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  1. Content type: Research

    Stillbirth rates remain high, especially in low and middle-income countries, where rates are 25 per 1000, ten-fold higher than in high-income countries. The United Nations’ Every Newborn Action Plan has set a ...

    Authors: Sarah Saleem, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Elizabeth M. McClure, Janet L. Moore, Syed Iqbal Azam, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Irene Marete, Constance Tenge, Fabian Esamai, Archana B. Patel, Sumera Aziz Ali, Farnaz Naqvi, Musaku Mwenchanya…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15(Suppl 1):100

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  2. Content type: Protocol

    In South Asia, where most stillbirths and neonatal deaths occur, much remains unknown about the causes of these deaths. About one-third of neonatal deaths are attributed to prematurity, yet the specific condit...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. McClure, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, G. Guruprasad, Yogesh Kumar, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Masood Kadir, Jamal Raza, Haleema Yasmin, Janet L. Moore, Jean Kim, Carla Bann, Lindsay Parlberg, Anna Aceituno, Waldemar A. Carlo…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15(Suppl 1):89

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  3. Content type: Research

    Hypertensive disorders are the second highest direct obstetric cause of maternal death after haemorrhage, accounting for 14% of maternal deaths globally. Pregnancy hypertension contributes to maternal deaths, ...

    Authors: Umesh Charanthimath, Marianne Vidler, Geetanjali Katageri, Umesh Ramadurg, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Avinash Kavi, Anjali Joshi, Geetanjali Mungarwadi, Sheshidhar Bannale, Sangamesh Rakaraddi, Diane Sawchuck, Rahat Qureshi, Sumedha Sharma, Beth A. Payne, Peter von Dadelszen, Richard Derman…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15(Suppl 1):101

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  4. Content type: Review

    Maternal mortality continues to be of great public health importance, however for each woman who dies as the direct or indirect result of pregnancy, many more women experience life-threatening complications. T...

    Authors: Stacie E. Geller, Abigail R. Koch, Caitlin E. Garland, E. Jane MacDonald, Francesca Storey and Beverley Lawton

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15(Suppl 1):98

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  5. Content type: Research

    Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are major causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. Magnesium sulphate is accepted as the anticonvulsant of choice in these conditions and is present on the WHO essential medicine...

    Authors: Geetanjali Katageri, Umesh Charantimath, Anjali Joshi, Marianne Vidler, Umesh Ramadurg, Sumedha Sharma, Sheshidhar Bannale, Beth A. Payne, Sangamesh Rakaraddi, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Geetanjali Mungarwadi, Avinash Kavi, Diane Sawchuck, Richard Derman, Shivaprasad Goudar, Ashalata Mallapur…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15(Suppl 1):91

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  6. Content type: Commentary

    This paper reviews the very large discrepancies in pregnancy outcomes between high, low and middle-income countries and then presents the medical causes of maternal mortality, stillbirth and neonatal mortality...

    Authors: Robert L. Goldenberg, Elizabeth M. McClure and Sarah Saleem

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15(Suppl 1):88

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  7. Content type: Research

    The purpose of the study was to explore the association between couples’ joint participation in household decision making and modern contraceptive use (MCU) among fecund (physically able to bear child) young w...

    Authors: Ahmed Zohirul Islam

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:112

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  8. Content type: Commentary

    Approximately 820 women die in pregnancy and childbirth every day worldwide, with 99% of these occurring in low-resource settings. The most common causes of maternal mortality are haemorrhage, sepsis and hyper...

    Authors: Nicola Vousden, Hannah L. Nathan and Andrew H. Shennan

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15(Suppl 1):92

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  9. Content type: Research

    There is empirical evidence that measured postpartum blood loss has a lognormal distribution. This feature can be used to analyze events of the type ‘blood loss greater than a certain cutoff point’ using a log...

    Authors: Gilda Piaggio, José Ferreira de Carvalho and Fernando Althabe

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15(Suppl 1):97

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  10. Content type: Commentary

    The Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College (JNMC) Women’s and Children’s Health Research Unit (WCHRU) of the Karnataka Lingayat Education (KLE) Academy of Higher Education and Research Deemed-to-be-University and it...

    Authors: Robert L. Goldenberg, Elizabeth M. McClure and José M. Belizán

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15(Suppl 1):99

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  11. Content type: Research

    As per the World Health Organization, the nutritional status of women of reproductive age is important, as effects of undernutrition are propagated to future generations. More than one-third of Indian women in...

    Authors: Shivanand C. Mastiholi, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Sunil S. Vernekar, S. Yogesh Kumar, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Veena R. Herekar, Rebecca L. Lander, Michael K. Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs and Shivaprasad S. Goudar

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15(Suppl 1):90

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  12. Content type: Research

    The prevalence of early pregnancy loss through miscarriage and medically terminated pregnancy (MTP) is largely unknown due to lack of early registration of pregnancies in most regions, and especially in low- a...

    Authors: Sangappa M. Dhaded, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Jane P. Jacob, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sunil S. Vernekar, S. Yogesh Kumar, Avinash Kavi, Umesh Y. Ramadurg, Janet L. Moore, Dennis P. Wallace, Richard J. Derman, Robert L. Goldenberg and Shivaprasad S. Goudar

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15(Suppl 1):95

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  13. Content type: Research

    Giving birth assisted by skilled care in a health facility plays a vital role in preventing maternal deaths. In Nepal, delivery services are free and a cash incentive is provided to women giving birth at a hea...

    Authors: Rajani Shah, Eva A. Rehfuess, Deepak Paudel, Mahesh K. Maskey and Maria Delius

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:110

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  14. Content type: Research

    In the last decade, the proportion of Ethiopian women using contraceptive methods has increased substantially (from 14% in 2005 to 35% in 2016 among married women). Numerous factors have contributed to the inc...

    Authors: Erica Sedlander, Jeffrey B. Bingenheimer, Mark C. Edberg, Rajiv N. Rimal, Hina Shaikh and Wolfgang Munar

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:111

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  15. Content type: Research

    Bihar, India has higher rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) and maternal and infant mortality relative to India as a whole. This study assesses whether IPV is associated with poor reproductive and materna...

    Authors: Diva Dhar, Lotus McDougal, Katherine Hay, Yamini Atmavilas, Jay Silverman, Daniel Triplett and Anita Raj

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:109

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  16. Content type: Research

    Malawi has made progress in increasing its overall modern contraceptive prevalence rate since 2000, resulting in a dramatic reduction in its total fertility rate. However, youth, 15–24 years, have not had the ...

    Authors: Andrew Self, Samuel Chipokosa, Amos Misomali, Tricia Aung, Steven A. Harvey, Mercy Chimchere, James Chilembwe, Lois Park, Chrissie Chalimba, Edson Monjeza, Fannie Kachale, Jameson Ndawala and Melissa A. Marx

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:108

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  17. Content type: Research

    Despite Britain, Colombia, and some Mexican states sharing a health exception within their abortion laws, access to abortion under the health exception varies widely. This study examines factors that result in...

    Authors: Stephanie A. Küng, Blair G. Darney, Biani Saavedra-Avendaño, Patricia A. Lohr and Laura Gil

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:107

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  18. Content type: Research

    One of the major reproductive health challenges among disadvantaged populations is to provide pregnant women with the necessary antenatal care (ANC). In this study, we suggest applying an integrated conceptual...

    Authors: Heba H. Hijazi, Mohammad S. Alyahya, Amer M. Sindiani, Rola S. Saqan and Abdulhakeem M. Okour

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:106

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  19. Content type: Research

    Risky sexual behaviors (RSB) are becoming an important problem all over the world. RSB are defined as behaviors leading to sexually transmitted diseases and unintended pregnancies. The objective of this study ...

    Authors: Upuli Amaranganie Pushpakumari Perera and Chrishantha Abeysena

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:105

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Risk factors known to impact maternal and newborn nutrition and health can exist from adolescence. If an undernourished adolescent girl becomes pregnant, her own health and pregnancy are at an increased risk f...

    Authors: Jo-Anna B. Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid B. Soofi, Zamir Suhag and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:104

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Adolescence is a critical period for physical and psychological growth and development, and vitamin and mineral requirements are correspondingly increased. Health and health behaviours correspond strongly from...

    Authors: Jo-Anna B. Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid B. Soofi, Zamir Suhag and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:103

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  22. Content type: Research

    ‘Transactional sex’, defined as a non-marital, non-commercial sexual relationship in which money or material goods are exchanged for sex, is associated with young women’s increased vulnerability to HIV infecti...

    Authors: Meghna Ranganathan, Lori Heise, Catherine MacPhail, Heidi Stöckl, Richard J. Silverwood, Kathleen Kahn, Amanda Selin, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Charlotte Watts and Audrey Pettifor

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:102

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  23. Content type: Research

    This study aimed to describe the intentions of and barriers to the use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) in the post-abortion period among women seeking abortion in mainland China.

    Authors: Zhongchen Luo, Lingling Gao, Ronald Anguzu and Juanjuan Zhao

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:85

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  24. Content type: Research

    Adolescent pregnancy remains a global health concern, contributing to 11% of all births worldwide and 23% of the overall burden of disease in girls aged 15–19 years. Premature motherhood can create a negative ...

    Authors: Carine Asnong, Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Nan San Wai, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten and Rose McGready

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:83

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Long-term postpartum follow-up is of great importance since women with preeclampsia history are at high risk of upcoming health complications. However, postpartum follow-up rates are poor. According to evidenc...

    Authors: Mastaneh Kamravamanesh, Shahnaz Kohan, Negin Rezavand and Ziba Farajzadegan

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:81

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  26. Content type: Research

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) in pregnancy was associated with a drastic reduction in HIV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), although it was associated with neonatal adverse effects. The aim of this study was...

    Authors: Adriane M. Delicio, Giuliane J. Lajos, Eliana Amaral, Fernanda Cavichiolli, Marina Polydoro and Helaine Milanez

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:76

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  27. Content type: Research

    Epidemiological literature regarding the effect of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as a risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains inconsistent. Furthermore, it remains debatable whethe...

    Authors: Jia Wu, Xin-Yu Yao, Ru-Xia Shi, Su-Fen Liu and Xiao-Yong Wang

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:77

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  28. Content type: Research

    Ethiopia is among countries with low contraceptive usage prevalence rate and resulted in high total fertility rate and unwanted pregnancy which intern affects the maternal and child health status. This study a...

    Authors: Demeke Lakew Workie, Dereje Tesfaye Zike, Haile Mekonnen Fenta and Mulusew Admasu Mekonnen

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:78

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  29. Content type: Research

    Missing from the huge literature on women’s attitudes and beliefs concerning specific contraceptive methods is any detailed quantitative documentation for all major methods in low- and middle-income countries....

    Authors: Kazuyo Machiyama, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Faisal Ahmmed, George Odwe, Francis Obare, Joyce N. Mumah, Marylene Wamukoya, John B. Casterline and John Cleland

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:75

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  30. Content type: Research

    In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), onset of sexual intercourse is initiated during adolescence, however only two in ten sexually active unmarried women are using modern contraception. Improving adolesc...

    Authors: Fidèle Mbadu Muanda, Ndongo Parfait Gahungu, Francine Wood and Jane T. Bertrand

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:74

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  31. Content type: Review

    An increase in post abortion care (PAC) research with adolescents, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, has brought to attention several associated research ethics challenges. In order to better u...

    Authors: Joseph M. Zulu, Joseph Ali, Kristina Hallez, Nancy Kass, Charles Michelo and Adnan A. Hyder

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:71

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  32. Content type: Review

    A negative experience in childbirth is associated with chronic maternal morbidities. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to identify currently available successful interventions to create a...

    Authors: Mahshid Taheri, Amirhossien Takian, Ziba Taghizadeh, Nahid Jafari and Nasrin Sarafraz

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:73

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  33. Content type: Research

    In India, tobacco use during pregnancy is not routinely addressed during antenatal care. We measured the association between tobacco use and anemia in low-income pregnant women, and identified ways to integrat...

    Authors: Ritesh Mistry, Andrew D. Jones, Mangesh S. Pednekar, Gauri Dhumal, Anjuli Dasika, Ujwala Kulkarni, Mangala Gomare and Prakash C. Gupta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:72

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  34. Content type: Research

    To inform improvements in safe abortion and post-abortion family planning (PAFP) services, this study aimed to explore the pathways, decision-making, experiences and preferences of women receiving safe abortio...

    Authors: Suzanne Penfold, Susy Wendot, Inviolata Nafula and Katharine Footman

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:70

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  35. Content type: Research

    Sexual initiation occurs early in Sierra Leone. This study aims to analyze the determinants of condom and/or contraceptive use among a representative sample of young persons (10 to 24 years) in Sierra Leone.

    Authors: Aline Labat, Marta Medina, Mohammed Elhassein, Afrina Karim, Mohammad B. Jalloh, Michèle Dramaix, Wei-Hong Zhang, Sophie Alexander and Kim E. Dickson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:66

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Fertility rate in Iran has decreased by more than 70% in the last three decades. Continuous decrease in fertility rate will create socioeconomic crises for the country in a near future. A significant factor be...

    Authors: Mojgan Firouzbakht, Aram Tirgar, Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki, Abbas Ebadi, Fatemeh Bakouei, Maryam Nikpour and Mohammad Esmaeil Riahi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:67

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Various methods are currently used for the induction of labor. Nevertheless, the most effective method with the fewest side effects remains to be established. Misoprostol, administered vaginally, has been rout...

    Authors: Daniele Sofia Moraes Barros Gattás, José Roberto da Silva Junior, Alex Sandro Rolland Souza, Francisco Edson Feitosa and Melania Maria Ramos de Amorim

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:65

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  38. Content type: Research

    Despite policy actions and strategic efforts made to promote sexual and reproductive health service uptake of youths in Ethiopia, its utilization remains very low and little information was found on the extent...

    Authors: Wakgari Binu, Taklu Marama, Mulusew Gerbaba and Melese Sinaga

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:64

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  39. Content type: Research

    Social inequities in early child bearing persist among young married people, especially among tribal populations in India. Rural women belonging to tribal groups and those coming from poor households are more ...

    Authors: Tina Khanna, Murari Chandra, Ajay Singh and Sunil Mehra

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:63

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  40. Content type: Review

    Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a harmful practice that violates the human rights of women and girls. Despite global efforts to restrict the practice, there have been few reports on major positive...

    Authors: Susan Waigwa, Lucy Doos, Caroline Bradbury-Jones and Julie Taylor

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:62

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  41. Content type: Research

    Behaviors established during adolescence such as risky sexual behaviors have negative effects on future health and well-being. Extant literature indicated that individual attributes such as peer pressure and s...

    Authors: Kerebih Asrese and Alemtsehay Mekonnen

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:61

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  42. Content type: Research

    An unprecedented epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) affected Guinea in 2014 and 2015. It weakened the already fragile Guinean health system. This study aimed to assess the effects of the outbreak on Prevent...

    Authors: Niouma Nestor Leno, Alexandre Delamou, Youssouf Koita, Thierno Souleymane Diallo, Abdoulaye Kaba, Therese Delvaux, Wim Van Damme and Marie Laga

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:60

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  43. Content type: Research

    Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a harmful practice prevalent in 35 countries, mainly in Africa, as well as in some Middle Eastern countries and a few Asian countries. FGM comprises all procedures that invol...

    Authors: Gro Møller Christoffersen, Peter James Bruhn, Rosanna de Neergaard, Susanne Engel and Vibeke Naeser

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:59

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