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  1. Women’s empowerment is multidimensional. Women’s education, employment, income, reproductive healthcare decision making, household level decision making and social status are vital for women’s empowerment. Nep...

    Authors: Heera KC, Mangala Shrestha, Nirmala Pokharel, Surya Raj Niraula, Prajjwal Pyakurel and Surya Bahadur Parajuli

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:28

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. In rural areas of Ethiopia, 57% of births occur at home without the assistance of skilled birth attendants, geographical inaccessibility being one of the main factors that hinder skilled birth attendance. Esta...

    Authors: Mekdes Kondale Gurara, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Befikadu Tariku Gutema, Veerle Draulans and Yves Jacquemyn

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:27

    Content type: Research

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  3. A coherent sexuality education program for adolescents is part of their sexual and reproductive rights and can help them have a healthier future. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the perspective...

    Authors: Keshvar Samadaee Gelehkolaee, Raziyeh Maasoumi, Seyed Ali Azin, Saharnaz Nedjat, Moslem Parto and Ilia Zamani Hajiabadi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. Ethiopia is one of the nations which has an enormous burden of intimate partner violence (IPV), and where it is usually difficult to talk about HIV separately from IPV.

    Authors: Mengistu Meskele, Nelisiwe Khuzwayo and Myra Taylor

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:25

    Content type: Research

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  5. Sexual and reproductive health (SRH), a globally recognized fundamental health concern and a basic human right is poorly addressed and seldom researched in the Arab world. Disregarding this aspect of health cr...

    Authors: Maya Hamdanieh, Louna Ftouni, Bara’a Al Jardali, Racha Ftouni, Chaymaa Rawas, Marina Ghotmi, Mohammad Hussein El Zein, Sara Ghazi and Salah Malas

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. While cesarean section is an essential life-saving strategy for women and newborns, its current overuse constitutes a global problem. The aim of this formative research is to collect information from hospitals...

    Authors: Silvina Ramos, Mariana Romero, Carla Perrotta, Yanina Sguassero, Cecilia Straw, Celina Gialdini, Natalia Righetti and Ana P. Betran

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:23

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  7. Menstrual hygiene management can be challenging in low-income settings and among school-aged girls due to traditional beliefs, lack of knowledge and information on best hygienic practices, and limited access t...

    Authors: Diksha Pokhrel, Sabina Bhattarai, Malin Emgård, Michael von Schickfus, Birger C. Forsberg and Olivia Biermann

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. Expanding access and use of effective contraception is important in achieving universal access to reproductive healthcare services, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), such as those in sub-...

    Authors: Leopold Ouedraogo, Desire Habonimana, Triphonie Nkurunziza, Asmani Chilanga, Elamin Hayfa, Tall Fatim, Nancy Kidula, Ghislaine Conombo, Assumpta Muriithi and Pamela Onyiah

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:22

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  9. While the Kenya government is mobilizing high-level strategies to end adolescent pregnancy by 2030, a clear understanding of drivers of early unintended pregnancy in the country is a necessary precursor. In th...

    Authors: Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Sally Atieno Odunga, Clement Oduor, Ramatou Ouedraogo, Boniface Ayanbekongshie Ushie and Yohannes Dibaba Wado

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:19

    Content type: Research

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  10. Access to quality, effective lifesaving uterotonics in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) remains a major barrier to reducing maternal deaths from postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). Our objective was to assess...

    Authors: Fiona Theunissen, Isotta Cleps, Shivaprasad Goudar, Zahida Qureshi, Olorunfemi Oludele Owa, Kidza Mugerwa, Gilda Piaggio, A. Metin Gülmezoglu, Miriam Nakalembe, Josaphat Byamugisha, Alfred Osoti, Sura Mandeep, Teko Poriot, George Gwako, Sunil Vernekar and Mariana Widmer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:57

  11. Intrauterine devices are the most effective long-acting reversible contraceptives, but in many developing countries, such as Jamaica, these devices remain underutilized.

    Authors: Sarah G. Franklin, Maya O’Neal, Ambreanna Arneus, Calvin Colvin, Maung Aung and Pauline E. Jolly

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:17

    Content type: Research

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  12. Most maternal deaths occur during the intrapartum and peripartum periods in sub-Saharan Africa, emphasizing the importance of timely access to quality health service for childbirth and postpartum care. Increas...

    Authors: Bienvenu Salim Camara, Alexandre Delamou, Fassou Mathias Grovogui, Bregje Christina de Kok, Lenka Benova, Alison Marie El Ayadi, Rene Gerrets, Koen Peeters Grietens and Thérèse Delvaux

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:16

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  13. Despite documented benefits of contraceptives, uptake among young people aged 20–24 years is high compared to adolescents aged 15–19 years in Malawi. As the world’s population of 15–19-year-olds continues to g...

    Authors: Andrew Kondaine Makwinja, Zione Mchikaya Maida and Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:15

    Content type: Research

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  14. Reducing the burden of unsafe abortion rests considerably on women’s ability to access appropriate and timely treatment or services. A critical component of that care relies on a functional supply chain to ens...

    Authors: Ghazaleh Samandari, Nathalie Kapp, Christopher Hamon and Allison Campbell

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:14

    Content type: Commentary

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  15. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is marked in 30 to 40% by insulin resistance and hyperandrogenism. Myo-inositol (MI) increases insulin sensitivity, decreases hyperandrogenism and improves the menstrual cycle....

    Authors: Philippe Merviel, Pandora James, Sarah Bouée, Mathilde Le Guillou, Camille Rince, Charlotte Nachtergaele and Véronique Kerlan

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:13

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  16. The Covid-19 pandemic affects maternal health both directly and indirectly, and direct and indirect effects are intertwined. To provide a comprehensive overview on this broad topic in a rapid format behooving ...

    Authors: Bethany Kotlar, Emily Gerson, Sophia Petrillo, Ana Langer and Henning Tiemeier

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:10

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  17. Globally, reproductive health programs have used mHealth to provide sexual and reproductive health (SRH) education and services to young people, through diverse communication channels. However, few attempts ha...

    Authors: Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Adeel Khoja, Armish Asad and Sarah Saleem

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:9

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  18. Misconceptions about the usefulness of condoms and other contraceptives still expose many unmarried adolescents to the risk of unwanted teenage pregnancies and sexually-transmitted infections (STIs). This stud...

    Authors: Chinyere Ojiugo Mbachu, Ifunanya Clara Agu, Chinonso Obayi, Irene Eze, Nkoli Ezumah and Obinna Onwujekwe

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:7

    Content type: Research

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  19. Adolescents 360 (A360) is an initiative being rolled out across Nigeria with the aim of increasing voluntary modern contraception use among women aged 15 to 19 years. Using evaluation study baseline data, we i...

    Authors: Emily E. Crawford, Christina J. Atchison, Yewande P. Ajayi and Aoife M. Doyle

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. For most parents, getting pregnant means having a child. Generally, the couple outlines plans and has expectations regarding the baby. When these plans are interrupted because of a perinatal loss, it turns out...

    Authors: Heloisa de Oliveira Salgado, Carla Betina Andreucci, Ana Clara Rezende Gomes and João Paulo Souza

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:5

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  21. Unintended pregnancies (UIP) have a significant impact on health of women and the health budget of countries. Contraception is an effective way to prevent UIPs. The study objective was to collate evidence on c...

    Authors: Kusum V. Moray, Himanshu Chaurasia, Oshima Sachin and Beena Joshi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. Cesarean section (CS) rates have been increasing globally. Iran has one of the highest CS rates in the world (47.9%). This review was conducted to assess the prevalence of and reasons for women’s, family membe...

    Authors: Mahboubeh Shirzad, Elham Shakibazadeh, Khadijeh Hajimiri, Ana Pilar Betran, Shayesteh Jahanfar, Meghan A. Bohren, Newton Opiyo, Qian Long, Carol Kingdon, Mercedes Colomar and Mehrandokht Abedini

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:3

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  23. Understanding women’s desire to have more children is critical for planning towards future reproductive health behaviour. We examined the association between socio-economic and demographic factors and fertilit...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Ebenezer Kwesi Armah-Ansah, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Eugene Budu and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. While the situation of married adolescent girls in Tanzania is increasingly documented, empirical evidence concerning the ways in which child marriage impacts girls’ and young women’s sexual lives is limited. ...

    Authors: Christine Mwanukuzi and Tumaini Nyamhanga

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Global caesarean section (CS) rates have raised concern of a potential overuse of the procedure in both high- and low-resource settings. We sought to assess management and outcomes of deliveries with emergency...

    Authors: Helena Litorp, Rejina Gurung, Mats Målqvist and Ashish Kc

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:197

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant of health globally and an important explanatory variable to assess causality in epidemiological research. The 10th Sustainable Development Goal is to redu...

    Authors: Archana B. Patel, Carla M. Bann, Ana L. Garces, Nancy F. Krebs, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl L. Bose, Sarah Saleem, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Carlo, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Marion Koso-Thomas…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):193

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  27. Pakistan has among the poorest pregnancy outcomes worldwide, significantly worse than many other low-resource countries. The reasons for these differences are not clear. In this study, we compared pregnancy ou...

    Authors: Aleha Aziz, Sarah Saleem, Tracy L. Nolen, Nousheen Akber Pradhan, Elizabeth M. McClure, Saleem Jessani, Ana L. Garces, Patricia L. Hibberd, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Fabian Esamai, Constance Tenge, Archana B. Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):190

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  28. Preterm birth continues to be a major public health problem contributing to 75% of the neonatal mortality worldwide. Low birth weight (LBW) is an important but imperfect surrogate for prematurity when accurate...

    Authors: Yamini V. Pusdekar, Archana B. Patel, Kunal G. Kurhe, Savita R. Bhargav, Vanessa Thorsten, Ana Garces, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Fabian Esamai, Elwyn Chomba, Melissa Bauserman, Carl L. Bose, Edward A. Liechty, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard J. Derman…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):187

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  29. Nulliparity has been associated with lower birth weight (BW) and other adverse pregnancy outcomes, with most of the data coming from high-income countries. In this study, we examined birth weight for gestation...

    Authors: Ana Garces, Wilton Perez, Margo S. Harrison, Kay S. Hwang, Tracy L. Nolen, Robert L. Goldenberg, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Jacquelyn Patterson, Marion Koso-Thomas, Elizabeth M. McClure…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):182

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  30. Few studies have shown how the move toward institutional delivery in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) impacts stillbirth and newborn mortality.

    Authors: Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Norman Goco, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Avinash Kavi, Sunil S. Vernekar, Antoinette Tshefu, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces, Sarah Saleem, Farnaz Naqvi, Archana Patel, Fabian Esamai, Carl L. Bose, Waldemar A. Carlo, Nancy F. Krebs, Patricia L. Hibberd…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):179

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  31. To determine the gender differences in neonatal mortality, stillbirths, and perinatal mortality in south Asia using the Global Network data from the Maternal Newborn Health Registry.

    Authors: Zubair H. Aghai, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Avinash Kavi, Parth Lalakia, Farnaz Naqvi, Patricia L. Hibberd, Elizabeth M. McClure, Tracy L. Nolen, Pooja Iyer, Robert L. Goldenberg and Richard J. Derman

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):178

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  32. Birth weight (BW) is a strong predictor of neonatal outcomes. The purpose of this study was to compare BWs between global regions (south Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, Central America) prospectively and to determin...

    Authors: Irene Marete, Osayame Ekhaguere, Carla M. Bann, Sherri L. Bucher, Paul Nyongesa, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Sarah Saleem, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Ana L. Garces, Nancy F. Krebs, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Carlo, Adrien Lokangaka…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):176

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  33. Maternal mortality is a public health problem that disproportionately affects low and lower-middle income countries (LMICs). Appropriate data sources are lacking to effectively track maternal mortality and mon...

    Authors: Melissa Bauserman, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Tracy L. Nolen, Jackie Patterson, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Ana L. Garces, Lester Figueroa, Nancy F. Krebs, Fabian Esamai, Paul Nyongesa, Edward A. Liechty, Waldemar A. Carlo, Elwyn Chomba…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):173

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  34. The objectives of this analysis were to document trends in and risk factors associated with the cesarean birth rate in low- and middle-income country sites participating in the Global Network for Women’s and C...

    Authors: Margo S. Harrison, Ana L. Garces, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Janet L. Moore, Fabian Esamai, Archana B. Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Carl L. Bose, Edward A. Liechty, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard J. Derman, Patricia L. Hibberd, Waldemar A. Carlo, Antoinette Tshefu, Marion Koso-Thomas…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):165

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  35. The physical environment profoundly affects women's well-being during childbirth in family-centered unit. A LDRP, which is an acronym for labor, delivery, recovery, and postpartum that describes a maternity un...

    Authors: Behnam Kazemi Esfeh, Ashraf Kazemi and Aida Shamsaie

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:196

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  36. Universal access to contraception is an important strategy adopted by the South African government to reduce the high rate of unintended pregnancies, especially in women living with HIV. In this article, we de...

    Authors: Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Oluwaseyi Dolapo Somefun and John Shearer Lambert

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:194

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Dropout of infertility treatments is a global issue and many factors play role in this phenomenon. It is one of the most challenges in life of infertile couples. The purpose of this study was to determine drop...

    Authors: Maryam Ghorbani, Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini, Masud Yunesian and Afsaneh Keramat

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:192

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  38. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for pregnancy among HIV-positive adolescents in a large HIV treatment program in western Kenya.

    Authors: Heather C. Millar, Alfred K. Keter, Beverly S. Musick, Edith Apondi, Juddy Wachira, Katherine R. MacDonald, Rachel F. Spitzer and Paula Braitstein

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:191

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Neonatal mortality causes a substantial proportion of the under-5 mortality in low and middle-income countries (LMIC).

    Authors: Sangappa M. Dhaded, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Janet L. Moore, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sunil S. Vernekar, S. Yogeshkumar, Avinash Kavi, Umesh Y. Ramadurg, Tracy L. Nolen, Robert L. Goldenberg, Richard J. Derman and Shivaprasad S. Goudar

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):161

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  40. Quality assurance (QA) is a process that should be an integral part of research to protect the rights and safety of study participants and to reduce the likelihood that the results are affected by bias in data...

    Authors: Ana Garces, Emily MacGuire, Holly L. Franklin, Norma Alfaro, Gustavo Arroyo, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Antoinette Tshefu, Rashidul Haque, Jacquelyn K. Patterson, Edward A. Liechty, Richard J. Derman…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):159

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  41. Due to high fertility rates in some low and lower-middle income countries, the interval between pregnancies can be short, which may lead to adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.

    Authors: Melissa Bauserman, Kayla Nowak, Tracy L. Nolen, Jackie Patterson, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Ana L. Garces, Lester Figueroa, Nancy F. Krebs, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Waldemar A. Carlo, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):157

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  42. Congenital anomalies are a significant cause of death and disability for infants, especially in low and middle-income countries (LMIC), where 95% of all deaths due to anomalies occur. Limited data on the preva...

    Authors: Lester Figueroa, Ana Garces, K. Michael Hambidge, Elizabeth M. McClure, Janet Moore, Robert Goldenberg and Nancy F. Krebs

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):153

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  43. The Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research (Global Network, GN) has established the Maternal Newborn Health Registry (MNHR) to assess MNH outcomes over time. Bangladesh is the newest country...

    Authors: Sk Masum Billah, Rashidul Haque, Atique Iqbal Chowdhury, Md Shahjahan Siraj, Qazi Sadequr Rahman, Tanvir Hossain, Asraful Alam, Masud Alam, Chelsea Marie, Beth McGrath, Shams El Arifeen and William A. Petri Jr

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):148

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

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