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Table 4 Outcomes for OL/PL/FTP by Delivery Mode, 2010-2013

From: A prospective population-based study of maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes in the setting of prolonged labor, obstructed labor and failure to progress in low- and middle-income countries

  OL/PL/FTP No OL/PL/FTP RR (95% CI)
42 day maternal mortality, n/N (Rate/100,000 women)    
Vaginal 31/11,937 (260) 181/216,366 (84) 3.0 (2.0, 4.5)
Operative Vaginal 4/1,916 (209) 9/2,170 (415) 0.5 (0.2, 1.4)
Cesarean Section 35/15,414 (227) 35/16,979 (206) 1.0 (0.6, 1.6)
Maternal infection, n/N (%)    
Vaginal 137/11,894 (1.2) 1,177/215,055 (0.5) 1.6 (1.3, 2.1)
Operative Vaginal 33/1,909 (1.7) 60/2,159 (2.8) 1.4 (0.9, 2.2)
Cesarean Section 239/15,299 (1.6) 108/16,871 (0.6) 1.1 (1.0, 1.4)
Antepartum hemorrhage, n/N (%)    
Vaginal 893/12,014 (7.4) 2,534/217,366 (1.2) 4.7 (3.4, 6.7)
Operative Vaginal 163/1,932 (8.4) 103/2,194 (4.7) 1.5 (1.1, 2.2)
Cesarean Section 380/15,470 (2.5) 521/17,057 (3.1) 0.6 (0.5, 0.7)
Postpartum hemorrhage, n/N (%)    
Vaginal 1,380/12,010 (11.5) 3,563/217,353 (1.6) 3.9 (2.7, 5.6)
Operative Vaginal 150/1,931 (7.8) 94/2,194 (4.3) 2.0 (1.5, 2.7)
Cesarean Section 161/15,459 (1.0) 153/17,052 (0.9) 1.2 (0.9, 1.4)
Stillbirths, n/N (Rate/1,000)    
Vaginal 989/12,020 (82.3) 5,099/217,377 (23.5) 3.3 (2.8, 3.9)
Operative Vaginal 134/1,931 (69.4) 144/2,194 (65.6) 1.1 (0.8, 1.5)
Cesarean Section 252/15,488 (16.3) 265/17,060 (15.5) 0.9 (0.8, 1.1)
Neonatal mortality < 28 days, n/N (Rate/1,000)    
Vaginal 731/10,951 (66.8) 4,292/211,303 (20.3) 3.0 (2.5, 3.6)
Operative Vaginal 112/1,783 (62.8) 91/2,027 (44.9) 1.4 (1.0, 2.0)
Cesarean Section 391/15,169 (25.8) 421/16,711 (25.2) 0.9 (0.7, 1.0)
Neonatal infection, n/N (%)    
Vaginal 1,618/10,942 (14.8) 13,173/211,268 (6.2) 1.4 (1.2, 1.6)
Operative Vaginal 398/1,783 (22.3) 313/2,027 (15.4) 1.1 (0.9, 1.5)
Cesarean Section 1,064/15,165 (7.0) 745/16,698 (4.5) 1.1 (1.0, 1.1)