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Table 4 Factors associated with disagreement with the practice of FGM/C and circumcision of future daughters among university students (n = 502)

From: Determinants of disagreement with female genital mutilation/cutting of future daughters and awareness of the ban among Egyptian university students

CharacteristicDisagree with the practice of FGM/CDisagree with circumcision of future daughters
Unadjusted ORa (95% CI)p-valueAdjusted ORb (95% CI)p-valueUnadjusted ORa (95% CI)p-valueAdjusted ORb (95% CI)p-value
Gender (female vs male)1.4 (0.9–2.0)0.0690.9 (0.5–1.6)0.7881.7 (1.1–2.4)0.0081.1 (0.6–1.9)0.737
Residence (urban vs rural)2.1 (1.5–3.1)< 0.0013.6 (1.9–6.7)< 0.0011.5 (1.1–2.2)0.0271.8 (0.9–3.3)0.051
Mother education (completed secondary or higher vs other)1.4 (0.9–1.9)0.0861.2 (0.6–2.3)0.5811.9 (1.3–2.7)0.0011.8 (0.9–3.4)0.126
Father education (completed secondary or higher vs other)1.2 (0.9–1.7)0.3170.7 (0.4–1.4)0.3281.5 (1.1–2.2)0.0221.1 (0.6–2.3)0.707
Faculty (medical vs non-medical)1.4 (0.9–2.0)0.0681.2 (0.7–2.0)0.5751.4 (0.9–1.9)0.0981.1 (0.6–1.9)0.765
Main source of knowledge about FGM/C (educational curricula/health education vs other)1.3 (0.9–1.9)0.2061.4 (0.8–2.5)0.2571.0 (0.7–1.5)1.0000.8 (0.4–1.4)0.358
Main purpose of FGM/C (only medical purpose vs other)0.9 (0.4–2.2)1.0001.6 (0.5–5.3)0.4610.5 (0.2–1.1)0.0790.4 (0.1–1.5)0.184
Aware of a legislation that bans FGM/C (yes vs no)1.5 (1.1–2.2)0.0230.8 (0.5–1.5)0.5502.4 (1.6–3.5)< 0.0011.9 (1.1–3.4)0.029
Disagrees with the following perception items (vs agrees):
 FGM/C should be banned from media discussions2.3 (1.6–3.3)< 0.0011.0 (0.5–1.9)0.9632.2 (1.5–3.3)< 0.0010.8 (0.4–1.5)0.498
 The television is unimportant in preventing FGM/C4.4 (2.9–6.6)< 0.0012.1 (1.1–3.8)0.0174.8 (3.3–7.2)< 0.0012.1 (1.2–3.9)0.014
 FGM/C has religious basis9.3 (5.9–14.6)< 0.0016.3 (3.3–12.0)< 0.0017.5 (4.8–11.8)< 0.0013.8 (1.9–7.6)< 0.001
 Females are indecent until they are circumcised6.2 (3.9–9.7)< 0.0012.5 (1.2–5.4)0.0196.3 (4.0–9.7)< 0.0011.8 (0.9–3.7)0.115
 Circumcised females are happier in their marital lives10.9 (7.2–16.6)< 0.0013.7 (1.9–7.2)< 0.00110.8 (7.1–16.5)< 0.0013.5 (1.8–6.9)< 0.001
 Females cannot please their husbands if uncircumcised4.3 (2.9–6.4)< 0.0010.7 (0.3–1.3)0.2433.9 (2.6–5.7)< 0.0010.6 (0.3–1.2)0.146
 FMG/C enhances females’ personal hygiene9.5 (6.3–14.4)< 0.0011.7 (0.9–3.3)0.09911.5 (7.5–17.6)< 0.0012.1 (1.1–4.1)0.025
 FMG/C preserves females’ virginity14.1 (9.4–21.9)< 0.0013.8 (1.9–7.7)< 0.00118.0 (11.5–28.4)< 0.0015.0 (2.5–9.9)< 0.001
 Circumcised females are more respected by community5.1 (3.4–7.6)< 0.0010.7 (0.4–1.5)0.3886.2 (4.1–9.4)< 0.0010.9 (0.5–1.9)0.914
  1. FGM/C Female genital mutilation/cutting, OR Odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. a Chi-squared test
  3. b Multivariable logistic regression