Skip to main content

Table 2 Birth weights (g) by region and year

From: Regional trends in birth weight in low- and middle-income countries 2013–2018

Year Africa Asia Central America (CA) Africa vs. Asia Africa vs. CA Asia vs. CA
Unadjusted Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean diff. (SD) p value Mean diff. (SD) p value Mean diff. (SD) p value
2013 3186 (463) 2717 (450) 2928 (452) 469 (455)  < 0.001 258 (459)  < 0.001 − 211 (451)  < 0.001
2014 3172 (454) 2730 (472) 2922 (451) 441 (465)  < 0.001 249 (453)  < 0.001 − 192 (465)  < 0.001
2015 3168 (458) 2717 (482) 2909 (478) 451 (473)  < 0.001 258 (466)  < 0.001 − 193 (481)  < 0.001
2016 3148 (465) 2716 (477) 2897 (440) 432 (472)  < 0.001 251 (455)  < 0.001 − 181 (465)  < 0.001
2017 3149 (467) 2714 (464) 2889 (456) 434 (465)  < 0.001 260 (462)  < 0.001 − 174 (461)  < 0.001
2018 3149 (449) 2713 (452) 2874 (448) 436 (451)  < 0.001 275 (448)  < 0.001 − 161 (451)  < 0.001
Year Africa Asia Central America (CA) Africa vs. Asia Africa vs. CA Asia vs. CA
Adjusted Mean (SE) Mean (SE) Mean (SE) Mean diff. (SE) p value Mean diff. (SE) p value Mean diff. (SE) p value
2013 3105 (13) 2757 (10) 2918 (18) 348 (17)  < 0.001 187 (22)  < 0.001 − 161 (20)  < 0.001
2014 3100 (13) 2755 (10) 2909 (17) 345 (17)  < 0.001 191 (22)  < 0.001 − 154 (20)  < 0.001
2015 3095 (13) 2753 (10) 2901 (17) 342 (17)  < 0.001 194 (22)  < 0.001 − 148 (20)  < 0.001
2016 3089 (13) 2751 (10) 2892 (17) 339 (17)  < 0.001 197 (22)  < 0.001 − 141 (20)  < 0.001
2017 3084 (13) 2748 (10) 2883 (17) 335 (17)  < 0.001 201 (22)  < 0.001 − 135 (20)  < 0.001
2018 3078 (13) 2746 (10) 2874 (18) 332 (17)  < 0.001 204 (22)  < 0.001 − 128 (20)  < 0.001
  1. Adjusted means obtained from models with the following variables: year, region, year × region interaction, maternal age, parity, year × parity interaction, education, maternal weight, maternal height, infant sex, and time between birth and weight measurement