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Table 4 Mistreatment indicators, stratified by maternal race (n = 2138)

From: The Giving Voice to Mothers study: inequity and mistreatment during pregnancy and childbirth in the United States

  Black n = 320 Hispanic n = 188 Indigenous n = 64 Asian n = 90 Women of colour n = 682 White n = 1416
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Your private or personal information was shared without your consent 2 (0.6) 5 (2.7) 2 (3.1) 0 (0) 9 (1.3) 17 (1.2)
Your physical privacy was violated (i.e., being uncovered or having people in the delivery room without your consent) 27 (8.4) 12 (6.4) 6 (9.4) 7 (7.8) 52 (7.6) 62 (4.4)
Health care providers (doctors, midwives, or nurses) shouted at or scolded you 35 (10.9) 30 (16.0) 10 (15.6) 9 (10.0) 87 (12.8) 90 (6.4)
HCPs threatened to withhold treatment or to force you to accept treatment you did not want 21 (6.6) 11 (5.9) 7 (10.9) 6 (6.7) 45 (6.6) 51 (3.6)
Health care providers threatened you in any other way 6 (1.9) 8 (4.3) 3 (4.7) 1 (1.1) 18 (2.6) 26 (1.8)
Health care providers ignored you, refused your request for help, or failed to respond to requests for help in a reasonable amount of time 41 (12.8) 23 (12.2) 7 (10.9) 12 (13.3) 85 (12.5) 79 (5.6)
You experienced physical abuse (including aggressive physical contact, inappropriate sexual conduct, a refusal to provide anesthesia for an episiotomy, etc.) 6 (1.9) 4 (2.1) 0 (0) 1 (1.1) 11 (1.6) 16 (1.1)
Any mistreatment (one or more of the above) 72 (22.5) 47 (25.0) 21 (32.8) 19 (21.1) 162 (23.8) 199 (14.1)