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Table 3 Themes derived from the data

From: Preconception care practices in Nigeria: a descriptive qualitative study

Themes Sub-themes
Preconception practices and services provided No defined preconception care service
Health information, education and counselling
Medical check-up and screening
How preconception care is provided No laid down structure or guideline: services are provided as the need arises for
 People with diabetes, hypertension, sickle cell disorder or other medical illnesses
 Those who have had complications in previous pregnancies
When demanded by clients
 Due to delay in pregnancy or infertility
 Some educated or knowledgeable clients
Programs and services related to preconception care Related cultural practices
Premarital counselling
 Provided by religious groups—Christian and Muslim
Family Life and HIV Education (FLHE)
 For secondary school students
Services provided by Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs)
 Association for Reproductive and Family Health (ARFH) and other similar agencies
Some government-sponsored programs