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Table 2 Prevalence and absolute average annual change (AAAC) of modern contraceptive (mCPR) use and its subtypes by geography using PMA2020 surveys

From: Socio-demographic and economic inequalities in modern contraception in 11 low- and middle-income countries: an analysis of the PMA2020 surveys

CountryYear/monthModern contraceptive prevalenceModern contraceptive subtype prevalence
mCPR (95 CI)AAAC (95 CI)SARC (95 CI)LARC (95 CI)PERM (95 CI)
Burkina Faso
 National2014/1118.4 (16.3; 20.7)3.7 (3.0; 4.3)9.8 (8.3; 11.6)8.5 (7.0; 10.2)0.2 (0.0; 0.7)
 National2015/0521.0 (18.8; 23.3)12.3 (10.7; 14.2)8.8 (7.4; 10.5)0.1 (0.0; 0.3)
 National2016/0325.1 (23.2; 27.1)13.8 (12.4; 15.4)12.0 (10.7; 13.6)0.0 (0.0; 0.1)
 National2016/1225.3 (23.4; 27.3)13.4 (12.0; 14.9)12.3 (10.9; 13.8)0.0 (0.0; 0.1)
 National2017/1130.9 (28.9; 32.9)14.8 (13.3; 16.4)16.2 (14.7; 17.9)0.1 (0.0; 0.3)
 National2018/1231.9 (29.9; 34.0)17.2 (15.6; 18.8)14.7 (13.2; 16.3)0.1 (0.0; 0.3)
Congo DR
 Kinshasa2013/1120.3 (18.0; 22.8)2.6 (2.0; 3.3)18.2 (16.0; 20.7)1.6 (1.0; 2.6)0.4 (0.2; 1.0)
 Kinshasa2014/0920.2 (18.4; 22.1)15.0 (13.5; 16.8)5.1 (4.2; 6.2)0.3 (0.1; 0.7)
 Kinshasa2015/0522.7 (20.5; 25.0)17.8 (15.8; 20.0)4.4 (3.5; 5.7)0.5 (0.2; 1.1)
 Kinshasa2015/1127.1 (25.0; 29.2)20.5 (18.6; 22.5)6.1 (5.1; 7.4)0.6 (0.4; 1.2)
 Kinshasa2016/0927.0 (24.5; 29.7)20.0 (17.8; 22.5)6.7 (5.3; 8.3)0.7 (0.3; 1.6)
 Kinshasa2017/0928.6 (25.7; 31.7)19.0 (16.6; 21.7)9.5 (7.6; 11.8)0.5 (0.1; 1.6)
 Kinshasa2018/1132.8 (30.0; 35.8)22.5 (20.1; 25.2)10.1 (8.3; 12.3)0.5 (0.2; 1.1)
 Kongo Central2015/1221.4 (19.2; 23.9)0.0 (−1.1; 1.1)18.4 (16.3; 20.7)1.3 (0.8; 2.1)2.1 (1.4; 3.0)
 Kongo Central2016/0819.3 (17.0; 21.9)16.3 (14.1; 18.7)1.8 (1.2; 2.6)1.3 (0.7; 2.3)
 Kongo Central2017/0918.6 (16.3; 21.3)15.4 (13.3; 17.9)2.7 (1.8; 3.9)0.7 (0.3; 1.5)
 Kongo Central2018/1122.0 (19.5; 24.8)17.3 (15.0; 19.9)4.7 (3.5; 6.2)0.7 (0.3; 1.5)
Côte d’Ivoire
 National2017/0923.7 (21.6; 25.9)−0.9 (−3.8; 2.1)20.9 (19.0; 23.0)3.0 (2.2; 4.1)0.2 (0.1; 0.6)
 National2018/0722.8 (20.9; 24.9)19.7 (17.9; 21.7)3.3 (2.6; 4.2)0.0 (0.0; 0.0)
Ethiopia
 National2014/0232.7 (30.7; 34.8)0.9 (0.3; 1.4)26.9 (25.1; 28.9)5.8 (5.0; 6.9)0.1 (0.1; 0.2)
 National2014/1134.0 (31.9; 36.1)26.0 (24.2; 28.0)7.8 (6.7; 9.1)0.3 (0.1; 0.8)
 National2015/0436.3 (34.6; 38.0)27.7 (26.1; 29.3)8.5 (7.6; 9.5)0.5 (0.3; 0.8)
 National2016/0337.7 (35.9; 39.4)28.4 (26.8; 30.0)9.8 (8.8; 10.9)0.3 (0.2; 0.6)
 National2017/0535.3 (33.6; 37.1)25.6 (24.0; 27.1)9.7 (8.7; 10.8)0.3 (0.1; 0.6)
 National2018/0637.7 (36.0; 39.5)27.0 (25.4; 28.6)10.4 (9.4; 11.5)0.5 (0.3; 0.9)
Ghana
 National2013/0917.8 (16.3; 19.5)2.6 (2.1; 3.1)14.1 (12.8; 15.6)3.3 (2.7; 4.2)0.4 (0.2; 0.8)
 National2014/0317.4 (15.9; 19.0)13.8 (12.5; 15.3)3.4 (2.7; 4.2)0.4 (0.2; 0.8)
 National2014/1120.2 (18.5; 22.1)15.6 (14.1; 17.3)4.1 (3.3; 5.2)0.6 (0.4; 1.0)
 National2015/0527.9 (26.1; 29.9)21.9 (20.2; 23.7)5.9 (5.0; 7.0)0.9 (0.6; 1.4)
 National2016/0926.3 (24.3; 28.4)19.2 (17.4; 21.1)6.6 (5.6; 7.7)0.9 (0.5; 1.4)
 National2017/0926.1 (24.4; 27.9)16.9 (15.4; 18.4)8.5 (7.4; 9.6)1.3 (0.9; 1.8)
India
 Rajasthan2016/0750.7 (49.0; 52.4)3.6 (2.4; 4.8)19.6 (18.3; 21.0)2.0 (1.6; 2.5)30.8 (29.2; 32.4)
 Rajasthan2017/0352.7 (51.1; 54.3)15.3 (14.2; 16.6)1.4 (1.0; 1.8)36.4 (34.9; 38.0)
 Rajasthan2017/0855.7 (54.1; 57.3)17.9 (16.7; 19.2)1.7 (1.3; 2.1)36.9 (35.3; 38.4)
 Rajasthan2018/0557.9 (56.2; 59.5)17.5 (16.2; 18.8)1.9 (1.5; 2.5)39.1 (37.5; 40.8)
Indonesia
 National2015/0659.1 (57.9; 60.4)−0.6 (−2.3; 1.1)46.8 (45.5; 48.1)9.1 (8.4; 9.9)3.7 (3.3; 4.2)
 National2016/1158.5 (57.3; 59.8)45.4 (44.1; 46.6)9.5 (8.8; 10.3)3.9 (3.4; 4.4)
Kenya
 National2014/0651.8 (49.4; 54.2)1.2 (0.6; 1.7)38.3 (36.0; 40.7)12.2 (10.7; 13.9)1.9 (1.4; 2.5)
 National2014/1153.0 (50.7; 55.2)38.4 (36.2; 40.6)12.6 (11.2; 14.2)3.2 (2.5; 4.1)
 National2015/0657.4 (55.2; 59.5)40.4 (38.2; 42.5)16.1 (14.5; 17.9)2.6 (2.0; 3.3)
 National2015/1160.9 (58.8; 63.0)40.3 (38.2; 42.4)19.6 (17.8; 21.5)2.8 (2.2; 3.4)
 National2016/1158.4 (56.7; 60.0)37.3 (35.7; 38.9)20.2 (18.9; 21.7)2.7 (2.2; 3.4)
 National2017/1157.7 (56.0; 59.3)34.6 (33.0; 36.2)21.3 (19.9; 22.7)2.4 (1.9; 3.0)
 National2018/1159.2 (57.4; 60.9)32.8 (31.2; 34.5)24.5 (23.0; 26.1)2.4 (1.9; 3.1)
Niger
 National2016/0414.7 (12.8; 16.9)3.1 (0.3; 6.0)12.4 (10.6; 14.4)2.1 (1.4; 3.2)0.2 (0.1; 0.7)
 National2017/0718.0 (16.0; 20.1)14.7 (12.9; 16.7)3.3 (2.5; 4.3)0.1 (0.0; 0.4)
 Niamey2015/0728.3 (25.3; 31.5)1.4 (−0.2; 3.0)22.8 (20.0; 25.7)5.8 (4.4; 7.6)0.4 (0.1; 1.3)
 Niamey2016/1131.1 (28.1; 34.3)23.1 (20.4; 26.1)10.1 (8.2; 12.3)1.3 (0.8; 2.3)
 Niamey2018/0832.5 (29.0; 36.3)21.6 (18.7; 24.8)11.3 (8.9; 14.4)0.1 (0.0; 0.8)
Nigeria
 National2016/0517.6 (16.5; 18.7)1.6 (0.8; 2.4)14.4 (13.4; 15.4)3.3 (2.8; 3.9)0.3 (0.2; 0.5)
 National2017/0417.6 (16.5; 18.7)13.7 (12.7; 14.7)3.8 (3.3; 4.3)0.5 (0.3; 0.8)
 National2018/0420.9 (19.7; 22.1)15.6 (14.6; 16.6)5.2 (4.6; 5.9)0.5 (0.3; 0.8)
 Kaduna2014/0910.0 (8.7; 11.4)5.4 (2.9; 7.9)7.8 (6.7; 9.0)2.1 (1.6; 2.9)0.1 (0.0; 0.5)
 Kaduna2015/0815.3 (13.3; 17.6)11.6 (9.9; 13.6)4.5 (3.3; 6.2)0.7 (0.3; 1.7)
 Lagos2014/0118.6 (15.4; 22.2)7.2 (2.7; 11.7)17.1 (14.1; 20.6)1.5 (0.7; 3.1)0.0
 Lagos2015/0925.7 (22.9; 28.7)20.5 (17.9; 23.3)4.4 (3.3; 6.0)0.9 (0.4; 1.9)
Uganda
 National2014/0525.4 (23.6; 27.3)2.4 (1.8; 3.1)19.9 (18.3; 21.7)4.1 (3.3; 5.0)1.8 (1.3; 2.5)
 National2015/0131.5 (29.6; 33.6)23.6 (21.7; 25.5)5.8 (4.9; 6.9)2.5 (1.8; 3.3)
 National2015/0930.9 (28.9; 32.8)24.0 (22.2; 25.8)5.3 (4.5; 6.3)1.9 (1.4; 2.5)
 National2016/0432.2 (30.3; 34.1)23.9 (22.3; 25.7)5.7 (4.8; 6.6)2.8 (2.2; 3.6)
 National2017/0434.6 (32.5; 36.7)24.6 (22.8; 26.6)7.5 (6.5; 8.8)2.5 (1.9; 3.3)
 National2018/0436.2 (34.1; 38.3)23.3 (21.5; 25.2)10.3 (9.1; 11.6)2.8 (2.1; 3.6)
  1. AAAC absolute average annual change in percentage points, CI: confidence interval, LARC long-acting reversible contraceptive, mCPR modern contraceptive, PERM permanent method, SARC short-acting reversible contraceptive