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Table 2 Trends in the prevalence of delayed first ANC visits among women by selected characteristics between 2000 and 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Surveys

From: Trend change in delayed first antenatal care visit among reproductive-aged women in Ethiopia: multivariate decomposition analysis

Characteristics EDHS 2000 EDHS 2005 EDHS 2011 EDHS 2016 Percentage point difference in delayed first ANC visit
N = 2146 N = 2051 N = 3368 N = 4740 2000–2005 2005–2011 2011–2016 2000–2016
Delayed first ANC booking 76.8 77.3 73.6 67.3 0.5 − 3.7 − 6.3 − 9.5
Mother’s age
  < 20 years 83.4 79.7 75.4 63.5 − 3.7 − 4.3 − 12.0 − 19.9
 20–34 years 76.3 75.7 73.3 67.0 − 0.7 − 2.3 − 6.3 − 9.3
  ≥ 35 years 76.5 81.0 74.2 69.2 4.4 − 6.8 − 5.0 − 7.34
Residence
 Rural 81.6 83.8 78.9 71.0 2.2 − 4.9 − 7.9 − 10.6
 Urban 64.8 53.4 59.4 51.1 − 11.4 6.0 − 8.3 − 13.7
Household head
 Female 75.2 63.2 66.9 61.1 − 12.0 3.7 − 5.9 − 14.2
 Male 77.2 79.7 75.1 68.4 2.5 − 4.6 − 6.7 − 8.8
Women education
 No education 81.4 82.42 78.4 71.2 1.0 − 4.0 − 7.2 − 10.3
 Primary education 76.5 76.6 71.7 66.3 0.1 − 4.9 − 5.3 − 10.1
 Secondary education 56.6 56.3 55.5 53.7 − 0.3 − 0.8 − 1.8 − 2.9
Husband education
 No education 81.7 81.84 78.4 69.5 0.1 − 3.5 − 8.9 − 12.3
 Primary education 79.4 84.2 75.6 70.4 4.8 − 8.6 − 5.2 − 9.0
 Secondary education 64.2 61.1 59.5 59.6 -3.1 − 1.7 0.1 − 4.6
Wanted the last pregnancy
 Wanted then 73.6 77.4 74.4 66.9 3.8 − 2.9 − 7.6 − 6.7
 Wanted later 74.1 77.8 70.6 66.4 3.6 − 7.2 − 4.2 − 7.7
 Wanted no more 79.1 76.1 74.5 74.5 − 3.0 − 1.6 0.1 − 4.5
Women occupation
 Working 77.5 75.4 73.6 64.3 − 2.1 − 1.8 − 9.3 − 13.3
 Not working 75.5 78.3 73.7 70.2 2.8 − 4.6 − 3.5 − 5.2
Husband occupation
 Working 76.7 77.7 74.0 67.0 1.0 − 3.7 − 7.0 − 9.7
 Not working 80.9 81.1 45.4 67.3 0.2 − 35.7 21.8 − 13.6
Reading newspapers
 Yes 63.8 61.1 65.3 51.7 − 2.7 4.2 − 13.6 − 12.1
 No 79.3 80.1 75.3 69.0 0.8 − 4.8 − 6.3 − 10.3
Listening to radio
 Yes 71.0 70.4 72.5 65.2 − 0.6 2.1 − 7.3 − 5.8
 No 81.3 84.3 75.6 68.4 3.1 − 8.8 − 7.2 − 12.9
Watching television
 Yes 60.9 55.8 68.8 54.8 -5.1 13.0 − 14.0 − 6.1
 No 79.8 83.0 78.0 71.5 3.2 − 5.0 − 6.5 − 8.3
Told pregnancy complication
 Yes 73.5 67.2 64.1 63.3 − 6.3 − 3.1 − 0.8 − 10.2
 No 78.2 81.8 76.2 70.7 3.6 − 5.7 − 5.6 − 7.6
Ever terminated pregnancy
 Yes 75.9 69.5 80.0 69.2 − 9.4 10.5 − 10.8 − 6.7
 No 77.0 78.1 72.8 67.1 1.1 − 5.3 − 5.7 − 9.9
Cesarean delivery
 Yes 57.6 49.0 63.8 37.2 − 8.6 14.8 − 26.6 − 20.4
 No 77.3 78.3 74.0 68.4 1.0 − 4.3 − 5.6 − 8.9
Parity
 1 76.6 72.0 69.4 62.8 − 4.6 − 2.6 − 6.6 − 13.8
 2–4 77.4 79.1 76.1 66.9 1.7 − 3.0 − 9.2 − 10.5
  ≥ 5 76.3 82.9 77.2 76.2 6.6 − 5.7 − 1.0 − 0.1
Family size
  ≤ 2 65.0 58.8 69.3 32.4 − 6.1 10.5 − 36.8 − 32.5
 3–4 77.1 73.5 69.0 64.3 − 3.4 − 4.6 − 4.7 − 12.8
  ≥ 5 77.1 79.4 75.9 69.9 2.3 − 3.6 − 5.9 − 7.2
Ever use contraceptive
 Yes 62.2 67.8 68.1 63.3 5.6 0.3 − 4.8 1.1
 No 80.1 80.4 77.1 70.2 0.2 − 3.3 − 6.9 − 10.0
Region
 Tigray 82.2 80.0 75.8 63.0 − 2.2 − 4.2 − 12.8 − 19.2
 Afar 80.6 73.6 68.9 63.2 − 7.0 − 4.7 − 5.7 − 17.4
 Amhara 77.5 77.6 73.9 58.5 0.1 − 3.7 − 15.5 − 19.0
 Oromia 74.6 75.5 75.9 71.2 0.9 0.4 − 4.7 − 3.4
 Somalia 69.8 49.7 63.6 68.6 − 20.1 13.9 5.0 − 1.1
 Benshangul-Gumuz 81.8 82.2 84.3 76.9 0.4 2.2 − 7.4 − 4.8
 SNNPR 84.3 87.0 77.3 78.3 2.6 − 9.7 1 − 6.1
 Gambela 67.3 73.1 57.7 55.9 5.8 − 15.4 − 1.7 − 11.4
 Harari 59.7 55.7 44.6 41.4 − 3.9 − 11.1 − 3.2 − 18.2
 Addis Ababa 56.5 49.1 47.0 37.6 − 7.4 − 2.0 − 9.4 − 18.9
 Dire Dawa 56.0 46.1 42.0 31.1 − 9.9 − 4.1 − 10.9 − 24.9