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Table 2 Significant individual and couple-level demographic factors associated with LARC uptake after the intervention

From: Uptake of long acting reversible contraception following integrated couples HIV and fertility goal-based family planning counselling in Catholic and non-Catholic, urban and rural government health centers in Kigali, Rwanda

  All Couples (n = 1290) LARC uptake at baseline or within median 30 days (n = 960) Did not uptake LARC (n = 330) p-value*
mean SD mean SD mean SD
Man’s Age 36.3 8.2 35.7 8.2 37.9 8.2 < 0.0001
Woman’s Age 30.6 5.4 30.4 5.5 31.1 5.1 0.0240
Man’s Years in Kigali 16.9 11.8 16.1 11.6 19.1 11.9 < 0.0001
Woman’s Years in Kigali 13.8 10.1 13.3 10.1 15.3 10.2 0.0017
Cohabitation (years) 7.1 5.0 6.7 4.9 8.2 5.1 < 0.0001
Number of biological children 2.2 1.4 2.2 1.3 2.4 1.5 0.0190
Number of children in household 2.8 1.6 2.7 1.5 3.0 1.6 0.0004
  n Column % n Row % n Row %  
Man Reads Kinyarwanda        0.0144
 Easily/with difficulty 1005 78% 732 73% 273 27%  
 Not at all 285 22% 228 80% 57 20%  
Man Reads French        0.0066
 Easily/with difficulty 198 15% 132 67% 66 33%  
 Not at all 1092 85% 828 76% 264 24%  
Man’s Level of Education        0.0004
 Primary/Secondary/Tertiary 813 63% 578 71% 235 29%  
 No education 477 37% 382 80% 95 20%  
Woman’s Level of Education        0.0225
 Primary/Secondary/Tertiary 752 58% 542 72% 210 28%  
 No education 538 42% 418 78% 120 22%  
Man’s Religion        0.0005
 Catholic/Other 635 49% 500 79% 135 21%  
 Pentecostal/Seven Day Adventist/Jehovah’s  Witnesses/Anglican/Baptist/Muslim/No religion 655 51% 460 70% 195 30%  
Woman’s Religion        0.0019
 Catholic/Other 535 41% 432 81% 103 19%  
 Pentecostal/Seven Day Adventist/Jehovah’s Witnesses/Anglican/Baptist/Muslim/No religion 755 59% 528 70% 227 30%  
Couple Religion        < 0.0001
 Both Catholic/Other 425 33% 340 80% 85 20%  
 Woman Catholic/Other, Man Pentecostal/Seven Day Adventist/Jehovah’s Witnesses/Anglican/Baptist/Muslim/No religion 110 9% 92 84% 18 16%  
 Man Catholic/Other, Woman Pentecostal/Seven Day Adventist/Jehovah’s Witnesses/Anglican/Baptist/Muslim/No religion 210 16% 160 76% 50 24%  
 Both Pentecostal/Seven Day Adventist/Jehovah’s Witnesses/Anglican/Baptist/Muslim/No religion 545 42% 368 68% 177 32%  
Man frequency of attending religious services        0.0001
 More than once a week 272 21% 178 65% 94 35%  
 Once a week or less often 1018 79% 782 77% 236 23%  
Woman frequency of attending religious services        < 0.0001
 More than once a week 392 30% 262 67% 130 33%  
 Once a week or less often 898 70% 698 78% 200 22%  
Man’s frequency of attending religious services by religion
 Catholic/Other        0.0578
  More than once a week 66 10% 46 70% 20 30%  
  Once a week or less often 569 90% 454 80% 115 20%  
 Pentecostal/Seven Day Adventist/Jehovah’s Witnesses/Anglican/Baptist/Muslim/No religion        0.0197
  More than once a week 206 31% 132 64% 74 36%  
  Once a week or less often 449 69% 328 73% 121 27%  
Woman’s frequency of attending religious services by religion
 Catholic/Other        0.3745
  More than once a week 98 18% 76 78% 22 22%  
  Once a week or less often 437 82% 356 81% 81 19%  
 Pentecostal/Seven Day Adventist/Jehovah’s Witnesses/Anglican/Baptist/Muslim/No religion        0.0014
  More than once a week 294 39% 186 63% 108 37%  
  Once a week or less often 461 61% 342 74% 119 26%  
  1. *Two-tailed t-test for continuous variables and chi-square test for categorical variables
  2. The following demographic covariates were analyzed but were not associated with LARC uptake in chi-square analysis and are not presented above: man has income; woman has income, woman’s literacy in English, French, and Kinyarwanda; man’s literacy in English