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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of married couples enrolled in CHARM2 in rural Maharashtra, India (N = 961)

From: Male–female concordance in reported involvement of women in contraceptive decision-making and its association with modern contraceptive use among couples in rural Maharashtra, India

Variable Overall, n (%) Current modern FP use
Yes, n (%) No, n (%)
Modern contraceptive use (3 mo)    
 Yes 368 (38.29%)
 No 593 (61.71%)
Type of contraceptive used (3 mo) (N = 958)    
 None 372 (38.83%)
 Withdrawal or rythm 222 (23.17%)
 Male condoms 246 (25.68%)
Pills 31 (3.24%)
IUDs 87 (9.08%)
Couple concordance on contraceptive decision-making    
 Concordant 1 (women and men agreement): Women-Involved (women only or joint) 676 (70.34%) 285 (77.45%) 391 (65.94%)
 Concordant 2: Women Uninvolved (men only or other) 40 (4.16%) 11 (2.99%) 29 (4.89%)
 Discordant 1: Women-Report Women Involved and Men-Report Women Uninvolved 127 (13.22%) 46 (12.50%) 81 (13.66%)
 Discordant 2: Women-Report Women Uninvolved and Men-Report Women Involved 1198(12.22%) 26 (7.07%) 92 (15.51%)
Age in years (Mean, SD) 24.11 (2.92) 24.58 (2.85) 23.83 (2.94)
Age at marriage in years (Mean, SD) 19.42 (2.36) 19.49 (2.33) 19.38 (2.39)
Husband’s age in years (Mean, SD) 29.65 (3.70) 30.12 (3.72) 29.35 (3.66)
Education    
 No education + Primary 138 (14.36%) 45 (12.23%) 93 (15.68%)
 Secondary or higher 823 (85.64%) 323 (87.77%) 500 (84.32%)
Husband’s education    
 No education + Primary 134 (13.94%) 44 (11.96%) 90 (15.18%)
 Secondary or higher 827 (86.06%) 324 (88.04%) 503 (84.82%)
Religion    
 Hindu 893 (92.92%) 336 (91.30%) 557 (93.93%)
 Other* 68 (7.08%) 32 (8.70%) 36 (6.07%)
Caste    
 General 652 (67.85%) 261 (71.92%) 391 (65.94%)
 SC/ST/OBC** 309 (32.15%) 107 (29.08%) 202 (34.06%)
Below Poverty Line (BPL) card holder    
 Yes 240 (24.97%) 86 (23.37%) 154 (25.97%)
 No 721 (75.03%) 282 (76.63%) 439 (74.03%)
Parity    
 0 104 (10.82%) 13 (3.53%) 91 (15.35%)
 1 534 (55.57%) 214 (58.15%) 320 (53.96%)
 2–5 323 (33.61%) 141 (38.32%) 182 (30.69%)
Any living sons    
 Yes 492 (51.20%) 208 (56.52%) 284 (47.89%)
 No 469 (48.80%) 160 (43.48%) 309 (52.11%)
Fertility desires    
 Have a/another child 573 (59.63%) 200 (54.35%) 373 (62.90%)
 No more/none 314 (32.67%) 135 (36.68%) 179 (30.19%)
 Undecided/Don’t know 74 (7.70%) 33 (8.97%) 41 (6.91%)
Knowledge of contraceptive methods
(Mean, Range)
4.19 (0–12) 4.50 4.00
Husband’s knowledge of contraceptive methods
(Mean, Range)
4.12 (0–11) 4.20 4.07
IPV (Physical or Sexual)***    
 Yes 109 (11.34%) 34 (9.24%) 75 (12.65%)
 No 852 (88.66%) 334 (90.76%) 518 (87.35%)
Couple concordance on contraceptive discussion    
 Both yes 247 (25.70%) 155 (42.12%) 92 (15.51%)
 Both no 261 (27.16%) 42 (11.41%) 219 (36.93%)
 Wife yes/Husband no 111 (11.55%) 56 (15.22%) 55 (9.27%)
 Wife no/Husband yes 342 (35.59%) 115 (31.25%) 227 (38.28%)
Intention to use modern contraceptive in 3mo    
 Yes 484 (50.36%) 349 (94.84%) 135 (22.77%)
 No 477 (49.64%) 19 (5.16%) 458 (77.23%)
Total N 961 (100%) 368 (100%) 593 (100%)
  1. Excluded 240 women from 1,201 who were either pregnant (199), missing on decision-making responses (37), used an uncommon contraceptive (4), or were missing on a demographic variable (1). Mean (SD/range) are reported for continuous variables. Proportions are reported for categorical variables
  2. *Other religion includes Muslim/Buddhist/Jain/Christian/Other
  3. **SC: Scheduled Caste, ST: Scheduled Tribe, OBC: Other Backward Caste
  4. ***IPV includes report of any physical or sexual intimate partner violence, not emotional violence