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Table 2 Maternal characteristics by maternal status at 42 days after delivery, 2010–2018 all clusters

From: Maternal mortality in six low and lower-middle income countries from 2010 to 2018: risk factors and trends

Characteristica N(%) by maternal status Total Risk Ratio(95% CI)b
  Women who died Women alive six weeks after delivery   
Deliveries, N 842 570,479 571,321  
Maternal age 839 569,478 570,317  
 < 20 65 (7.7) 71,758 (12.6) 71,823 (12.6) 0.7 (0.5, 0.9)
 20–35 695 (82.8) 471,940 (82.9) 472,635 (82.9) 1.0
 > 35 79 (9.4) 25,780 (4.5) 25,859 (4.5) 2.0 (1.6, 2.5)
Maternal education 841 568,765 569,606  
 No formal education 360 (42.8) 137,325 (24.1) 137,685 (24.2) 3.8 (2.6, 5.6)
 Primary/Secondary 458 (54.5) 391,879 (68.9) 392,337 (68.9) 1.9 (1.3, 2.8)
 University + 23 (2.7) 39,561 (7.0) 39,584 (6.9) 1.0
Parity 836 566,711 567,547  
 0 238 (28.5) 183,868 (32.4) 184,106 (32.4) 1.2 (1.0, 1.4)
 1–2 273 (32.7) 240,049 (42.4) 240,322 (42.3) 1.0
 > 2 325 (38.9) 142,794 (25.2) 143,119 (25.2) 1.7 (1.5, 2.1)
Last pregnancy did not result in a live birth 56/598 (9.4) 21,148/382,772 (5.5) 21,204/383,370 (5.5) 1.7 (1.3, 2.3)
  1. a The denominator used to determine the percentage of women with each characteristic varies due to missing data
  2. b Risk ratios were generated from models evaluating the outcome of women who died vs women who were alive six weeks after delivery. Generalized linear models were used to evaluate the relationship of potential factors and maternal mortality and to develop point and interval estimates of relative risk associated with these factors. Generalized estimating equations were used to account for the correlation of outcomes within cluster to develop appropriate confidence intervals. Unless otherwise noted, the reference group is women who did not have the listed characteristic