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Table 1 Demographics and clinical characteristics of women enrolled in the CARMA Cohort

From: Factors associated with contraceptive use among women living with HIV in Canada: a controlled, cross-sectional study

  Total Controls WLWH P-value
n = 145 n = 62 n = 83
Age, median [IQR] 37 [28–43] 31 [23–41] 39 [34–43] 0.003
Race/Ethnicity, n (%)     
 White 59 (45) 28 (45) 31 (37) 0.02
 Indigenous 39 (37) 11 (18) 28 (34)  
 African/Caribbean/Black 24 (17) 8 (13) 16 (19)  
 Other/unknown 23 (17) 15 (24) 8 (10)  
Education, n (%)     
 ≤ High School Graduate 59 (41) 16 (26) 43 (52)  < 0.001
 Some Post Secondary 76 (52) 45 (73) 31 (37)  
Income, n (%)     
 < $15,000/y 60 (42) 19 (30) 41 (49) 0.006
 ≥ $15,000/y 75 (52) 42 (68) 33 (37)  
Number of Pregnancies, median [IQR] 2 [0–4] 0 [0–2] 3 [1–5]  < 0.001
Current Smoker, n (%) 43 (30) 9 (15) 34 (41)  < 0.001
Illicit Drug Use, n (%) 8 (6) 1 (2) 7 (8) 0.1
Prescribed Opiate Use, n (%) 31(21) 2 (3) 29 (35)  < 0.001
  1. Bolded characters represent statistically significant values
  2. Women Living with HIV (WLWH); IQR (Interquartile range); Illicit Drug Use: Current use of cocaine, crack, crystal meth, heroin, unprescribed opiates