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Table 2 Association between modern contraceptive use and background characteristics of migrant and non-migrant women 15–49 years in Kenya

From: Modern contraceptive use among migrant and non-migrant women in Kenya

Characteristics Odds ratio 95 % CI
Migration stream [Non-migrant rural]
 Non-migrant urban 2.807*** [1.82–4.33]
 Urban-urban 1.994*** [1.37–2.91]
 Urban-rural 2.009*** [1.52–2.66]
 Rural–urban 2.563*** [1.96–3.35]
 Rural-rural 1.734*** [1.43–2.11]
Socio-demographic factors   
Age [15–24 years]
 25–34 2.176*** [1.76–2.69]
 35–54 1.219 [0.99–1.51]
Marital status [Formerly married]
 Never married 0.700* [0.51–0.97]
 Currently married 2.365*** [1.84–3.03]
Living children [None]
 1–2 3.194*** [2.38–4.28]
 3–5′ 3.711*** [2.72–5.06]
 6+ 1.389 [0.98–1.96]
Religion [Catholic]
 Protestant 1.037 [0.85–1.26]
 Muslim/Other 0.391*** [0.26–0.59]
Fertility preference [Want another child]
 Undecided 1.186 [0.70–2.01]
 Want no more 1.495*** [1.27–1.76]
Region [Nairobi]
 Central 1.485* [1.08–2.04]
 Coast 0.601* [0.39–0.92]
 Eastern 0.852 [0.62–1.17]
 Nyanza 0.544*** [0.41–0.72]
 Rift valley 0.553*** [0.40–0.76]
 Western 0.689** [0.52–0.91]
 North Eastern 0.055*** [0.02–0.17]
Marital duration [20 and more years]
 Never married 0.579*** [0.44–0.76]
 0–9 years 2.055*** [1.64–2.58]
 10–24 years 1.932*** [1.56–2.39]
Socio-economic factors   
Education [None]
 Primary 4.601*** [3.02–7.01]
 Secondary/Higher 6.588*** [4.24–10.25]
Wealth index [Low]
 Medium 2.345*** [1.84–2.99]
 High 2.759*** [2.26–3.37]
Occupation [Not working]
 Professional/technical/manager/clerical/sales/service 2.027*** [1.72–2.40]
 Agri-employee/household domestic/manual 1.485*** [1.24–1.77]
Heard FP on media [No]
 Yes 2.658*** [2.25–3.14]
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001; CI - Confidence interval - 95 %