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Table 3 Odds ratios and confidence intervals for factors affecting communication on sexual issues between adolescent and their parents (No parents, Only one parent, and Both parents): Results from a multinomial logistic regression model

From: Determinants of communication on sexual issues between adolescents and their parents in the Adaklu district of the Volta region, Ghana: a multinomial logistic regression analysis

Factors Adolescent communication on sexual issues
With both parents With only one parent
Exp β 95% CI Exp β 95 CI
Sex
 Male 0.21** 0.06–0.75 0.37*** 0.16–0.72
 Female (RC) 0.00 0.00
Age group
 10–14 0.14*** 0.04–0.57 1.04 0.47–2.33
 15–19 (RC) 0.00 0.00
Educational level attained
 No education 4.29 0.71–25.84 1.08 0.35–3.32
 Primary 0.97 0.28–3.32 0.84 0.37–1.89
 Secondary (RC) 0.00   0.00  
Current school attendance
 Schooling 1.48 0.24–9.17 1.22 0.36–4.07
 Not Schooling (RC) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Adolescent club membership
 Not a member 0.84 0.25–2.82 0.46** 0.21–1.00
 Member (RC) 0.00 0.00
Living arrangements
 Living with both Parents (RC) 0.00   0.00  
 Living with father only 0.37 0.07–2.11 0.19*** 0.06–0.61
 Living with mother only 0.27** 0.08–0.96 0.57 0.27–1.21
Living with older brother(s)
 No 0.38 0.11–1.30 1.30 0.55–3.08
 Yes (RC) 0.00 0.00
Living with older sister(s)
 No 1.60 0.41–6.24 1.21 0.52–2.85
 Yes (RC) 0.00 0.00
Frequency of communicating with father
 Easy 7.58** 1.53–37.63 0.53 0.25–1.16
 Average 4.70 0.75–29.34 0.61 0.22–1.71
 Difficult (RC) 0.00   0.00  
Frequency of communicating with mother
 Easy 11.71** 1.23–111.80 1.84 0.73–4.65
 Average 13.56 0.84–217.10 2.16 0.64–7.34
 Difficult (RC) 0.00   0.00  
Sexual history
 Never had sex 4.80*** 9.68–20.18 0.46 0.06–3.37
 Ever had sex (RC) 0.00 0.00
History of contraception
 Never use contraceptives 3.87 8.76–35.58 0.53 0.07–4.08
 Ever use contraceptives (RC) 0.00 0.00
Sexual harassment
 Not sexually harassed 7.31** 1.41–37.71 2.33 0.87–6.27
 Sexually harassed (RC) 0.00 0.00
  1. RC = Reference Category; ***p value = 0.000; **p value = 0.001; *p value < 0.05