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Table 6 Trend in maternal mortality ratio by site and combined years, 2010–2018 in ongoing clustersa

From: Maternal mortality in six low and lower-middle income countries from 2010 to 2018: risk factors and trends

Characteristic Overall, all sites Overall, excluding DRC DRC Guatemala Belagavi Nagpur Kenya Pakistan Zambia
Ongoing clustersa
 Births, n 466,772 434,876 31,896 60,434 88,684 84,241 73,904 64,951 62,662
 Maternal deaths, n 694 596 98 69 95 84 78 204 66
 Deliveries, n 471,272 438,806 32,466 60,832 89,300 84,872 74,793 65,710 63,299
 Live births, n 438,855 407,985 30,870 59,198 78,265 77,968 72,973 57,941 61,640
 Total MMR(95% CI)a 158 (147, 169) 146 (135, 157) 317 (257, 378) 117 (90, 143) 121 (100, 143) 108 (86, 129) 107 (83, 130) 352 (309, 395) 107 (82, 132)
MMR, maternal deaths per 100,000 live births (95% CI))b
 2010–2012 159 (139, 178) 159 (139, 178)   120 (68, 172) 135 (100, 170) 110 (74, 146) 133 (90, 176) 336 (265, 408) 141 (91, 192)
 2011–2013 151 (132, 169) 151 (132, 169)   110 (63, 158) 124 (91, 158) 99 (64, 134) 114 (74, 154) 374 (299, 450) 124 (76, 172)
 2012–2014 139 (121, 158) 139 (121, 158)   119 (71, 168) 106 (73, 139) 108 (71, 144) 101 (62, 141) 326 (255, 397) 116 (69, 163)
 2013–2015 130 (112, 148) 130 (112, 148)   106 (63, 150) 92 (59, 125) 106 (70, 142) 81 (45, 117) 323 (253, 393) 108 (63, 153)
 2014–2016 149 (131, 168) 130 (112, 148) 289 (213, 365) 114 (70, 158) 82 (48, 115) 117 (79, 155) 92 (53, 131) 326 (255, 397) 77 (40, 114)
 2015–2017 162 (143, 181) 143 (124, 162) 289 (215, 364) 130 (84, 176) 109 (70, 148) 97 (62, 132) 98 (58, 138) 386 (307, 465) 89 (50, 129)
 2016–2018 168 (148, 188) 149 (129, 169) 294 (220, 369) 124 (79, 169) 136 (91, 181) 107 (69, 145) 103 (61, 144) 404 (321, 488) 72 (36, 108)
  1. a Maternal Newborn Health Registry 2010–2018 deliveries, excluding women lost to follow-up prior to delivery or missing maternal status at 42 days. Clusters collecting data during the enti re period of 2010–2018, or 2014–2018 for DRC
  2. b Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. The 95% confidence interval for the MMR is approximated using the variance of the proportion of maternal deaths for each site and year