.1)
Tetanus toxoid vaccine, N (%) 25,074 (52.0) 118,561 (99.8) 58,503 (92.5) 28,436 (72.9) 205,500 (93.0)
Vitamins/Iron, N (%) 31,533 (65.4) 118,087 (99.5) 60,159 (95.1) 35,152 (89.9) 213,398 (96.6)
  1. *Numbers less than the total reflect missing data **BMI data unavailable for Kenya site