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Table 3 Prevalence of sexual wellbeing indicators for boys and girls in Indonesia

From: Sexual wellbeing in early adolescence: a cross-sectional assessment among girls and boys in urban Indonesia

Variable Category Total (N = 4309) Boys (N = 2031) Girls (N = 2278) p
   n (%)
mean (SD)
n (%)
mean (SD)
n (%)
mean (SD)
 
Sexual literacy and communication      
Knowledge about HIV Mean (SD) range 1–4 0.9 (1.1) 1.1 (1.1) 0.7 (1.0)  < 0.001
Knowledge about pregnancy and contraceptives Mean (SD) range 1–6 1.7 (1.5) 2.0 (1.6) 1.5 (1.4)  < 0.001
Overall SRHR knowledge Mean (SD) range 1–10 2.6 (2.3) 3.1 (2.4) 2.2 (2.2)  < 0.001
  Low (< 50% correct) 3364 (78.1%) 1456 (71.7%) 1908 (83.8%)  < 0.001
  High (≥ 50% correct) 945 (21.9%) 575 (28.3%) 370 (16.2%)  
SRHR communication No 1371 (31.8%) 633 (31.2%) 738 (31.8%)  < 0.387
  Yes 2938 (68.2%) 1398 (68.8%) 1540 (67.6%)  
SRHR topics ever discussed* Body changes/puberty 2182 (74.3%) 964 (69.0%) 1218 (79.1%)  < 0.001
  Sexual relations 884 (30.1%) 581 (41.6%) 303 (19.7%)  < 0.001
  Pregnancy 1127 (38.4%) 593 (42.4%) 534 (34.7%)  < 0.001
  Contraceptives 649 (22.1%) 410 (29.3%) 239 (15.5%)  < 0.001
Gender attitudes      
Sexual double standard Mean (SD) range 1–5 2.7 (1.0) 2.7 (1.0) 2.7 (1.0) 0.92
Gender-stereotypical traits Mean (SD) range 1–5 3.9 (0.7) 3.9 (0.7) 3.8 (0.7)  < 0.001
Gender-stereotypical roles Mean (SD) range 1–5 3.9 (1.0) 3.9 (1.0) 3.8 (0.9) 0.054
Ok to tease a boy/girl who behaves like opposite gender Do not agree 3118 (72.4%) 1375 (67.7%) 1743 (76.5%)  < 0.001
  Agree 1191 (27.6%) 656 (32.3%) 535 (23.5%)  
Comfort with body and emerging sexuality      
Body satisfaction Mean (SD) range 1–5 3.6 (0.8) 3.8 (0.8) 3.5 (0.8)  < 0.001
  Negative 1258 (29.2%) 466 (22.9%) 792 (34.8%)  < 0.001
  Positive 3051 (70.8%) 1565 (77.1%) 1486 (65.2%)  
Comfort with pubertal development Do not agree 760 (17.6%) 455 (22.4%) 305 (13.4%)  < 0.001
  Neutral 661 (15.3%) 221 (10.9%) 440 (19.3%)  
  Agree 2888 (67.0%) 1355 (66.7%) 1533 (67.3%)  
Feelings of guilt about sexuality Low 731 (17.0%) 482 (23.7%) 249 (10.9%)  < 0.001
  High 3578 (83.0%) 1549 (76.3%) 2029 (89.1%)  
Normal to be curious about love/sexuality Do not agree 1220 (28.3%) 487 (24.0%) 733 (32.2%)  < 0.001
  Agree 2337 (54.2%) 1204 (59.3%) 1133 (49.7%)  
  Do not know 752 (17.5%) 340 (16.7%) 412 (18.1%)  
Perceived relational self-efficacy      
Communicate romantic feelings Low 2559 (59.4%) 1029 (50.7%) 1530 (67.2%)  < 0.001
  High 1750 (40.6%) 1002 (49.3%) 748 (32.8%)  
Say “no” to unwanted interaction Low 1861 (43.2%) 1006 (49.5%) 855 (37.5%)  < 0.001
  High 2448 (56.8%) 1025 (50.5%) 1423 (62.5%)  
Prevent pregnancy Low 3767 (87.4%) 1682 (82.8%) 2085 (91.5%)  < 0.001
  High 542 (12.6%) 349 (17.2%) 193 (8.5%)  
Freedom from peer bullying and violence      
Bullied by peers in last 6 months No 2155 (50.0%) 963 (47.4%) 1192 (52.3%)  < 0.001
  Yes, by both boys/girls 1721 (39.9%) 960 (47.3%) 761 (33.4%)  
  Yes, by opposite sex only 433 (10.0%) 108 (5.3%) 325 (14.3%)  
Reason for bullying± Due to gender 881 (40.9%) 455 (42.6%) 426 (39.2%) 0.111
  Other reason 1273 (59.1%) 613 (57.4%) 660 (60.8%)  
Physical violence from peers in last 6 months No 3587 (83.2%) 1525 (75.1%) 2062 (90.5%)  < 0.001
  Yes, by both boys/girls 510 (11.8%) 376 (18.5%) 134 (5.9%)  
  Yes, by opposite sex only 212 (4.9%) 130 (6.4%) 82 (3.6%)  
Any peer violence (combined bullying or physical) No 882 (43.4%) 1174 (51.5%) 2056 (47.7%)  < 0.001
  Yes 1149 (56.6%) 1104 (48.5%) 2252 (52.3%)  
  1. *Among those who ever discussed SRHR (N = 2938 total, N = 1398 boys, N = 1540 girls)
  2. ±Among those reporting bullying in the past 6 months (N = 2154 total, N = 1068 boys, N = 1086)