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Table 3 Factors influencing men's involvement in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV programme (N = 387).

From: Determinants of male involvement in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV programme in Eastern Uganda: a cross-sectional survey

Factor (Variable) Respondents with high involvement index
n/N (%)
Unadjusted Odds Ratio
(95% CI)
Adjusted Odds Ratio
(95% CI)
Age (years)    
   19-29 37/146 (25) 1.0 1.0
   30+ 62/241 (26) 1.0 (0.6-1.6) 1.1 (0.6-1.8)
Education (years)    
   0-7 45/231 (20) 1.0 1.0
   8+ 54/156 (35) 2.2 (1.4-3.5)** 1.9 (1.1-3.3)*
Residence    
   Rural 65/250 (26) 1.0 1.0
   Urban 34/137 (25) 0.9 (0.6-1.5) 0.8 (0.5-1.5)
Religion    
   Muslim 43/193 (22) 1.0 1.0
   Christian 56/194 (29) 1.4 (0.9-2.2) 1.1 (0.6-1.9)
Occupation    
   Others 82/309 (26) 1.0 1.0
   Driver/Bodaboda cyclists 4/47 (08) 0.3 (0.1-0.7)* 0.3 (0.1-0.9)*
   Professional 13/31 (42) 2.0 (0.9-4.3) 1.1 (0.5-2.7)
Fears disclosure of HIV results to wife    
   No 78/252 (31) 1.0 1.0
   Yes 14/100 (14) 0.4 (0.2-0.7)** 0.4 (0.2-0.7)**
Knows his HIV sero-status    
   No 78/347 (22) 1.0 1.0
   Yes 21/40 (52) 3.8 (2.0-7.4)** 1.9 (0.9-4.4)
Ever heard of PMTCT    
   No 51/257 (20) 1.0 1.0
   Yes 48/130 (37) 2.4 (1.5-3.8)** 1.6 (0.9-2.7)
  1. I. * is 0.01 ≤ P ≤ 0.05 and ** is P < 0.01. II. The variables in the final multivariate logistic regression model were: age, education, place of residence, religion and occupation of the respondents; fears disclosure of HIV sero-status results to his wife, knows his sero-status and ever heard of PMTCT. III. The sample size was 387 men (analysed for male involvement index). IV. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; PMTCT, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV; HIV, Human immunodeficiency virus.