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Table 4 Logistic regression model results showing the association between adolescent girls’ social environment and sexual debut

From: Impact of social environment on sexual behaviors of adolescent girls in 12 sub-Saharan African countries: a cross-sectional study

Country Social environment Sexual debut
  OR (95% CI) p-value AOR
(95% CI)
p-value
Botswana Parental monitoring Not monitored 2.02 (1.37–2.97) 0.002 1.88 (1.14–3.10) 0.017
   Monitored (ref)     
  Parental connectedness Not connected 1.30 (0.93–1.83) 0.113 1.12 (0.77–1.62) 0.530
   Connected (ref)     
  Perceived peer support Not supported 1.12 (0.76–1.65) 0.556 0.99 (0.57–1.72) 0.960
   Supported (ref)     
Ghana Parental monitoring Not monitored 1.55 (1.34–2.12) 0.007 1.15 (0.83–1.60) 0.386
Monitored (ref)
Parental connectedness Not connected 1.43 (1.00–2.05) 0.052 1.23 (0.77–1.96) 0.379
Connected (ref)
Perceived peer support Not supported 1.54 (1.14–2.08) 0.006 1.22 (0.83–1.79) 0.309
Supported (ref)
Kenya Parental monitoring Not monitored 0.98 (0.54–1.68) 0.948 0.84 (0.41–1.74) 0.628
Monitored (ref)
Parental connectedness Not connected 1.12 (0.80–1.58) 0.506 1.15 (0.76–1.73) 0.502
Connected (ref)
Perceived peer support Not supported 1.38 (1.001–1.90) 0.049** 1.33 (0.98–1.79) 0.063
Supported (ref)
Mauritania Parental monitoring Not monitored 1.13 (0.69–1.85) 0.612 1.26(0.73–2.18) 0.379
Monitored (ref)
Parental connectedness Not connected 1.01 (0.58–1.74) 0.981 0.72 (0.4–1.29) 0.244
Connected (ref)
Perceived peer support Not supported 1.48 (0.85–2.56) 0.147 1.35 (0.7–2.62) 0.341
Supported (ref)
Mozambique Parental monitoring Not monitored 1.43 (1.07–1.89) 0.018 1.28 (0.82–1.99) 0.256
Monitored (ref)
Parental connectedness Not connected 1.19 (0.81–1.75) 0.360 0.99 (0.68–1.43) 0.936
Connected (ref)
Perceived peer support Not supported 1.04 (0.59–1.82) 0.886 0.98 (0.60–1.61) 0.943
Supported (ref)
Namibia Parental monitoring Not monitored 1.49 (1.12–1.99) 0.009 1.24 (0.91–1.71) 0.171
Monitored (ref)
Parental connectedness Not connected 1.43 (1.05–1.93) 0.024 1.34 (0.96–1.88) 0.083
Connected (ref)
Perceived peer support Not supported 1.21 (0.95–1.55) 0.116 1.25 (0.97–1.62) 0.076
Supported (ref)
Senegal Parental monitoring Not monitored 1.76 (0.92–3.38) 0.084 1.09 (0.59–2.01) 0.770
Monitored (ref)
Parental connectedness Not connected 2.72 (1.29–5.72) 0.013 2.36 (0.98–5.68) 0.054
Connected (ref)
Perceived peer support Not supported 2.36 (1.31–4.25) 0.008 1.73 (1.19–2.53) 0.008
Supported (ref)
Seychelles Parental monitoring Not monitored 2.30 (1.71–3.10) 0.000 2.27 (1.61–3.20) 0.000
Monitored (ref)
Parental connectedness Not connected 1.53 (1.19–1.96) 0.001 1.04 (0.76–1.40) 0.818
Connected (ref)
Perceived peer support Not supported 1.21 (0.93–1.57) 0.150 1.10 (0.84–1.44) 0.485
Supported (ref)
Swaziland Parental monitoring Not monitored 1.75 (1.33–2.30) 0.000 1.59 (1.17–2.15) 0.003
Monitored (ref)
Parental connectedness Not connected 1.93 (1.48–2.51) 0.000 1.35 (0.94–1.94) 0.102
Connected (ref)
Perceived peer support Not supported 1.20 (0.89–1.62) 0.229 0.99 (0.69–1.41) 0.949
Supported (ref)
Tanzania Parental monitoring Not monitored 1.50 (1.09–2.06) 0.014 1.01 (0.69–1.48) 0.946
  Monitored (ref)
  Parental connectedness Not connected 1.90 (1.43–2.53) 0.000 1.78 (1.25–2.53) 0.003
  Connected (ref)
  Perceived peer support Not supported 1.35 (0.99–1.83) 0.761 1.23 (0.94–1.60) 0.120
   Supported (ref)     
Uganda Parental monitoring Not monitored 1.60 (1.02–2.53) 0.044 1.41 (0.74–2.68) 0.278
Monitored (ref)
Parental connectedness Not connected 1.95 (1.44–2.63) 0.000 1.92 (1.32–2.78) 0.001
Connected (ref)
Perceived peer support Not supported 1.38 (0.94–2.04) 0.098 1.04 (0.75–1.44) 0.796
Supported (ref)
Zambia Parental monitoring Not monitored 2.03 (1.01–4.09) 0.047 0.92 (0.39–2.17) 0.832
Monitored (ref)
Parental connectedness Not connected 2.06 (1.18–5.71) 0.021 2.12 (0.87–5.12) 0.092
Connected (ref)
Perceived peer support Not supported 0.92 (0.50–1.67) 0.761 0.81 (0.38–1.74) 0.563
Supported (ref)
All countries Parental monitoring Not monitored 1.29 (1.09–1.52) 0.003 1.12 (0.93–1.35) 0.231
Monitored (ref)
Parental connectedness Not connected 1.30 (1.13–1.51) 0.000 1.32 (1.14–1.53) 0.000
Connected (ref)
Perceived peer support Not supported 1.16 (0.99–1.37) 0.075 1.13 (0.97–1.31) 0.119
Supported (ref)
  1. –adjusted for age, class Grade and drug use; **Borderline significance