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Table 3 Reasons for nonuse of contraceptive methods (mean by coverage level, prevalence, and 95% CI)

From: Reasons for nonuse of contraceptive methods by women with demand for contraception not satisfied: an assessment of low and middle-income countries using demographic and health surveys

Country Health concerns Infrequent sex Other opposed Respondent opposed Fatalistic Lack of access Lack of knowledge Method-related N (all reasons)
Demand for contraception not satisfied < 30.0% 23.5 29.9 7.3 5.1 4.5 6.0 1.8 1.6  
Colombia 17.6 26.7 4.6 5.0 Na 4.3 0.7 Na 1566
(15.0–20.5) (23.7–30.0) (3.2–6.5) (3.7–6.6)   (3.3–5.6) (0.4–1.3)   
Honduras 19.5 51.0 9.1 4.5 1.4 3.1 0.3 0.5 1116
(16.9–22.5) (47.4–54.6) (7.2–11.3) (3.4–6.0) (0.7–2.7) (2.2–4.4) (0.1–0.9) (0.3–1.1)  
Zimbabwe 18.9 41.6 14.0 1.7 0.8 5.5 0 (0–0) 1.7 468
(14.7–23.9) (35.7–47.7) (10.1–19.0) (0.8–3.8) (0.3–2.3) (3.7–8.2)   (0.8–3.3)  
Dominican Republic 28.8 24.0 3.3 10.8 5.4 5.0 0.7 1.2 477
(22.7–35.7) (19.6–29.1) (1.8–6.0) (7.8–14.8) (2.8–10.3) (1.8–13.6) (0.3–1.6) (0.6–2.4)  
Indonesia 29.8 22.3 1.8 0.5 2.3 3.6 0.9 4.0 2985
(27.3–32.5) (19.8–25.0) (1.2–2.5) (0.3–0.8) (1.5–3.5) (2.6–4.9) (0.6–1.4) (3.0–5.3)  
Armenia 15.0 25.8 5.2 11.7 10.2 0 1.2 2.1 308
(11.6–19.1) (21.1–31.1) (3.3–8.3) (8.0–16.8) (7.1–14.4)   (0.3–5.0) (0.9–4.9)  
Cambodia 36.1 45.5 1.9 3.3 10.9 2.6 1.4 2.1 1195
(32.8–39.6) (41.3–49.8) (1.0–3.7) (2.0–5.5) (8.9–13.1) (1.6–4.0) (0.8–2.6) (1.3–3.5)  
Guatemala 17.0 50.3 10.8 6.0 3.2 4.9 3.5 0.8 1769
(14.9–19.3) (47.3–53.3) (9.0–12.9) (4.8–7.4) (2.3–4.5) (3.9–6.2) (2.5–4.7) (0.5–1.3)  
India 7.4 31.0 19.7 8.1 9.1 9.8 2.3 1.0 57008
(7.0–7.7) (30.4–31.7) (19.1–20.2) (7.7–8.5) (8.7–9.4) (9.3–10.2) (2.1–2.6) (0.8–1.1)  
Namibia 26.3 11.0 9.9 5.9 4.0 15.3 2.4 1.0 527
(22.0–31.1) (8.3–14.4) (7.1–13.5) (3.9–9.1) (2.7–6.1) (12.0–19.4) (1.3–4.5) (0.5–2.1)  
Lesotho 11.0 39.5 5.5 1.7 2.7 5.2 0.4 1.7 605
(8.3–14.5) (35.0–44.3) (3.6–8.3) (0.8–3.7) (1.5–4.9) (3.6–7.3) (0.1–1.8) (0.9–3.3)  
Kenya 42.0 23.1 9.4 4.2 3.4 2.8 1.7 0.9 1382
(38.5–45.5) (20.1–26.3) (7.6–11.5) (3.0–5.6) (2.3–5.1) (1.6–4.9) (1.1–2.4) (0.5–1.6)  
Myanmar 32.6 32.8 1.2 0.9 2.9 4.8 0.4 2.7 1208
(29.1–36.4) (29.4–36.4) (0.7–2.2) (0.5–1.8) (1.9–4.4) (3.1–7.5) (0.2–1.2) (1.8–4.1)  
Philippines 26.3 22.3 7.8 10.1 3.7 13.7 0.6 0.3 1878
(23.8–29.1) (19.0–26.1) (6.0–10.2) (8.2–12.4) (2.8–4.9) (11.5–16.2) (0.3–1.3) (0.1–0.7)  
Malawi 20.2 25.1 5.3 4.9 4.2 5.7 0.4 2.2 1947
(18.1–22.5) (22.5–28.0) (4.2–6.6) (3.8–6.2) (3.2–5.3) (4.5–7.1) (0.2–0.9) (1.5–3.1)  
Congo Brazzaville 17.0 15.1 9.5 5.0 0.4 14.2 12.6 1.4 861
(13.1–21.8) (11.6–19.5) (6.5–13.7) (2.9–8.5) (0.1–2.2) (10.3–19.2) (9.8–16.0) (0.4–4.2)  
Rwanda 34.3 20.8 5.7 3.1 7.2 1.7 0.4 2.3 1057
(31.2–37.5) (18.2–23.6) (4.4–7.4) (2.2–4.3) (5.7–9.1) (1.1–2.8) (0.1–1.0) (1.5–3.4)  
Demand for contraception not satisfied 30.0–50.0% 21.4 18.4 12.3 8.8 8.8 5.1 3.6 1.8  
Nepal 15.0 18.2 5.3 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.2 1.2 1425
(12.6–17.8) (15.5–21.3) (4.0–7.1) (0.0–0.8) (0.4–1.4) (0.4–1.9) (0.0–0.6) (0.6–2.6)  
Zambia 30.1 19.3 10.0 3.3 3.1 5.0 1.0 1.2 1578
(27.2–33.1) (17.1–21.7) (8.2–12.2) (2.3–4.7) (2.2–4.3) (3.9–6.4) (0.6–1.8) (0.7–2.1)  
Kyrgyzstan 20.9 17.3 17.1 12.2 8.6 1.2 1.5 0.8 642
(16.8–25.7) (14.1–21.1) (13.1–22.0) (9.4–15.8) (6.2–11.9) (0.5–3.0) (0.6–3.5) (0.2–3.0)  
Tanzania 40.3 17.0 16.1 14.6 8.7 3.9 1.3 1.3 1515
(37.1–43.6) (14.7–19.6) (14.0–18.4) (12.5–16.9) (7.2–10.5) (2.9–5.3) (0.8–2.2) (0.5–3.1)  
Ethiopia 16.3 9.0 13.3 6.6 23.7 3.5 1.0 1.7 1316
(12.8–20.7) (6.9–11.6) (10.2–17.1) (4.6–9.2) (20.1–27.6) (2.2–5.4) (0.4–2.3) (1.0–3.0)  
Gabon 17.4 17.4 11.0 5.7 2.4 6.2 8.5 4.7 1063
(13.9–21.6) (13.8–21.7) (8.2–14.5) (3.7–8.7) (1.3–4.6) (4.6–8.5) (6.4–11.1) (2.9–7.4)  
Uganda 21.3 19.8 10.8 5.7 6.9 2.5 0.3 0.9 2454
(19.4–23.4) (17.9–21.9) (9.5–12.3) (4.8–6.8) (5.8–8.1) (1.9–3.3) (0.1–0.6) (0.6–1.5)  
Senegal 15.0 19.0 21.1 12.2 9.6 2.7 0.8 0.3 1641
(13.0–17.4) (16.6–21.6) (18.5–24.0) (10.2–14.5) (7.9–11.7) (1.9–3.7) (0.5–1.5) (0.1–0.9)  
Mozambique 9.6 19.9 7.2 6.5 9.7 3.7 5.0 2.4 809
(7.4–12.5) (16.8–23.4) (4.8–10.6) (4.7–9.0) (7.7–12.1) (2.4–5.5) (3.3–7.6) (1.5–3.8)  
Tajikistan 14.5 27.8 12.8 24.8 10.9 2.4 0.3 1.0 1118
(12.0–17.4) (24.4–31.5) (10.4–15.7) (21.5–28.3) (8.8–13.6) (1.5–3.8) (0.1–0.9) (0.5–1.9)  
Cameroon 21.9 29.3 12.9 7.4 1.5 9.5 15.2 2.5 1873
(19.6–24.4) (26.4–32.3) (11.1–14.9) (6.2–8.9) (0.9–2.4) (7.8–11.6) (12.8–18.1) (1.8–3.5)  
Nigeria 19.5 17.8 17.9 15.3 7.4 5.1 10.1 2.9 3459
(17.7–21.4) (16.4–19.4) (16.2–19.7) (13.6–17.2) (6.3–8.6) (4.2–6.1) (8.6–11.7) (2.3–3.7)  
Timor-Leste 35.8 7.0 4.0 0 21.1 19.3 1.9 2.4 759
(31.5–40.2) (4.9–9.9) (2.4–6.5)   (17.2–25.5) (16.2–22.8) (1.0–3.4) (1.3–4.3)  
Demand for contraception not satisfied > 50.0% 21.3 16.2 14.8 10.5 7.2 6.9 6.9 2.1  
Burundi 33.0 11.7 27.2 7.9 2.5 1.9 0.3 0.8 2196
(30.7–35.3) (10.2–13.4) (24.9–29.6) (6.6–9.5) (1.8–3.4) (1.4–2.8) (0.1–0.8) (0.5–1.4)  
Sierra Leone 13.4 24.1 10.2 9.1 9.8 7.4 2.9 2.2 2173
(11.7–15.4) (21.1–27.3) (8.6–12.1) (7.2–11.5) (8.1–11.8) (5.9–9.2) (2.1–4.1) (1.6–3.0)  
Ghana 46.8 19.2 7.7 7.5 5.3 5.7 1.2 5.4 1328
(43.0–50.7) (16.2–22.5) (5.9–10.1) (4.8–11.4) (4.2–6.8) (4.3–7.6) (0.7–2.0) (4.0–7.1)  
Niger 6.2 19.1 11.7 5.6 21.5 6.9 5.8 4.1 1251
(4.8–7.9) (16.1–22.4) (9.6–14.2) (4.3–7.3) (18.1–25.3) (5.3–8.9) (4.2–7.8) (2.9–5.9)  
Haiti 40.2 14.7 11.4 20.4 11.1 2.9 0.1 2.0 2855
(37.6–42.8) (13.0–16.6) (9.8–13.3) (18.1–22.9) (9.7–12.8) (2.1–4.1) (0.0–0.4) (1.4–2.7)  
Congo Democratic Republic 18.4 19.6 17.4 11.3 3.1 8.6 14.5 1.5 2653
(15.9–21.2) (17.3–22.2) (15.3–19.7) (9.7–13.2) (2.2–4.2) (6.7–10.9) (11.3–18.5) (1.1–2.3)  
Côte d’Ivoire 24.2 15.1 14.0 9.7 2.8 7.3 15.5 1.9 1510
(21.4–27.2) (12.7–17.9) (11.8–16.4) (6.8–13.9) (1.8–4.2) (5.4–9.8) (12.5–19.0) (1.1–3.0)  
Burkina Faso 14.7 22.8 18.3 6.3 5.1 14.5 3.4 0.8 2917
(13.1–16.4) (20.8–24.9) (16.5–20.3) (5.3–7.4) (4.1–6.4) (12.8–16.4) (2.6–4.5) (0.5–1.2)  
Liberia 27.3 15.4 11.7 15.2 7.4 6.4 4.1 6.0 1863
(23.8–31.1) (13.0–18.2) (9.1–15.0) (12.0–19.1) (5.8–9.4) (5.1–8.2) (3.1–5.6) (4.5–7.9)  
Togo 34.4 19.6 9.2 8.6 11.3 6.2 4.2 2.7 1787
(31.4–37.5) (17.5–21.9) (7.4–11.2) (6.8–10.8) (9.3–13.6) (5.1–7.6) (3.0–5.7) (1.9–3.8)  
Comoros 29.3 11.2 14.5 6.5 0.2 16.3 0.3 1.3 719
(24.6–34.6) (8.2–15.0) (11.5–18.1) (4.6–9.3) (0.1–1.0) (12.7–20.6) (0.1–1.1) (0.6–2.5)  
Benin 19.8 15.8 14.2 5.1 3.0 11.8 10.6 2.6 2361
(17.7–22.1) (14.0–17.8) (12.6–15.9) (4.2–6.2) (2.3–3.9) (10.5–13.3) (9.3–11.9) (2.0–3.4)  
Angola 13.3 6.8 10.0 9.6 9.7 2.1 7.5 1.8 1971
(11.1–15.9) (5.5–8.4) (7.5–13.2) (7.6–12.1) (8.2–11.5) (1.5–3.1) (6.0–9.5) (1.1–3.0)  
Mali 9.3 12.5 26.4 8.4 5.9 7.3 10.3 0.8 1527
(7.4–11.5) (10.4–14.9) (22.7–30.5) (6.9–10.3) (4.5–7.7) (5.6–9.5) (8.4–12.6) (0.4–1.7)  
Gambia 12.6 14.8 17.2 25.4 14.1 1.9 6.4 0.5 1482
(10.0–15.9) (12.4–17.5) (13.9–21.0) (21.2–30.0) (11.3–17.6) (1.2–2.9) (4.1–9.9) (0.2–1.3)  
Guinea 11.0 15.1 15.5 11.7 6.2 6.0 14.7 0.3 1315
(8.7–13.8) (12.7–17.9) (13.3–18.0) (9.4–14.6) (4.2–9.0) (4.4–8.1) (12.0–17.9) (0.1–0.9)  
Chad 7.8 18.0 14.7 10.9 3.0 3.6 15.4 0.4 1918
(6.3–9.6) (15.7–20.5) (12.7–17.0) (9.2–13.0) (2.0–4.4) (2.7–4.8) (13.2–17.9) (0.2–0.8)