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Table 1 Characteristics and percentage distribution of women in Ethiopia

From: Trend change in delayed first antenatal care visit among reproductive-aged women in Ethiopia: multivariate decomposition analysis

Characteristics and their categories Percentage distribution of the surveys
EDHS 2000 EDHS 2005 EDHS 2011 EDHS 2016
N = 2146 N = 2051 N = 3368 N = 4740
Maternal age
  < 20 years 6.6 5.7 4.7 5.3
 20–34 years 69.0 71.6 71.9 73.1
  ≥ 35 years 24.4 22.7 23.4 21.6
Household head
 Female 17.6 14.9 18.2 14.6
Residence
 Rural 71.7 78.5 73.1 81.6
Women educational level
 No education 64.5 62.3 52.9 53.9
 Primary education 21.2 23.1 37.2 33.2
 Secondary & above 14.3 14.6 9.9 12.9
Husband educational level
 No education 48.0 41.5 37.2 40.1
 Primary education 28.4 33.2 45.9 40.8
 Secondary & above 23.6 25.3 16.9 19.1
Maternal occupation status
 Not working 34.1 64.3 41.5 50.7
Husband occupation status
 Not working 0.5 0.9 0.9 5.8
Reading newspapers
 No 84.0 85.3 83.2 90.0
Listening to a radio
 No 56.8 49.2 37.3 33.8
Watching television
 No 84.6 78.9 52.4 74.7
Ever told about pregnancy complications
 No 72.7 68.3 79.7 55.0
Ever had terminated pregnancy
 No 83.6 89.9 89.2 90.8
Wantedness of pregnancy
 Wanted then 56.9 60.3 68.0 76.0
 Wanted later 21.3 21.5 21.7 17.3
 Wanted no more 21.8 18.2 10.3 6.7
Cesarean delivery
 No 97.8 96.3 96.0 96.5
Parity
 1 37.7 40.0 41.1 41.2
 2–4 37.7 34.3 36.8 36.4
  ≥ 5 24.6 25.7 22.1 22.4
Family size
  ≤ 2 2.5 1.9 3.3 2.1
 3–4 28.3 30.4 29.3 33.1
  ≥ 5 69.2 67.7 67.4 64.8
Ever use contraceptive
 No 81.6 75.3 61.6 58.1
 Region     
 Tigray 9.1 8.7 10.1 10.1
 Afar 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.8
 Amhara 19.3 23.8 23.7 23.0
 Oromia 39.5 33.4 36.4 33.8
 Somali 0.6 1.1 1.5 2.5
 Benshangul-Gumuz 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.2
 SNNP 22.1 24.6 9.7 23.4
 Gambla 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.3
 Harari 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
 Addis Ababa 5.6 0.5 5.4 4.0
 Dire Dawa 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6