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Table 2 Study Summary: Population, Context and Outcome Classifications

From: Prioritizing the sexual and reproductive health and rights of adolescent girls and young women within HIV treatment and care services in emergency settings: a girl-centered agenda

Study Citation Population Design Context Outcomes measured Addresses SRH and AGYW
O’Brien DP, Mills C, Hamel C, Ford N, Pottie K “Universal access: the benefits and challenges in bringing integrated HIV care to isolated and conflict affected populations in the Republic of Congo.” (2009) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Retrospective cohort Conflict Clinical outcomes of patients on ART SRH: no
AGYW: no
Loko Roka J, Van den Bergh R, Au S, De Plecker E, Zachariah R, Manzi M, Lambert V, Abi-Aad 1, Nanan-N’Zeth K, Nzuya S, Omba B, Shako C, MuishaBaroki D, Basimuoneye JP, Moke DA, Lampaert E, Masangu L, De Weggheleire A. “One size fits all? Standardised provision of care for survivors of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict areas in the Democratic Republic of Congo.” (2014) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Retrospective descriptive cohort Conflict/post-conflict High (> 95%) coverage rates of prophylaxes, with follow-up poor; low rates of treatment and/or vaccination completion SRH: yes
AGYW: yes
Atwood KA, Kennedy SB, Shamblen S, Tegli J, Garber S, Fahnbulleh PW, Korvah PM, Kolubah M, Mulbah-Kamara C, Fulton S “Impact of school-based HIV prevention program in post-conflict Liberia.” (2012) Youth Feasibility study using randomized control trial Post-conflict Knowledge, attitude and practice SRH: yes
AGYW: yes
Holt BY, Effler P, Brady W, Friday J, Belay E, Parker K, Toole M “Planning STI/HIV prevention among refugees and mobile populations: situation assessment of Sudanese refugees.” (2003) Adults Qualitative study Conflict Knowledge, attitudes and behaviours and HIV/STI prevalence SRH: yes
AGYW: no
Salami, O., A. Buzu, C. Nzeme “High Level of Adherence to HAART Among Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons on HAART in Western Equatorial. Region of Southern Sudan” (2010) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Cross-sectional study Conflict ART Adherence SRH: no
AGYW: no
Patel S, Schechter MT, Sewankambo NK, Atim S, Oboya C, Kiwanuka N, Spittal PM “Comparison of HIV-related vulnerabilities between former child soldiers and children never abducted by the LRA in Northern Uganda” (2013) Children Cross-sectional study Post-conflict HIV Prevalence SRH: yes
AGYW: no
Wilhelm-Solomon M “Challenges for antiretroviral provision in northern Uganda” (2010) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Commentary Conflict, post-conflict HIV service utilization SRH: no
AGYW: no
Yoder RB, Nyandiko WM, Vreeman RC, Ayaya SO, Gisore PO, Braitstein P, Wiehe SE. “Long-term impact of the Kenya post-election crisis on clinic attendance and medication adherence for HIV-infected children in western Kenya” (2012) Children < 14 Retrospective cohort Conflict, post-conflict ART Adherence SRH: no
AGYW: yes
Goodrich S, Ndege S, Kimaiyo S, Some H, Wachira J, Braitstein P, Sidle JE, Sitienei J, Owino R, Chesoli C, Gichunge C, Komen F, Ojwang C, Sang E, Siika A, Wools-Kaloustian K “Delivery of HIV care during the 2007 post-election crisis in Kenya: a case study analyzing the response of the Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) program” (2013) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Case study Post-conflict HIV service utilization SRH: no
AGYW: no
Bamrah S, Mbithi A, Mermin JH, Boo T,Bunnell RE, Sharif S, Cookson ST “The impact of post-election violence on HIV and other clinical services and on mental health-Kenya, 2008” (2012) Adults Descriptive study Conflict ART Adherence SRH: no
AGYW: no
Pyne-Mercier LD, John-Stewart GC, Richardson BA, Kagondu NL, Thiga J, Noshy H, Kist N, Chung MH “The consequences of post-election violence on antiretroviral HIV therapy in Kenya. AIDS Care” (2011) Adults Mixed methods retrospective review Post-conflict ART Adherence SRH: no
AGYW: no
Unge C, Södergård B, Thorson A, Ragnarsson A, Carter J, Ilako F, Waweru M, Ekström AM. “HIV treatment in times of civil strife: serious threats to antiretroviral drug access in the Kibera slum following the Kenyan elections” (2008) Unspecified ages Qualitative study Post-conflict HIV service utilization SRH: no
AGYW: no
Reid T, van Engelgem I, Telfer B, Manzi M “Lessons learned (programmatic) from MSF’s three primary health care centers, including HIV treatment and support services in Kibera slum” (2008) Unspecified ages Commentary Post-conflict HIV service utilization SRH: no
AGYW: no
Anthonj C, Nkongolo OT, Schmitz P, Hango JN, Kistemann T “The impact of flooding on people living with HIV: a case study from the Ohangwena Region, Namibia” (2015) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Qualitative study Natural disaster HIV service utilization SRH: no
AGYW: no
Noden BH, Pearson RJ, Gomes A “Age-specific mortality patterns in Central Mozambique during and after the end of the Civil War” (2011) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Retrospective cohort Conflict Mortality SRH: no
AGYW: no
Mendelsohn JB, Schilperoord M, Spiegel P, Ross DA “Adherence to antiretroviral therapy and treatment outcomes among conflict-affected and forcibly displaced populations: a systematic review” (2012) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Systematic review Conflict/post-conflict ART Adherence SRH: no
AGYW: no
Culbert H, Tu D, O’Brien DP, Ellman T, Mills C, Ford N, Amisi T, Chan K, Venis S “HIV treatment in a conflict setting: outcomes and experiences from Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo” (2007) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Descriptive study Conflict HIV service utilization SRH: no
AGYW: no
Simon, S “Review of International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) material on HIV and AIDS and sudden onset emergencies” (2008) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Program report Natural disaster HIV service utilization SRH: no
AGYW: no
Da Waal A, Klot J, Mahajan M “HIV/AIDS, Security and Conflict: New Realities, New Responses” (2009) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Commentary Post-conflict HIV service utilization SRH: yes
AGYW: no
Spiegel, P “HIV in emergencies – much achieved, much to do” (2010) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Commentary Conflict/post-conflict HIV service utilization SRH: yes
AGYW: no
Spiegel, P “The effects of antiretroviral therapy on HIV prevalence in conflict situations: not yet there.” (2009) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Commentary Conflict HIV service utilization SRH: no
AGYW: no
Spiegel, P “Populations: Dispelling myths and taking action.” (2004) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Commentary Conflict HIV service utilization SRH: yes
AGYW: no
Whitmill J, Blanton C, Doraiswamy S, Cornier N, Schilperood M, Spiegel P, Tomczyk B “Retrospective analysis of reproductive health indicators in the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees post-emergency camps 2007–2013” (2016) Women Retrospective analysis Conflict Reproductive health indicators SRH: yes
AGYW: no
Griffiths K, Ford N “Provision of antiretroviral care to displaced populations in humanitarian settings: a systematic review.” (2013) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Systematic review Conflict, natural disaster HIV service utilization SRH: no
AGYW: no
Hankins C A “Transmission and prevention of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in war settings: Implications for current and future armed conflicts” (2002) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Commentary Conflict MISP, family planning indicators and HIV Prevention, interventions for injecting drug use SRH: yes
AGYW: no
Ssonko C, Gonzalez L, Mesic A, Silveira de Fonesca M, Achar J, Safar N, Martin B, Wong S, Casas E “Delivering HIV care in challenging operating environments: the MSF experience towards differentiated models of care for settings with multiple basic health care needs” (2017) PLHIV (adults, adolescents, children) Descriptive analysis Conflict HIV service utilization SRH: no
AGYW: no