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Table 4 Result of direct, indirect and total impact of Spatial Autoregressive model (SAR) for any modern spacing method in India, 2015–16

From: Spatial heterogeneity in discontinuation of modern spacing method in districts of India

  Variables dy/dx P-value 95% CI Significant
Direct Mean year of Schooling 1.38 0.42 − 2.00 4.75
  MII − 0.02 0.55 − 0.10 0.05
  Parity2+ − 0.33 0.22 − 0.85 0.20
  Unmet need 0.84 0.00 0.55 1.14***
  Female Sterilization 0.54 0.01 0.14 0.95***
  Method attribute and failure opposition 0.04 0.27 − 0.03 0.12
  Desire of children 0.26 0.10 − 0.05 0.57*
  Visit health facility − 0.03 0.59 − 0.15 0.09
  Schedule caste/Schedule tribe − 0.09 0.01 − 0.15 − 0.03***
  Urban − 0.07 0.02 − 0.14 − 0.01**
  Occupation 0.09 0.18 − 0.04 0.22
Indirect Mean year of Schooling − 0.03 0.65 − 0.15 0.09
  MII 0.00 0.69 0.00 0.00
  Parity2+ 0.01 0.62 − 0.02 0.03
  Unmet need − 0.02 0.58 − 0.08 0.04
  Female Sterilization − 0.01 0.59 − 0.05 0.03
  Method attribute and failure opposition 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.00
  Desire of children − 0.01 0.61 − 0.03 0.01
  Visit health facility 0.00 0.71 0.00 0.00
  Schedule caste/Schedule tribe 0.00 0.59 0.00 0.01
  Urban 0.00 0.60 0.00 0.01
  Occupation 0.00 0.62 − 0.01 0.01
Total Mean year of Schooling 1.35 0.43 − 1.96 4.66
  MII − 0.02 0.55 − 0.10 0.05
  Parity2+ − 0.32 0.22 − 0.84 0.19
  Unmet need 0.82 0.00 0.53 1.12***
  Female Sterilization 0.53 0.01 0.13 0.94***
  Method attribute and failure opposition 0.04 0.28 − 0.03 0.12
  Desire of children 0.26 0.10 − 0.05 0.56*
  Visit health facility − 0.03 0.59 − 0.15 0.09
  Schedule caste/schedule tribe − 0.09 0.01 − 0.15 − 0.03***
  Urban − 0.07 0.02 − 0.13 − 0.01**
  Occupation 0.09 0.18 − 0.04 0.22
  1. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1 (indicates statistically significant)