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Table 1 Descriptive review of RCT relevant studies on the effect of SMSon pregnant women’s health care services uptake

From: Does short message service improve focused antenatal care visit and skilled birth attendance? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials

Authors Country Participants Mhealth Interventions   Outcome Main finding
Experimental group Control Group
Jareethum et al. 2008 [57] Thailand Pregnant women / Size: Intervention: 32, Control: 29 Text messaging: twice weekly routine ANC and advice Maternal satisfaction Satisfaction scores of antenatal and perinatal periods were significantly higher in the study group compared to the control
Lund et al.,2012 [55] Zanzibar: Intervension;1311 Control;1239 Mobile phone text-message, twice a week routine ANC and advice Primary outcome: skilled attendance at delivery The mobile phone intervention significantly
Increased skilled delivery attendance among pregnant women (OR: 1.69(1.44–1.98)).
T.Fedha,2014 [64] Kenya Intervension:191 Control:206 reminded every fortnightly of the next visit to the clinic and given advice on pregnancy updates and advice Allowed to continue with routine clinics with no mobile advice or updates support Primary outcome: FANC
Secondary outcome: skilled birth attendance
mobile telephone service for pregnant mother enhance maternal health care ANC visits (OR: 2.89(1.51–5.53))and skilled birth attendance(OR: 2.73(1.60–4.65))
Lau et al. 2014 [59] South Africa Size: Intervention: 102, Control: 104 Text messaging: staggered according to the week of pregnancy routine ANC and advice To compare the control and intervention group’s knowledge No statistically significant difference in score in any of the 9 questions between the intervention and control
Lund et al.,2014 [56] Zanzibar: Intervension;1311 Control;1239 Mobile phone text-message routine ANC and advice Primary outcome: FANC visits -secondary outcome: tetanus vaccination, other preventive services for malaria, etc. In the Intervention group 44% of the women received four or more antenatal care visits versus 31% in the control group.
Atnafu, 2017 [58] Ethiopia Size; Intervention: 1080, Control: 1080 SMS based mobile phone intervention in most of the selected MCH service indicators No SMS role of mobile phone SMS MCH outcomes The proportion of mothers receiving more than four ANC visits increased significantly (increased from 5.21% at baseline to 29.75%).
Bangal VB et al. 2017 [54] India Intervention: 200 Control: 200 Mobile phone calls, as reminders about next visit and text messages (SMS) Control group: women received routine ANC and advice as per hospital protocol. percentage of pregnant women coming for FANC, percentage of institutional delivery and postnatal check-ups. Mobile phone intervention significantly increased the percentage of women receiving the recommended four antenatal visits (OR:4.4(2.86–6.77)) and non-significant effect on SBA (OR: 1.33(0.68–259)).