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Table 4 Characteristics of the studies included in the data synthesis

From: Limits to modern contraceptive use among young women in developing countries: a systematic review of qualitative research

Study Author (date) Aim Sample size Sample characteristics Context/setting Data collection
Castle (2003) To investigate the belief that hormonal contraceptives lead to long-term sterility 75 (+ 8 health professionals) 39 female, 36 male
Most aged 15–19 years*
Most educated (14 of 52 clients/non-clients had no formal education)
Most sexually active*
Most unmarried*
Bamako and Sikasso, Mali
Mix of clients of peer education programme, peer educators, and non-clients from same areas
Individual interviews
Kiluvia & Tembele (1991) To learn about Tanzanians' opinions, knowledge and behaviour with respect to family planning and child spacing 141 in 16 focus group discussions (FGD) 63 male and 78 female
Aged 15–19 yrs
All participants had either some primary schooling or no schooling at all
Most not sexually active*
Most unmarried*
9 villages in 6 districts of Tanzania (Kisarawe, Mwanga, Dar es Salaam (urban), Sumbawanga, Dodoma, Songea)
(all but one rural)
Focus group discussions
Nguyen, Liamputtong & Murphy (2006) To examine young people's knowledge and practice of contraceptives 16 12 female, 4 male
Aged 15–24 years
Education – secondary (4), high school (5) and college/university (7)
Females – all unmarried & all sexually active
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Hospital based sample (had experienced abortion)
Individual interviews
Otoide, Oronsaye & Okonofua (2001) To examine attitudes and beliefs of abortion and contraception 149 in 20 FGD All female
Aged 15–24 years
Education – tertiary (23), secondary (79), primary/secondary (19), primary (7), none/primary (15), none (6)
116 sexually active
Marital status not reported
Benin City, Nigeria
Sample were selected from a range of areas of residence
Focus group discussions
Rasch et al (2000) To understand the experiences of adolescent girls with illegally induced abortion 51 All female
Aged 15–19 years
25 still in school (rest employed as house-girls, waitresses or engaged in petty trade)
All sexually active
All unmarried
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Hospital sample (pregnant and admitted to hospital with incomplete, induced abortion)
Individual interviews
Richter & Mlambo (2005) To explore and describe perceptions of teenage pregnancy 32 22 female, 10 male
Aged 13–19 years
Education not reported
Marital status not reported
At least 10 females sexually active* (sampled from ante/post-natal clinics)
Bushbuckridge district of Limpopo Province, South Africa
Sample from an antenatal clinic, a family planning clinic, a postnatal ward, and a Love-Life Youth Centre
Individual interviews
Wood & Jewkes (2006) To collect information to improve access to and quality of contraceptive services for adolescent girls 35 (interviews) & 5 FGD (+ 14 nurses – interviews & focus groups) All female
Aged 14–20 years
Education not reported
33 interviewees were sexually active†
All interviewees were unmarried†
Limpopo Province, South Africa
Sample from semi-rural areas surrounding the main town – recruited from clinic waiting rooms or schools*
Individual interviews and focus group discussions
  1. * Actual figures not reported.
  2. † Not reported for focus groups.