Skip to main content

Table 2 Maternal and neonatal characteristics of three different management groups for WHOGS and WHOMCS databases

From: Management of pregnancy at and beyond 41 completed weeks of gestation in low-risk women: a secondary analysis of two WHO multi-country surveys on maternal and newborn health

Variables WHOGS (N = 16,148)
Different management groups
P value WHOMCS (N = 16,855)
Different management groups
P value
IOL
(N = 2119)
n (%)
ECS
(N = 691)
n (%)
EM
(N = 13,338)
n (%)
IOL
(N = 2213)
n (%)
ECS
(N = 1260)
n (%)
EM
(N = 13,382)
n (%)
Maternal characteristics
 Age (Years)
   ≤ 19 168 (7.9) 53 (7.7) 1578 (11.8) < 0.001 222 (10.0) 104 (8.3) 1532 (11.5) 0.003
  20–34 1786 (84.3) 571 (82.6) 10,623 (79.7) 1801 (81.4) 1035 (82.1) 10,606 (79.3)
   ≥ 35 165 (7.8) 67 (9.7) 1137 (8.5) 190 (8.6) 121 (9.6) 1244 (9.3)
 Education (School years)
   < 7 412 (20.0) 119 (17.3) 3218 (24.3) < 0.001 290 (13.1) 195 (15.4) 2854 (21.3) < 0.001
  7–12 1173 (56.9) 409 (59.4) 7842 (59.3) 1151 (52.0) 728 (57.8) 7671 (57.3)
   > 12 476 (23.1) 161 (23.4) 2176 (16.4) 772 (34.9) 337 (26.8) 2857 (21.4)
 Marital
  With partner 1954 (92.3) 620 (90.0) 11,663 (87.5) < 0.001 1944 (87.8) 1119 (88.8) 11,812 (88.3) 0.692
  Without partner 164 (7.7) 69 (10.0) 1660 (12.5) 269 (12.2) 141 (11.2) 1570 (11.7)
 Parity
  Primiparous 1223 (57.7) 372 (53.8) 6353 (47.6) < 0.001 1304 (59.0) 797 (63.3) 6496 (48.6) < 0.001
  Multiparous 896 (42.3) 319 (46.2) 6985 (52.4) 908 (41.0) 462 (36.7) 6879 (51.4)
 Previous CS
  Yes 43 (2.0) 171 (24.7) 731 (5.5) < 0.001 75 (3.4) 259 (20.7) 879 (6.6) < 0.001
  No 2076 (98.0) 520 (75.3) 12,607 (94.5) 2135 (96.6) 993 (79.3) 12,480 (93.4)
Neonatal characteristics
 Birth weight
   < 2500 g 57 (2.7) 9 (1.3) 359 (2.7) < 0.001 71 (3.2) 33 (2.6) 448 (3.4) < 0.001
  2500–4000 g 1970 (93.0) 585 (84.7) 12,220 (91.6) 2017 (91.1) 1084 (86.0) 12,208 (91.2)
   > 4000 g 92 (4.3) 97 (14.0) 758 (5.7) 125 (5.7) 143(11.4) 726 (5.4)
  1. (IOL Induction of labour group, ECS Elective Caesarean section group, EM Expectant management group)