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Table 4 Association of socio demographic profile and availing ANC

From: Ante natal care (ANC) utilization, dietary practices and nutritional outcomes in pregnant and recently delivered women in urban slums of Delhi, India: an exploratory cross-sectional study

Characteristics Availed ANC (n = 274) Did not avail ANC (n = 70) Crude OR (95% CI), p value Adjusted OR* (95% CI), p value
Family size 5.5 (2.70) 5.3 (2.65) 1.03 (0.93, 1.14) 1 (0.87, 1.14)
    0.47 0.98
Socio-economic Scale (SES) of HH**     
  Poorest 71 (26.01) 38 (53.52) 1 1
  Middle 82 (30.04) 16 (22.54) 2.74 (1.41,,5.33) 2.29 (0.98, 4.62)
  Richest 120 (44.1) 17 (22.94) 3.77 (1.98, 7.18) 2.13 (0.40, 2.1)
    0.001 0.039
Nuclear family 173 (63.4) 52 (73.24) 0.63 (0.35, 1.13) 1.21 (0.58,2.55)
    0.12 0.6
Non-Muslim 73 (26.74) 17 (23.94) 1.16 (0.63, 2.12)0.63 1.1 (0.54, 2.26)
     0.77
Schooling of Head of Household 107 (39.2) 20 (28.2) 1.64 (0.92, 2.91) 1.23 (0.62, 2.4)
    0.08 0.54
Schooling of the woman 150 (55) 18 (25.35) 3.59 (2, 6.45) 2.15 (1.10,4.18)
    <0.001 0.016
Belong to Delhi 124 (45.42) 23 (32.4) 1.73 (1.001, 3.01) 1.23 (0.67, 2.3)
    0.046 0.49
Longer duration of stay in the locality (>5 years) 221 (81) 42 (59.2) 2.94 (1.67, 5.14) 2 (1.06, 3.77)
<0.001 0.032
Age at marriage (%) >18 years 241 (88.28) 56 (78.9) 2.02 (1.02 3.97) 1.65 (0.78, 3.52)
    0.043 0.18
First pregnancy /child 95 (34.8) 10 (14.1) 3.26 (1.59, 6.64) 2.58 (1.19, 5.58)
    0.0004 0.016
  1. *Adjusted using multiple logistic regression method; **The SES scale is a composite of house type, floor, house ownership, separate kitchen, TV, Refrigerator, mobile phone, washing machine, total HH income, number of rooms by principal component analysis.