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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and antiretroviral treatment status of survey respondents (n = 199)

From: Impact of antiretroviral therapy on fertility desires among HIV-infected persons in rural Uganda

Variable N % Want More Children p-valuea
Sex    0.131
   Female 122 10.7  
   Male 77 18.2  
Marital status    0.870
   Married 109 12.8  
   Cohabiting 76 13.6  
Occupation    0.430
   Farmer/peasant 132 11.4  
   Businessperson 26 19.2  
   Other 41 17.1  
Education    0.583
   None 36 16.7  
   Lower Primary 61 11.5  
   Upper Primary 74 16.2  
   Secondary and above 28 7.1  
Dwelling qualityb    0.366
   Low 17 23.5  
   Medium 158 13.3  
   High 24 8.3  
Ownership of Radio    0.918
   No 50 14.0  
   Yes 149 13.4  
Ownership of Bicycle    0.718
   No 134 14.2  
   Yes 65 12.3  
Ownership of Animals    0.182
   No 87 17.2  
   Yes 112 10.7  
Religious affiliation    0.911
   Catholic 92 12.0  
   Protestant 76 15.6  
   Muslim 8 12.5  
   Other 23 13.0  
Ethnic group    0.043
   Mutooro 112 8.9  
   Mukiga 56 16.1  
   Other 31 25.8  
ARV treatment    0.131
   No 122 10.7  
   Yes 77 18.2  
  Desire for More Children  
  Yes (n = 27) No (n = 172)  
Age in yearsc, Mean ± SD 29.0 ± 5.8 35.0 ± 5.6 <0.001d
Number of pregnancies, Mean ± SD 3.0 ± 1.8 5.2 ± 2.7 < 0.001d
Number of living children, Mean ± SD 1.9 ± 1.3 4.3 ± 2.5 < 0.001d
Number of non-bio children, Mean ± SD 1.0 ± 1.1 1.3 ± 1.2 0.163d
  1. a The p-values are based on chi-square test unless otherwise specified.
  2. b Dwelling quality variable was divided into three categories as low, medium and high based on the house floor, wall and roof structure (low: mud floor, mud/thatched walls and grass/thatched roof; medium: mud floor, mud/thatched walls and metal roof; high: cement/concrete/wood floor, walls of permanent materials and metal roof or any two out of three (i.e., floor, walls and roof) of this structure).
  3. c The percentage who wants more children for age group 18-24, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39 and 40-44 years is 42, 30, 18, 4 and 4, respectively.
  4. d Two independent sample t-test p-value.