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Table 5 Univariate analysis of factors associated with acceptance of COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy among male partners

From: Acceptance of COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy among Thai pregnant women and their spouses: a prospective survey

Characteristic Vaccine acceptance Crude OR
  Yes No (95% CI)
  (n = 108) (n = 68)  
Age (years)a 31 (26–35) 29 (24–34)  
Number of children    
 0 32 (47.1) 51 (47.2) Reference
 1 26 (38.2) 41 (38.0) 0.99 (0.51, 1.92)
 ≥ 2 10 (14.7) 16 (14.8) 1.00 (0.41, 2.48)
Education (years)    
 Primary education 7 (6.5) 6 (8.8) Reference
 Secondary education 60 (55.6) 45 (66.2) 1.14 (0.36, 3.63)
 College 12 (11.1) 5 (7.4) 2.06 (0.46, 9.30)
 Bachelor’s degree or higher 29 (26.8) 12 (17.6) 2.07 (0.58, 7.46)
Occupation    
 Public officer 24 (22.2) 8 (11.8) 6.00 (0.92, 39.19)
 Business owner 10 (9.3) 12 (17.6) 1.67 (0.25, 11.07)
 Employee 72 (66.7) 44 (64.7) 3.27 (0.58, 18.62)
 Unemployment 2 (1.8) 4 (5.9) Reference
Monthly income    
 < $500 35 (32.4) 30 (44.1) Reference
 $500–$999 61 (56.5) 33 (48.5) 1.59 (0.83, 3.02)
 ≥ $1000 12 (11.1) 5 (7.4) 2.06 (0.65, 6.51)
Public health insurance coverage    
 Yes 44 (40.7) 20 (29.4) 1.65 (0.86, 3.15)
 No 64 (59.3) 48 (70.6) Reference
Any underlying disease    
 Yes 10 (9.3) 3 (4.4) 2.21 (0.59, 8.34)
 No 98 (90.7) 65 (95.6) Reference
History of receiving a seasonal flu this year    
 Yes 13 (12.0) 3 (4.4) 2.97 (0.81, 10.82)
 No 95 (88.0) 65 (95.6) Reference
History of receiving COVID-19 vaccine    
 Yes 57 (52.8) 22 (32.4) 2.34 (1.24, 4.40)
 No 51 (47.2) 46 (67.6) Reference
Having relative(s) who had already received COVID-19 vaccine    
 Yes 72 (66.7) 38 (55.9) 1.58 (0.85, 2.95)
 No 36 (33.3) 30 (44.1) Reference
Having relative(s) with COVID-19 infection    
 Yes 11(10.2) 5 (7.4) 1.43 (0.47, 4.31)
 No 97 (89.8) 63 (92.6) Reference
Worry about COVID-19 infection    
 Yes 85 (78.7) 45 (66.2) 1.89 (0.96, 3.73)
 No 23 (21.3) 23 (33.8) Reference
Confidence in vaccine safety    
 Yes 77 (71.3) 5 (7.4) 31.30 (11.50, 85.20)
 No 31 (28.7) 63 (92.6) Reference
Confidence in vaccine efficacy    
 Yes 74 (68.5) 6 (8.8) 22.49 (8.86, 57.07)
 No 34 (31.5) 62 (91.2) Reference
  1. Values are reported as the median (IQR) or n (%)
  2. CI confidence interval, COVID-19 coronavirus disease 2019, OR odds ratio
  3. aP > 0.05 between husbands with and without vaccine acceptance