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  1. Reproductive health education (RHE) is an important component of school curricula. It helps students in the decision-making process regarding several issues concerning reproductive health. However delivering R...

    Authors: Nitin Joseph, Vaibhav Mahato, Akhil Pandey, Shikha Mishra, Garima Prakash and Rishika Gandhi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:175
  2. Global strategies to target high maternal mortality ratios are focused on providing skilled attendance at delivery along with access to emergency obstetric care. Research that examines strategies to increase f...

    Authors: Endalew G. Sendo, Motshedisi E. Chauke and M. Ganga-Limando
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:174
  3. To evaluate the type of contraceptives used by women in need of family planning in India and the inequalities associated with that use according to women's age, education, wealth, subnational region of residen...

    Authors: Fernanda Ewerling, Lotus McDougal, Anita Raj, Leonardo Z. Ferreira, Cauane Blumenberg, Divya Parmar and Aluisio J. D. Barros
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:173
  4. This study aimed to identify factors associated with risk sexual behaviours and target high-risk groups at risk of HIV/STDs infection among university students.

    Authors: Xiaoan Du, Ling Zhang, Hong Luo, Wenlong Rong, Xianxin Meng, Hang Yu and Xiaodong Tan
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:172
  5. Multiple oral insulin-sensitizing agents, such as metformin, thiazolidinediones, inositols, and berberine, have been proven safe and efficacious in improving the endocrine, metabolic, and reproductive abnormal...

    Authors: Han Zhao, Chuan Xing, Jiaqi Zhang and Bing He
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:171
  6. The use of a decision aid in clinical settings has been beneficial. It informs and educates patients about the available treatment options that can help them reduce decision-making conflicts related to feeling...

    Authors: Stella E. Mushy, Eri Shishido, Sebalda Leshabari and Shigeko Horiuchi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:170
  7. Domestic violence (DV) affects millions of people worldwide, especially women impacting their health status and livelihoods. To prevent DV and to improve the quality of victims’ lives, Mozambican governmental ...

    Authors: Eunice Jethá, Ines Keygnaert, Mohamed Seedat, Joaquim Nhampoca, Mohsin Sidat and Kristien Roelens
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:169
  8. Minimal invasive tissue sampling (MITS) has emerged as a suitable alternative to complete diagnostic autopsy (CDA) for determination of the cause of death (CoD), due to feasibility and acceptability issues. A ...

    Authors: Manoja Kumar Das, Narendra Kumar Arora, Gurkirat Kaur, Prikanksha Malik, Mahisha Kumari, Shipra Joshi, Reeta Rasaily, Harish Chellani, Harsha Gaikwad, Pradeep Debata and K. R. Meena
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:168
  9. Maternal mortality among adolescent mothers in South Africa is higher than many middle-income countries. This is largely attributable to conditions that can be prevented or managed by high quality antenatal ca...

    Authors: Ronel Sewpaul, Rik Crutzen, Natisha Dukhi, Derrick Sekgala and Priscilla Reddy
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:167
  10. Nigeria, like many other countries, has been severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. While efforts have been devoted to curtailing the disease, a major concern has been its potential effects on the deliver...

    Authors: Babatunde Adelekan, Erika Goldson, Zubaida Abubakar, Ulla Mueller, Audu Alayande, Tellson Ojogun, Lorretta Ntoimo, Bukky Williams, Ibrahim Muhammed and Friday Okonofua
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:166
  11. Fertility treatments help many infertile couples to have children. However, disparities exist in access to fertility tests and treatments. We investigated the association between household income and medical h...

    Authors: Arisa Iba, Eri Maeda, Seung Chik Jwa, Ayako Yanagisawa-Sugita, Kazuki Saito, Akira Kuwahara, Hidekazu Saito, Yukihiro Terada, Osamu Ishihara and Yasuki Kobayashi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:165
  12. Preeclampsia (PE) is a complex pregnancy hypertensive disorder with multifaceted etiology. The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene and nitric oxide (NO) levels has been reported to be associated with PE...

    Authors: Ghazala Shaheen, Sarwat Jahan, Nousheen Bibi, Asmat Ullah, Rani Faryal, Ali Almajwal, Tayyaba Afsar, Dara Al-disi, Mahmoud Abulmeaty, Abdulaziz Abdullah Al Khuraif, Mohammed Arshad and Suhail Razak
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:163
  13. Pregnancy is a time of profound physical and emotional change as well as an increased risk of mental illness. While strengthening social support is a common recommendation to reduce such mental health risk, no...

    Authors: Asres Bedaso, Jon Adams, Wenbo Peng and David Sibbritt
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:162
  14. Recently known as the genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder (GPPPD), Dyspareunia is considered a negative factor affecting a couple’s sexual health. This paper analyzes pain in Dyspareunia cases and determin...

    Authors: Ameneh Alizadeh and Farnaz Farnam
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:161
  15. Afghanistan has one of the highest burdens of maternal mortality in the world, estimated at 638 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2017. Infections, obstetric hemorrhage, and unsafe abortion are the three leadi...

    Authors: Farzana Maruf, Hannah Tappis, Enriquito Lu, Ghutai Sadeq Yaqubi, Jelle Stekelenburg and Thomas van den Akker
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:160
  16. Gaining excessive or inadequate gestational weight is associated with many adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG) increases the risk of fetal growth restriction, pre-term...

    Authors: Fekede Asefa, Allison Cummins, Yadeta Dessie, Maralyn Foureur and Andrew Hayen
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:159
  17. Pregnancy is a time for women in which the need for social support is crucial. Social support reduces stressors and improves the emotional and physical well-being of pregnant women. Women receiving low social ...

    Authors: Asres Bedaso, Jon Adams, Wenbo Peng and David Sibbritt
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:158

    The Correction to this article has been published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:187

  18. It is necessary to invest in married adolescent girls’ health because of their roles in promoting the community and health of the next generation. Meanwhile, there are many concerns about their sexual and repr...

    Authors: Shahnaz Kohan, Shirin Allahverdizadeh, Ziba Farajzadegan, Morteza Ghojazadeh and Zahra Boroumandfar
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:157
  19. The most common endocrine and metabolic disorders in premenopausal women is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), characterized by hyperandrogenism, chronic anovulation, and/or ultrasound evidence of small ovarian...

    Authors: Nahid Sarahian, Hosna Sarvazad, Elham Sajadi, Nasrin Rahnejat and Narges Eskandari Roozbahani
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:156
  20. Multiple options for permanent or long-acting contraception are available, each with adverse effects and benefits. People seeking to end their fertility, and their healthcare providers, need a comprehensive co...

    Authors: Rebecca Gormley, Brian Vickers, Brooke Cheng and Wendy V. Norman
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:154
  21. Early adolescence (ages 10–14) is a critical period of physical, cognitive, social and emotional development, which affect sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). Yet, little is known about positive ...

    Authors: Anna E. Kågesten, Anggriyani Wahyu Pinandari, Anna Page, Siswanto Agus Wilopo and Miranda van Reeuwijk
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:153
  22. Over the past 25 years, tremendous progress has been made in increasing the evidence on child marriage and putting it to good use to reduce the prevalence of child marriage and provide support to married girls...

    Authors: Marina Plesons, Ellen Travers, Anju Malhotra, Arwyn Finnie, Nankali Maksud, Satvika Chalasani and Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:152
  23. Young Ghanaian women experience high rates of unmet need for contraception and unintended pregnancy, and face unique barriers to accessing sexual and reproductive health services. This study provides a compreh...

    Authors: Sarah C. Keogh, Easmon Otupiri, Philicia W. Castillo, Naomi W. Li, Joana Apenkwa and Chelsea B. Polis
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:150
  24. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal death worldwide. When PPH occurs, early identification of bleeding and prompt management using evidence-based guidelines, can avert most PPH-related...

    Authors: Meghan A. Bohren, Fabiana Lorencatto, Arri Coomarasamy, Fernando Althabe, Adam J. Devall, Cherrie Evans, Olufemi T. Oladapo, David Lissauer, Shahinoor Akter, Gillian Forbes, Eleanor Thomas, Hadiza Galadanci, Zahida Qureshi, Sue Fawcus, G. Justus Hofmeyr, Fadhlun Alwy Al-beity…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:149
  25. Women living with HIV (WLH) lack evidence-based information about reproductive options while managing pressures from family, clinicians, and communities to give up the idea of having children. As the reproduct...

    Authors: Ariadna Huertas-Zurriaga, Patrick A. Palmieri, Joan E. Edwards, Sandra K. Cesario, Sergio Alonso-Fernandez, Lidia Pardell-Dominguez, Karen A. Dominguez-Cancino and Juan M. Leyva-Moral
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:148
  26. Cervical cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death among women in sub-Saharan countries, constituting a major public health concern. In Cameroon, cervical cancer ranks as the second most commo...

    Authors: Alida Manoëla Datchoua Moukam, Muriel Samartha Embolo Owono, Bruno Kenfack, Pierre Vassilakos, Patrick Petignat, Jessica Sormani and Nicole C. Schmidt
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:147
  27. Women's satisfaction with childbirth experience is considered as one of the quality indicators of the maternity services across the world. However, there is no guideline for improving the experience of childbi...

    Authors: Solmaz Ghanbari-Homaie, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Eesa Mohammadi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:146
  28. Maternal mortality is an important public health problem in low-income countries. Delays in reaching health facilities and insufficient health care professionals call for innovative community-level solutions. ...

    Authors: Esperança Sevene, Helena Boene, Marianne Vidler, Anifa Valá, Salésio Macuacua, Orvalho Augusto, Quinhas Fernandes, Cassimo Bique, Eusébio Macete, Mohsin Sidat, Peter von Dadelszen and Khátia Munguambe
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:145
  29. Authors: Heloisa de Oliveira Salgado, Carla Betina Andreucci, Ana Clara Rezende Gomes and João Paulo Souza
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:144

    The original article was published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:5

  30. Providing post-abortion care service is a widely accepted to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality by promoting, preventing and treating maternal and neonatal health, identifying the utilization and its fact...

    Authors: Fentahun Yenealem Beyene, Azimeraw Arega Tesfu, Kihinetu Gelaye Wudineh, Fikadu Waltenigus Sendeku and Asteray Assemie Ayenew
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:143
  31. Episiotomy is a surgical incision of the perineum to hasten the delivery. There is a scarce of information related to episiotomy practice, and its associated factors, in developing countries, including Ethiopi...

    Authors: Enyew Woretaw, Muluken Teshome and Muluneh Alene
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:142
  32. The fear of infertility or delayed return to fertility is a common barrier to contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly among young or nulliparous women. Global evidence on return to pregnancy afte...

    Authors: Janine Barden-O’Fallon, Ilene S. Speizer, Lisa M. Calhoun and Nouhou Abdoul Moumouni
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:141
  33. Women’s involvement in contraceptive decision-making increases contraceptive use and reduces unmet need, but study of this has been limited to women’s self-reports. Less research is available examining couple ...

    Authors: Anvita Dixit, Nicole E. Johns, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Shahina Begum, Jennifer Yore, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G. Silverman, Elizabeth Reed, Tarik Benmarhnia, Sarah Averbach and Anita Raj
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:139
  34. This study aimed to understand the influence of health beliefs, demographic factors, and health characteristics on the intention to undergo Pap smear testing among women in rural areas of Indonesia.

    Authors: Sumarmi Sumarmi, Yu-Yun Hsu, Ya-Min Cheng and Shu-Hsin Lee
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:138
  35. Despite six decades of official family planning programme, the use of modern contraceptive method remained low in India. The discontinuation of modern spacing method (DMSM) has also increased from 42.3% in 200...

    Authors: Soumya Ranjan Nayak, Sanjay K. Mohanty, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra and Umakanta Sahoo
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:137
  36. Prenatal depression may have adverse health effects on mothers and their offspring. Perceived stress is an important risk factor for depression during pregnancy. Studies have shown that both perceived stress a...

    Authors: Anisma R. Gokoel, Firoz Abdoel Wahid, Wilco C. W. R. Zijlmans, Arti Shankar, Ashna D. Hindori-Mohangoo, Hannah H. Covert, Meerte-Sigrid MacDonald-Ottevanger, Maureen Y. Lichtveld and Emily W. Harville
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:136
  37. Despite the global agreements on adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health and rights, access to and utilisation of these services among the youth/adolescents remain unsatisfactory in low- and middle-income ...

    Authors: Lesley Rose Ninsiima, Isabel Kazanga Chiumia and Rawlance Ndejjo
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:135
  38. The use of reproductive health (RH) services is important to promote RH. However, little is known about RH services in rural areas, especially in low- and middle-income countries. China is the most populous co...

    Authors: Jing Yue, Yang Luo, Chen Xu, Si Qin, Yanting Meng, Ling Fan and Min Nie
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:134
  39. Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a global problem affecting millions of pregnant women, including in mainland China. These women are at high risk of Type II diabetes (T2DM). Cost-effective and clinically effectiv...

    Authors: Jie Shang, Amanda Henry, Puhong Zhang, Huan Chen, Kelly Thompson, Xiaodong Wang, Na Liu, Jiani Zhang, Yan Liu, Jianbo Jin, Xiongfei Pan, Xue Yang and Jane E. Hirst
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:133
  40. Antenatal screening for HIV, syphilis and HBV has been successfully implemented in The Netherlands, but data on other STI among pregnant women or male partners are limited. Our objectives: (i) to assess the pr...

    Authors: Eline L. M. Op de Coul, Demi Peek, Yolanda W. M. van Weert, Servaas A. Morré, Ingrid Rours, Chantal Hukkelhoven, Ank de Jonge, Birgit van Benthem and Monique Pereboom
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:132
  41. Children under 18 years old constituted more than half (52%) of the refugee population in 2017. Adolescent Sexual and reproductive health is an essential component of primary health care. Yet, not every refuge...

    Authors: Paul Bukuluki, Peter Kisaakye, Hadijah Mwenyango and George Palattiyil
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:131
  42. The war in Syria caused the forced displacement of millions of Syrians to neighboring countries. Lebanon is the host country with the largest overall number of Syrian refugees per capita. Adolescent refugee gi...

    Authors: Rayan Korri, Sabine Hess, Guenter Froeschl and Olena Ivanova
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:130
  43. Child marriage is a fundamental violation of human rights and a threat to access to education, sexual and reproductive health care, and employment. It also threatens freedom from violence, reproductive rights,...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Joshua Okyere, John Elvis Hagan Jr, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Richard Gyan Aboagye and Sanni Yaya
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:128

    The Correction to this article has been published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:140

  44. The annual collection of fertility, marriage, sexual behaviour, and contraceptive use data in the nationally representative rounds of Performance Monitoring and Accountability (PMA) surveys in sub-Saharan Afri...

    Authors: Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Peter Waiswa, Dessalegn Y. Melesse, Cheikh Faye and Ties Boerma
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18(Suppl 1):121

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

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