Skip to main content

Table 4 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios of anal sphincter tear among women with FGM Type 3 by episiotomy type

From: Episiotomy and obstetric outcomes among women living with type 3 female genital mutilation: a secondary analysis

  Model 1: Unadjusted odds ratios (95 % CI) Model 2: Adjusted odds ratio (95 % CI)
Episiotomy type
 None (comparison) 1.00 1.00
 Anterior 0.11 (0.05–0.25)*** 0.15 (0.06–0.40)***
 Posterior lateral 0.72 (0.48–1.07) 0.68 (0.50–0.94)*
 Anterior & Posterior lateral 0.18 (0.11–0.31)*** 0.21 (0.12–0.36)***
 Other 0.73 (0.09–5.87) 0.62 (0.04–6.4)
Obstetric characteristics
 Parity -- 0.64 (0.40–1.02)
 Pelvic introitus -- 1.19 (0.89–1.60)
Demographic characteristics
 Age -- 0.98 (0.94–1.02)
 Education -- 0.96 (0.73–1.26)
 SES -- 0.71 (0.30–1.67)
  1. ***p ≤ 0.001, **p ≤ 0.01 ***p ≤ 0.05
  2. Adjusted for clustering at the centre level (n = 28)
  3. Note: Pelvic introitus assessed by fingerbreadths