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Table 2 Themes and sub-themes identified

From: Realising sexual and reproductive health and rights of adolescent girls and young women living in slums in Uganda: a qualitative study

Theme Sub-theme
Understanding of Sexual Health including sexually transmitted infections and HIV Myths and misconceptions
Knowledge of HIV among adolescent girls and young women (AGWY)
Barriers to education provision
Understanding of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) Understanding of consent
Understanding of health and rights
Lack of knowledge about SRHR
Lack of knowledge preventing redress of rights
Lack of knowledge as a barrier to healthcare
Understanding of SRHR by stakeholders
Sources of knowledge for AGWY
Sources of knowledge for stakeholders
Sources of support Support whilst menstruating or sick
Disintegration of family system of support
Role of peers
Source of support in case of harassment
Where to go for justice
Experience of healthcare Respect needed to improve healthcare
Positive experience of healthcare
Needs unrecognised among AGWY
Different treatment if poor
Use of non-traditional medicine due to fear or cost
Lack of resources or medications
Lack of psychological support
Poor service at hospital
Age, maturity and legal age Age at maturity
Being treated differently due to age
Stigma due to age
Education needed to support young people
Violations of rights and context People with money are treated differently
Attempted corruption
Violations within healthcare
Breach of confidentiality
Stigma associated with violation
Normalisation of sexual assault
Taking advantage of AGYW
Poverty as a driver for rights violations
Power imbalance as a driver for rights violations
Barriers to justice Barrier to justice Prioritising reputation
Barrier to justice: Cost/corruption
Experiences of corruption
Barrier to justice: Stigma
Health professionals not testifying following rape
Threats from violators
Concern from victim they will be left without support
Police not doing their job properly
Only school attendees taken seriously
Role of parents Parents forcing child marriage
Parents do not believe in family planning
Parents not open with children
Belief that children will copy parents’ behaviours
Home environment as a driver for violation
Money as a driver for child marriage
Services available Services available for HIV
Services available from interviewees
Traditional healers
Barriers to healthcare access Lack of husband’s presence as a barrier to access
Fear as a barrier to healthcare
Distance as a barrier to healthcare
Stigma as a barrier to access
Husband as barrier to access
Parents as a barrier to access
Cost as a barrier to access
Language as a barrier
Rumours as a barrier to care
Consequences of pregnancy Thrown out due to pregnancy
School dropout due to pregnancy
Drivers for violations Alcohol and drugs as driver for violations
Belief that AGWY dressed inappropriately
Money as a driver for exploitation
Redress of rights and challenges Informal redress of rights
Delay in redress
Length of sentence felt to be too short
Sources of information regarding SRHR and services and areas for improvement / challenge How AGWY know about service availability
Need to educate boys as well as girls
Misconceptions among stakeholders
Resistance to learning among AGYW
Slum context for learning
Feelings that AGYW will not do as told
Need for education
Need to advertise services more
Changes needed to allow redress of rights Need for empowerment
Government needs to change policy/law
Suggestions for services Training for stakeholders
More funding
Stop corruption
Increase service availability
Empower women