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Table 2 Obstetric history of women who delivered at Jason Sendwe Hospital, Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo

From: Hospital detention of mothers and their infants at a large provincial hospital: a mixed-methods descriptive case study, Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo

  Cross-Sectional Study
Aug-Sep 2016
Not Detained (n = 41) Detained (n = 44)
Number of pregnancies mean (sd) [median; min-max] 4.2 (3.4) [3; 1–13] 3.4 (2.6) [2.5; 1–12]
Number of deliveries mean (sd) [median; min-max] 3.9 (3.3) [3; 1–13] 2.9 (2.1) [2; 1–8]
Number of Cesarean sections
 1 11 (26.8%) 22 (50.0%)
 2 1 (2.4%) 3 (6.8%)
 3 1 (2.4%) 0
Attended prenatal care at least once during this pregnancy 38 (92.7%) 41 (93.2%)
  < 4 prenatal care visits 14 (34.1%) 17 (38.6%)
 4 prenatal care visits 11 (26.8%) 13 (29.5%)
  > 4 prenatal care visits 13 (31.7%) 11 (25.0%)
Complications this delivery (any) 22 (53.7%) 31 (70.5%)
 1 complication 16 (39.0%) 16 (36.4%)
 2 complications 4 (9.8%) 9 (20.5%)
 3 complications 2 (4.9%) 5 (11.4%)
 4 complications 0 0
 5 complications 0 1 (2.3%)
Type of complication
 PROM (premature rupture of membranes) 6 (14.6%) 7 (15.9%)
 Antepartum hemorrhage 4 (9.8%) 7 (15.9%)
 Obstructed labor 10 (24.4%) 22 (50.0%)
 Post-partum hemorrhage 3 (7.3%) 2 (4.6%)
 Retained placenta 2 (4.9%) 3 (6.8%)
 Uterine rupture 1 (2.4%) 1 (2.3%)
 Eclampsia 2 (4.9%) 9 (20.5%)
 Placental abruption 0 0
 Fetal death 2 (4.9%) 3 (6.8%)
Early neonatal mortality 6 (14.6%) 11 (25.0%)
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal, without instruments 30 (73.2%) 18 (40.9%)
 Cesarean 10 (24.4%) 26 (59.1%)
 Vaginal, with instruments 1 (2.4%) 0
Birth weight (grams)
 Singletons
mean (sd)
[median; min-max]
n = 33
3153 (526)
[3200; 1200–3960]
n = 36
2985 (767)
[2950; 1300–4500]
 Twins
mean (sd)
1 set
2750
5 sets
2288 (323)
Preterm birth (<  37 weeks self-reported gestational age) 10 (24.4%) 16 (36.4%)