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Table 3 Trajectory of care and payment history of women who delivered at Jason Sendwe Hospital, Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo

From: Hospital detention of mothers and their infants at a large provincial hospital: a mixed-methods descriptive case study, Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo

  Cross-Sectional Study
Aug-Sep 2016
Not Detained (n = 41) Detained (n = 44)
Trajectory: initial location of delivery
 Sendwe 24 (58.5%) 17 (38.6%)
 Health Center 14 (34.1%) 26 (59.1%)
 Home 2 (4.9%) 1 (2.3%)
 Other 1 (2.4%) 0
Amount paid to initial health center in USD*, mean (sd)
[median; min-max]
n = 15
11.92 (20.21)
[2.02; 0–60.60]
n = 23
14.67 (22.21)
[5.05; 0–90.91]
Mode of transport to hospital
 On foot 0 1 (2.3%)
 Public transport 0 4 (9.1%)
 Shared taxi 10 (24.4%) 5 (11.4%)
 Private taxi 24 (58.5%) 30 (68.2%)
 Private vehicle 7 (17.1%) 4 (9.1%)
Cost of transport to hospital in USD, mean (sd)
[median; min-max]
n = 34
3.60 (3.46)
[3.03; 0.20–15.15]
n = 39
3.88 (3.04)
[3.54; 0.20–14.14]
Amount paid to Sendwe in USD, mean (sd)
[median; min-max]
126.85 (145.72) CDF
[42.42; 25.25–474.75]
262.45 (161.02) CDF
[322.22; 23.23–620.20]
Amount remaining to pay in USD, mean (sd)
[median; min-max]
NA 210.60 (132.71)
[192.42; 21.31–515.15]
Length of stay (days); mean (sd)
[median; min-max]
5.7 (3.7)
[4; 2–16]
16.5 (10.7)
[14.5; 4–43]
Extra days billed NA 27 (61.4%)
Duration of detention (days); mean (sd)
[median; min-max]
NA 7.5 (8.0)
[5; 1–30]
  1. *USD: United States dollars: For the retrospective study, we converted Congolese francs to US dollars using the historical exchange rate as of Jan 1, 2015 (923 CDF/USD http://www.xe.com/currencytables/?from=CDF&date=2015-01-01 accessed 29 Sept 2017), and for the cross-sectional study, we used the rate on August 30, 2016, midway through the study (990 CDF/USD; http://www.xe.com/currencytables/?from=CDF&date=2016-08-30 accessed 30 Aug 2017)