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  1. Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) concerns over 200 million women and girls worldwide and is associated with obstetric trauma and long-term urogynaecological and psychosexual complications that are oft...

    Authors: Alzbeta Binkova, Marion Uebelhart, Patrick Dällenbach, Michel Boulvain, Angèle Gayet-Ageron and Jasmine Abdulcadir

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:39

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. While Doppler ultrasound screening is beneficial for women with high-risk pregnancies, there is insufficient evidence on its benefits and harms in low- and unselected-risk pregnancies. This may be related to f...

    Authors: Joshua P. Vogel, Valerie Vannevel, Gianna Robbers, George Gwako, Tina Lavin, Abiodun Adanikin, Tsakane Hlongwane, Robert C. Pattinson, Zahida P. Qureshi and Olufemi T. Oladapo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:38

    Content type: Research

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  3. Implementation of evidence-based practice is crucial to enhance quality health care, professional development, and cost-effective health service. However, many factors influence the implementation of evidence-...

    Authors: Asrat Hailu Dagne, Mekonnen Haile Beshah, Bekalu Getnet Kassa and Eyaya Habtie Dagnaw

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:36

    Content type: Research

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  4. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest fertility rate in the world, with the highest unmet need for family planning (FP). Yet, there is a lack of knowledge about the determinants for non-utilisation of modern cont...

    Authors: Jumaine Gahungu, Mariam Vahdaninia and Pramod R. Regmi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:35

    Content type: Review

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  5. Caesarean sections (CS) in Bangladesh have risen eight-fold in the last 15 years. Few studies have explored why. Anecdotally, physicians suggest maternal request for CS is a reason. Women and families suggest ...

    Authors: Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Sk Masum Billah, Farhana Karim, Md Shahjahan Siraj, Alan Buckingham and Carol Kingdon

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:34

    Content type: Research

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  6. Addressing the unmet need for modern contraception underpins the goal of all family planning and contraception programs. Contraceptive discontinuation among those in need of a method hinders the attainment of ...

    Authors: Susan Ontiri, Lilian Mutea, Violet Naanyu, Mark Kabue, Regien Biesma and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:33

    Content type: Research

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  7. In Ethiopia, the utilization coverage of adolescent-friendly health services (AFSRHs) ranged only from 9 to 55% and it was the lowest of all Sub-Saharan African countries in 2016. Little is known why adolescen...

    Authors: Yitagesu Habtu, Mirgissa Kaba and Hussein Mekonnen

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:32

    Content type: Research

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  8. In recognition of the opportunity created by the increasing attention to menstrual health at global, regional, and national levels, the World Health Organization’s Department of Sexual and Reproductive Health ...

    Authors: Marina Plesons, Archana Patkar, Jenelle Babb, Asanthi Balapitiya, Flo Carson, Bethany A. Caruso, Margarita Franco, Maja Manzenski Hansen, Jacquelyn Haver, Andisheh Jahangir, Caroline W. Kabiru, Ephraim Kisangala, Penelope Phillips-Howard, Aditi Sharma, Marni Sommer and Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:31

    Content type: Commentary

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  9. Although medication abortion has become more common in high-income countries, the procedure has not yet met early expectations for widening access to abortion. High-quality evidence can serve as a catalyst for...

    Authors: Annik M. Sorhaindo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:30

    Content type: Review

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  10. Birth asphyxia is one of the leading causes of intrapartum stillbirth and neonatal mortality worldwide. We sought to explore the experiences of health care workers in managing foetal distress and birth asphyxi...

    Authors: Elizabeth Ayebare, Grace Ndeezi, Anna Hjelmstedt, Jolly Nankunda, James K. Tumwine, Claudia Hanson and Wibke Jonas

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:29

    Content type: Research

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  11. Women’s empowerment is multidimensional. Women’s education, employment, income, reproductive healthcare decision making, household level decision making and social status are vital for women’s empowerment. Nep...

    Authors: Heera KC, Mangala Shrestha, Nirmala Pokharel, Surya Raj Niraula, Prajjwal Pyakurel and Surya Bahadur Parajuli

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:28

    Content type: Research

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  12. In rural areas of Ethiopia, 57% of births occur at home without the assistance of skilled birth attendants, geographical inaccessibility being one of the main factors that hinder skilled birth attendance. Esta...

    Authors: Mekdes Kondale Gurara, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Befikadu Tariku Gutema, Veerle Draulans and Yves Jacquemyn

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:27

    Content type: Research

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  13. A coherent sexuality education program for adolescents is part of their sexual and reproductive rights and can help them have a healthier future. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the perspective...

    Authors: Keshvar Samadaee Gelehkolaee, Raziyeh Maasoumi, Seyed Ali Azin, Saharnaz Nedjat, Moslem Parto and Ilia Zamani Hajiabadi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:26

    Content type: Research

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  14. Ethiopia is one of the nations which has an enormous burden of intimate partner violence (IPV), and where it is usually difficult to talk about HIV separately from IPV.

    Authors: Mengistu Meskele, Nelisiwe Khuzwayo and Myra Taylor

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:25

    Content type: Research

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  15. Sexual and reproductive health (SRH), a globally recognized fundamental health concern and a basic human right is poorly addressed and seldom researched in the Arab world. Disregarding this aspect of health cr...

    Authors: Maya Hamdanieh, Louna Ftouni, Bara’a Al Jardali, Racha Ftouni, Chaymaa Rawas, Marina Ghotmi, Mohammad Hussein El Zein, Sara Ghazi and Salah Malas

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:24

    Content type: Research

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  16. While cesarean section is an essential life-saving strategy for women and newborns, its current overuse constitutes a global problem. The aim of this formative research is to collect information from hospitals...

    Authors: Silvina Ramos, Mariana Romero, Carla Perrotta, Yanina Sguassero, Cecilia Straw, Celina Gialdini, Natalia Righetti and Ana P. Betran

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:23

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Menstrual hygiene management can be challenging in low-income settings and among school-aged girls due to traditional beliefs, lack of knowledge and information on best hygienic practices, and limited access t...

    Authors: Diksha Pokhrel, Sabina Bhattarai, Malin Emgård, Michael von Schickfus, Birger C. Forsberg and Olivia Biermann

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:20

    Content type: Research

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  18. Expanding access and use of effective contraception is important in achieving universal access to reproductive healthcare services, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), such as those in sub-...

    Authors: Leopold Ouedraogo, Desire Habonimana, Triphonie Nkurunziza, Asmani Chilanga, Elamin Hayfa, Tall Fatim, Nancy Kidula, Ghislaine Conombo, Assumpta Muriithi and Pamela Onyiah

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:22

    Content type: Review

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  19. While the Kenya government is mobilizing high-level strategies to end adolescent pregnancy by 2030, a clear understanding of drivers of early unintended pregnancy in the country is a necessary precursor. In th...

    Authors: Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Sally Atieno Odunga, Clement Oduor, Ramatou Ouedraogo, Boniface Ayanbekongshie Ushie and Yohannes Dibaba Wado

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:19

    Content type: Research

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  20. Access to quality, effective lifesaving uterotonics in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) remains a major barrier to reducing maternal deaths from postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). Our objective was to assess...

    Authors: Fiona Theunissen, Isotta Cleps, Shivaprasad Goudar, Zahida Qureshi, Olorunfemi Oludele Owa, Kidza Mugerwa, Gilda Piaggio, A. Metin Gülmezoglu, Miriam Nakalembe, Josaphat Byamugisha, Alfred Osoti, Sura Mandeep, Teko Poriot, George Gwako, Sunil Vernekar and Mariana Widmer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:18

    Content type: Research

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:57

  21. Intrauterine devices are the most effective long-acting reversible contraceptives, but in many developing countries, such as Jamaica, these devices remain underutilized.

    Authors: Sarah G. Franklin, Maya O’Neal, Ambreanna Arneus, Calvin Colvin, Maung Aung and Pauline E. Jolly

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:17

    Content type: Research

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  22. Most maternal deaths occur during the intrapartum and peripartum periods in sub-Saharan Africa, emphasizing the importance of timely access to quality health service for childbirth and postpartum care. Increas...

    Authors: Bienvenu Salim Camara, Alexandre Delamou, Fassou Mathias Grovogui, Bregje Christina de Kok, Lenka Benova, Alison Marie El Ayadi, Rene Gerrets, Koen Peeters Grietens and Thérèse Delvaux

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:16

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  23. Despite documented benefits of contraceptives, uptake among young people aged 20–24 years is high compared to adolescents aged 15–19 years in Malawi. As the world’s population of 15–19-year-olds continues to g...

    Authors: Andrew Kondaine Makwinja, Zione Mchikaya Maida and Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:15

    Content type: Research

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  24. Reducing the burden of unsafe abortion rests considerably on women’s ability to access appropriate and timely treatment or services. A critical component of that care relies on a functional supply chain to ens...

    Authors: Ghazaleh Samandari, Nathalie Kapp, Christopher Hamon and Allison Campbell

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:14

    Content type: Commentary

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  25. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is marked in 30 to 40% by insulin resistance and hyperandrogenism. Myo-inositol (MI) increases insulin sensitivity, decreases hyperandrogenism and improves the menstrual cycle....

    Authors: Philippe Merviel, Pandora James, Sarah Bouée, Mathilde Le Guillou, Camille Rince, Charlotte Nachtergaele and Véronique Kerlan

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:13

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  26. The Covid-19 pandemic affects maternal health both directly and indirectly, and direct and indirect effects are intertwined. To provide a comprehensive overview on this broad topic in a rapid format behooving ...

    Authors: Bethany Kotlar, Emily Gerson, Sophia Petrillo, Ana Langer and Henning Tiemeier

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:10

    Content type: Review

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  27. Globally, reproductive health programs have used mHealth to provide sexual and reproductive health (SRH) education and services to young people, through diverse communication channels. However, few attempts ha...

    Authors: Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Adeel Khoja, Armish Asad and Sarah Saleem

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:9

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  28. Misconceptions about the usefulness of condoms and other contraceptives still expose many unmarried adolescents to the risk of unwanted teenage pregnancies and sexually-transmitted infections (STIs). This stud...

    Authors: Chinyere Ojiugo Mbachu, Ifunanya Clara Agu, Chinonso Obayi, Irene Eze, Nkoli Ezumah and Obinna Onwujekwe

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:7

    Content type: Research

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  29. Adolescents 360 (A360) is an initiative being rolled out across Nigeria with the aim of increasing voluntary modern contraception use among women aged 15 to 19 years. Using evaluation study baseline data, we i...

    Authors: Emily E. Crawford, Christina J. Atchison, Yewande P. Ajayi and Aoife M. Doyle

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. For most parents, getting pregnant means having a child. Generally, the couple outlines plans and has expectations regarding the baby. When these plans are interrupted because of a perinatal loss, it turns out...

    Authors: Heloisa de Oliveira Salgado, Carla Betina Andreucci, Ana Clara Rezende Gomes and João Paulo Souza

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:5

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:144

  31. Unintended pregnancies (UIP) have a significant impact on health of women and the health budget of countries. Contraception is an effective way to prevent UIPs. The study objective was to collate evidence on c...

    Authors: Kusum V. Moray, Himanshu Chaurasia, Oshima Sachin and Beena Joshi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Cesarean section (CS) rates have been increasing globally. Iran has one of the highest CS rates in the world (47.9%). This review was conducted to assess the prevalence of and reasons for women’s, family membe...

    Authors: Mahboubeh Shirzad, Elham Shakibazadeh, Khadijeh Hajimiri, Ana Pilar Betran, Shayesteh Jahanfar, Meghan A. Bohren, Newton Opiyo, Qian Long, Carol Kingdon, Mercedes Colomar and Mehrandokht Abedini

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:3

    Content type: Review

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  33. Understanding women’s desire to have more children is critical for planning towards future reproductive health behaviour. We examined the association between socio-economic and demographic factors and fertilit...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Ebenezer Kwesi Armah-Ansah, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Eugene Budu and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. While the situation of married adolescent girls in Tanzania is increasingly documented, empirical evidence concerning the ways in which child marriage impacts girls’ and young women’s sexual lives is limited. ...

    Authors: Christine Mwanukuzi and Tumaini Nyamhanga

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:1

    Content type: Research

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  35. Global caesarean section (CS) rates have raised concern of a potential overuse of the procedure in both high- and low-resource settings. We sought to assess management and outcomes of deliveries with emergency...

    Authors: Helena Litorp, Rejina Gurung, Mats Målqvist and Ashish Kc

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:197

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant of health globally and an important explanatory variable to assess causality in epidemiological research. The 10th Sustainable Development Goal is to redu...

    Authors: Archana B. Patel, Carla M. Bann, Ana L. Garces, Nancy F. Krebs, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl L. Bose, Sarah Saleem, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Carlo, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Marion Koso-Thomas…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):193

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  37. Pakistan has among the poorest pregnancy outcomes worldwide, significantly worse than many other low-resource countries. The reasons for these differences are not clear. In this study, we compared pregnancy ou...

    Authors: Aleha Aziz, Sarah Saleem, Tracy L. Nolen, Nousheen Akber Pradhan, Elizabeth M. McClure, Saleem Jessani, Ana L. Garces, Patricia L. Hibberd, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Fabian Esamai, Constance Tenge, Archana B. Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):190

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  38. Preterm birth continues to be a major public health problem contributing to 75% of the neonatal mortality worldwide. Low birth weight (LBW) is an important but imperfect surrogate for prematurity when accurate...

    Authors: Yamini V. Pusdekar, Archana B. Patel, Kunal G. Kurhe, Savita R. Bhargav, Vanessa Thorsten, Ana Garces, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Fabian Esamai, Elwyn Chomba, Melissa Bauserman, Carl L. Bose, Edward A. Liechty, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard J. Derman…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):187

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  39. Nulliparity has been associated with lower birth weight (BW) and other adverse pregnancy outcomes, with most of the data coming from high-income countries. In this study, we examined birth weight for gestation...

    Authors: Ana Garces, Wilton Perez, Margo S. Harrison, Kay S. Hwang, Tracy L. Nolen, Robert L. Goldenberg, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Jacquelyn Patterson, Marion Koso-Thomas, Elizabeth M. McClure…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):182

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  40. Few studies have shown how the move toward institutional delivery in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) impacts stillbirth and newborn mortality.

    Authors: Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Norman Goco, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Avinash Kavi, Sunil S. Vernekar, Antoinette Tshefu, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces, Sarah Saleem, Farnaz Naqvi, Archana Patel, Fabian Esamai, Carl L. Bose, Waldemar A. Carlo, Nancy F. Krebs, Patricia L. Hibberd…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):179

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  41. To determine the gender differences in neonatal mortality, stillbirths, and perinatal mortality in south Asia using the Global Network data from the Maternal Newborn Health Registry.

    Authors: Zubair H. Aghai, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Avinash Kavi, Parth Lalakia, Farnaz Naqvi, Patricia L. Hibberd, Elizabeth M. McClure, Tracy L. Nolen, Pooja Iyer, Robert L. Goldenberg and Richard J. Derman

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):178

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  42. Birth weight (BW) is a strong predictor of neonatal outcomes. The purpose of this study was to compare BWs between global regions (south Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, Central America) prospectively and to determin...

    Authors: Irene Marete, Osayame Ekhaguere, Carla M. Bann, Sherri L. Bucher, Paul Nyongesa, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Sarah Saleem, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Ana L. Garces, Nancy F. Krebs, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Carlo, Adrien Lokangaka…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):176

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  43. Maternal mortality is a public health problem that disproportionately affects low and lower-middle income countries (LMICs). Appropriate data sources are lacking to effectively track maternal mortality and mon...

    Authors: Melissa Bauserman, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Tracy L. Nolen, Jackie Patterson, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Ana L. Garces, Lester Figueroa, Nancy F. Krebs, Fabian Esamai, Paul Nyongesa, Edward A. Liechty, Waldemar A. Carlo, Elwyn Chomba…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):173

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  44. The objectives of this analysis were to document trends in and risk factors associated with the cesarean birth rate in low- and middle-income country sites participating in the Global Network for Women’s and C...

    Authors: Margo S. Harrison, Ana L. Garces, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Janet L. Moore, Fabian Esamai, Archana B. Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Carl L. Bose, Edward A. Liechty, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard J. Derman, Patricia L. Hibberd, Waldemar A. Carlo, Antoinette Tshefu, Marion Koso-Thomas…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):165

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  45. The physical environment profoundly affects women's well-being during childbirth in family-centered unit. A LDRP, which is an acronym for labor, delivery, recovery, and postpartum that describes a maternity un...

    Authors: Behnam Kazemi Esfeh, Ashraf Kazemi and Aida Shamsaie

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:196

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

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