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Table 1 Prevalence of maternal, hospital and child characteristics, Brazil, 2011

From: The baby-friendly hospital initiative and breastfeeding at birth in Brazil: a cross sectional study

Variable/categories Numbera Percentb 99 % CIb
Maternal age
 12–19 years 4170 18.8 17.7–20.1
 20–34 years 15454 70.9 69.7–72.1
 35 years or more 2232 10.2 9.4–11.1
 Missing 5   
Skin color/Racec
 White 7486 34.3 31.9–36.9
 Black 1835 8.4 7.3–9.7
 Brown 12150 55.7 53.3–58.2
 Yellow 233 1.1 0.8–1.5
 Indigenous 91 0.4 0.2–0.7
 Missing 4   
Maternal years of schoolingd
  < = 7 5572 25.7 23.8–27.7
 8 to 10 5566 25.7 24.4–27.0
 11 to 14 88556 39.4 37.1–41.8
 15 or more 2001 9.2 7.8–10.9
 Missing 103   
Maternal work
 No 12885 59.1 57.4–60.8
 Yes 8913 40.9 39.2–42.6
 Missing 1   
Marital status at delivery
 Without companion/spouse 3984 18.3 17.2–19.4
 With companion/spouse 17808 81.7 80.6–82.8
 Missing 6   
Parity
 Primiparous 11618 53.3 52.0–54.6
 Multiparous 10180 46.7 45.4–48.0
 Missing 1   
Brazilian region of residence
 North 2106 9.7 8.6–10.9
 Northeast 6160 28.3 26.0–30.6
 Southeast 9318 42.7 39.7–45.8
 South 2775 12.7 11.5–14.0
 Middle West 1440 6.6 5.5–7.9
 Missing 0   
Intended pregnancy
 Yes 9619 44.4 43.0–45.8
 Did not intend to get pregnant now 5619 25.9 24.7–27.2
 Not at all 6420 29.6 28.2–31.1
 Missing 140   
Funding of prenatal care
 No prenatal care 233 1.1 0,8–1.4
 Public 15065 69.3 67.1–71.4
 Mixed 825 3.8 3.3–4.4
 Private 5626 25.9 24.0–27-9
 Missing 49   
Information about breastfeeding at prenatal care
 No prenatal care 233 1.1 0.8–1.4
 Yes 13848 35.0 33.1–36.9
 No 7624 63.5 61.6–65.4
 Missing 93   
Smoking during pregnancy
 No 19712 90.5 89.6–91.3
 Yes, part of pregnancy 607 2.8 2.4–3.3
 Yes, whole pregnancy 1467 6.7 6.1–7.4
 Missing 13   
Hospital funding
 Public 17272 79.2 77.2–81.1
 Private 4527 20.8 18.9–22.8
 Missing 0   
Baby-Friendly Hospitale
 Yes 7159 32.8 25.7–40.9
 In process 1571 7.2 3.7–13.5
 No 13068 60.0 51.9–67.5
 Missing 0   
Companion at hospital
 None 5201 23.9 20.0–28.2
 Part time companion 12171 55.9 51.3–60.3
 Full time companion 4418 20.3 16.5–24.6
 Missing 8   
Type of delivery
 Normal 10249 47.0 44.0–50.0
 Forceps 312 1.4 0.9–2.3
 Intrapartum caesarean 1766 8.1 6.9–9.4
 Antepartum caesarean 9472 43.5 40.9–46.1
 Missing 0   
Gestational age
 32 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks 1905 8.7 7.7–10.0
 37 0/7 or more 19894 91.3 90.0–92.3
 Missing 0   
Birth weight
 2500 g or more 20181 93.4 92.5–94.2
 1500–2499 g 1422 6.6 5.8–7.5
 Missing 195   
  1. aFinal valid sample of selected mother-child that answered the ‘Birth in Brazil’ questionnaire in 2011, unweighted cases
  2. bFinal valid sample prevalence and 99 % Confidence Interval (99 % CI), considering the complex sample design
  3. cSelf-reported skin color/race, according to Brazilian classification based on ‘Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística’definitions, 2010
  4. dBased on ‘Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística’definitions, 2010
  5. eBased on hospital manager information