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Table 2 Mixed-effects logistic regression for predictors of menstrual regulation

From: Prevalence and determinants of menstrual regulation among ever-married women in Bangladesh: evidence from a national survey

Characteristics Menstrual Regulation
Unadjusted
OR, 95% CI
p values Adjusted
OR, 95% CI
p values
Division
 Barisal 0.78 (0.59–1.02) 0.074 0.95 (0.72–1.26) 0.731
 Chittagong 0.67 (0.51–0.88) 0.003 0.74 (0.57–0.96) 0.026
 Dhaka 1.00   1.00  
 Khulna 0.77 (0.58–1.02) 0.074 0.86 (0.64–1.15) 0.314
 Rajshahi 0.73 (0.56–0.96) 0.002 0.87 (0.66–1.13) 0.301
 Rangpur 0.97 (0.76–1.24) 0.789 1.22 (0.95–1.58) 0.123
 Sylhet 0.48 (0.33–0.70) 0.000 0.53 (0.36–0.77) 0.001
Place of residence
 Rural 1.00   1.00  
 Urban 1.37 (1.18–1.60) 0.000 1.17 (0.98–1.39) 0.084
Wealth quintile
 Lowest 0.87 (0.69–1.08) 0.218 0.82 (0.65–1.04) 0.111
 Low 0.87 (0.69–1.09) 0.228 0.88 (0.70–1.11) 0.289
 Middle 1.00   1.00  
 High 1.34 (1.09–1.66) 0.006 1.47 (1.18–1.83) 0.001
 Highest 1.43 (1.16–1.77) 0.001 1.62 (1.27–2.05) 0.000
Religion
 Non-Muslim 1.00    
 Muslim 1.09 (0.86–1.39) 0.472   
Age
  < 20 1.00    
 20–29 3.03 (1.98–4.65) 0.000   
  ≥ 30 5.32 (3.50–8.08) 0.000   
Level of education
 No education 1.00    
 Primary 0.98 (0.79–1.21) 0.831   
 Secondary 0.96 (0.79–1.18) 0.704   
 Higher 0.93 (0.73–1.19) 0.560   
Employment status
 No 1.00   1.00  
 Yes 1.32 (1.15–1.52) 0.000 1.35 (1.16–1.56) 0.000
Method of contraceptive use
 Not use 1.00    
 Traditional method 1.49 (1.17–1.90) 0.001   
 Modern method 1.28 (1.10–1.48) 0.001   
Desire for more children
 Wants no more 1.00    
 Wants more 0.52 (0.43–0.61) 0.000   
 Others 1.04 (0.73–1.11) 0.324   
Parity
 No 1.00   1.00  
 1–2 2.03 (1.48–2.78) 0.000 1.73 (1.24–2.40) 0.001
 3+ 2.76 (2.00–3.80) 0.000 2.56 (1.82–3.58) 0.000
NGO membership
 No 1.00   1.00  
 Yes 1.24 (1.07–1.42) 0.003 1.18 (1.02–1.38) 0.030
Women’s empowerment
 Not empowered 1.00   1.0  
 Moderately empowered 1.43 (1.13–1.81) 0.003 1.14 (0.90–1.45) 0.282
 Highly empowered 1.39 (1.09–1.79) 0.008 1.19 (0.93–1.53) 0.167
 Variance component 0.14 (0.06–0.29) 0.001
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  2. CI Confidence Interval, NGO Non-Government Organization, OR Odds Ratio