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  1. In 2015, a quality improvement project called “Adequate Childbirth Project” (PPA) was implemented in Brazilian private hospitals in order to reduce cesarean sections without clinical indication. The PPA is str...

    Authors: Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias and Maria do Carmo Leal
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 20(Suppl 2):188

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 20 Supplement 2

  2. The human papillomavirus (HPV), a prevalent sexually transmitted infection, is linked to a wide range of diseases, with cervical cancer being the most common and serious one. HPV vaccination is crucial for pre...

    Authors: Nassif Elissa, Hadchity Charbel, Azzi Marly, Nader Ingrid, Saleh Nadine and Abdo Rachel
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:40
  3. Female genital mutilation (FGM) has negative health implications and has long been recognised as violating sexual rights. Despite the huge efforts expended on eradicating FGM, generational continuation of the ...

    Authors: Tosin Olajide Oni and David Aduragbemi Okunlola
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:39
  4. Children’s initiation of early sex has several negative implications on their sexual and reproductive health, growth and development. In Ghana, few studies on early sexual debut have focused on adolescents. Th...

    Authors: Frank Kyei-Arthur, Martin Wiredu Agyekum and Sylvester Kyei-Gyamfi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:38
  5. Sperm donation has undergone significant medical and social transformations in recent decades. This study aimed to explore Israeli students’ perceptions towards sperm donation and investigate the potential inf...

    Authors: Itai Gat, Maya Ronen, Sarit Avraham, Michal Youngster, Ariel Hourvitz and Osnat Levtzion-Korach
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:37
  6. Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) literacy allows young adults to make informed decisions about health outcomes. In Peru, roughly one fifth of the population lives in rural areas, and little is known about ...

    Authors: Molly F. McGuire, Emma Ortega, Radha Patel, Valerie A. Paz-Soldán and Amy R. Riley-Powell
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:36
  7. Women with intellectual disability (ID) have many sexual and reproductive problems. This study was conducted to explain the sexual and reproductive health considerations of women with ID from the perspective o...

    Authors: Ziba Taghizadeh, Maryam Farmahini Farahani, Malihe Nourollahpour Shiadeh and Kowsar Qaderi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:35
  8. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) remains a significant public health concern worldwide. Women living with HIV/AIDS (WLHA) have the additional and unique need to seek sexual and reproductive health services. ...

    Authors: Lynn T. Nguyen, Le Minh Giang, Diep B. Nguyen, Trang T. Nguyen and Chunqing Lin
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:34
  9. The caesarean section (CS) rate has increased worldwide and there is an increasing public and scientific interest in the potential long-term health consequences for the offspring. CS is related to persistent a...

    Authors: Kun Huang, Anne Gaml-Sørensen, Nis Brix, Andreas Ernst, Linn Håkonsen Arendt, Jens Peter Ellekilde Bonde, Karin Sørig Hougaard, Gunnar Toft, Sandra Søgaard Tøttenborg and Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:33
  10. The timely provision of comprehensive contraceptive services to Rohingya women is impeded due to a lack of clarity and understanding of their traditional beliefs and cultural frameworks. Recognizing this chall...

    Authors: Mansura Islam and Shah Ehsan Habib
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:32
  11. In high- and low-income countries, declining birth rates have become a global concern. Couples do not have enough information about the complications of delaying and reducing childbearing and this leads them t...

    Authors: Maryam Moridi, Maryam Damghanian and Sedigheh Keshaverz
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:30
  12. Endometriosis is a chronic disease affecting 6–10% of women worldwide. Sexual dysfunction has been reported in a significant percentage of these patients. Thus, the present study will be conducted to design, i...

    Authors: Maryam Heidari Sarvestani, Mahnaz Noroozi, Maryam Hashemi and Firoozeh Mostafavi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:29
  13. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition in women, characterised by reproductive and metabolic dysfunction. While dietary approaches have been evaluated as a first-line treatment for patients wit...

    Authors: Anna Evelin Juhász, Márton Péter Stubnya, Brigitta Teutsch, Noémi Gede, Péter Hegyi, Péter Nyirády, Ferenc Bánhidy, Nándor Ács and Réka Juhász
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:28
  14. Adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs are largely unmet due to poor access to SRH information and services. A multicomponent community-embedded intervention, comprising advocacy to policymake...

    Authors: Chinazom N. Ekwueme, Chinyere Okeke, Irene Ifeyinwa Eze, Chinyere Ojiugo Mbachu and Obinna Onwujekwe
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:27
  15. Male infertility is in 20–70% of cases the cause of a couple’s infertility. Severe forms of male infertility are best treated with Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI). The psychosocial impact of infertilit...

    Authors: Carmen E. J. de Vries, Esther M. Veerman-Verweij, Agnes van den Hoogen, Janneke M. de Man-van Ginkel and Henriëtta D. L. Ockhuijsen
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:26
  16. To examine the prevalence of menstrual pain among women of reproductive age and its impact on their daily lives and professional responsibilities.

    Authors: Fatima Leon-Larios, Isabel Silva-Reus, María José Puente Martínez, Abel Renuncio Roba, Eva Ibeas Martínez, Isabel Lahoz Pascual, Maria Cassia Naranjo Ratia and José Cruz Quílez Conde
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:25
  17. Having competence in initiating sexual interactions is one of the challenges of sexual health in any society. Given that the social, cultural, and religious background of some societies can prevent the acquisi...

    Authors: Zahra Sadat Mousavi, Mojgan Janighorban and Mahnaz Noroozi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:24
  18. Barriers exist for the provision of surgery for permanent contraception in the postpartum period. Prenatal counseling has been associated with increased rates of fulfillment of desired postpartum contraception...

    Authors: Ambika V. Viswanathan, Kristen A. Berg, Brooke W. Bullington, Emily S. Miller, Margaret Boozer, Tania Serna, Jennifer L. Bailit and Kavita Shah Arora
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:23
  19. Anaemia in pregnancy causes a significant burden of maternal morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, with prevalence ranging from 25 to 45% in Nigeria. The main treatment, daily oral iron, is associated...

    Authors: Opeyemi R. Akinajo, Ochuwa A. Babah, Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Lenka Beňová, Nadia A. Sam-Agudu, Mobolanle R. Balogun, Victoria O. Adaramoye, Hadiza S. Galadanci, Rachel A. Quao, Bosede Bukola Afolabi and Kristi Sidney Annerstedt
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:22
  20. Adolescent girls and young woman (AGYW) comprise a significant proportion of new HIV infections and unintended pregnancies in sub-Saharan Africa yet face many barriers to accessing family planning and reproduc...

    Authors: Rachel Willard-Grace, F. Abigail Cabrera, Camilla Bykhovsky, Kayla Douglas, Lauren A. Hunter, Agatha Mnyippembe, Kassim Hassan Mgunya, Sandra I. McCoy and Jenny X. Liu
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:21
  21. The focus of reproductive autonomy research has historically been on the experience of unintended pregnancy and use of contraceptive methods. However, this has led to the neglect of a different group of women ...

    Authors: Suzanne O. Bell, Fredrick Makumbi, Isabella Sarria, Simon P. S. Kibira and Linnea A. Zimmerman
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:20
  22. Gestational diabetes is a type of carbohydrate intolerance that is diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy. Researches have shown that gestational diabetes is associated with many negative prenatal and b...

    Authors: Soltan Asghari, Sanaz Mollazadeh, Nahid Jahani shoorab, Smira Shahbazzadegan and Talat Khadivzadeh
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:19
  23. Male infertility is a global health issue. The more causative genes related to human male infertility should be further explored. The essential role of Zcwpw1 in male mouse fertility has been established and t...

    Authors: Yuelin Song, Juncen Guo, Yanling Zhou, Xingjian Wei, Jianlan Li, Guohui Zhang and Hongjing Wang
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:18
  24. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of Roma women about their experience of menarche and reproductive health considering the principles of reproductive justice.

    Authors: María Félix Rodríguez-Camacho, María José Sanchís-Ramón, Gaby Ortiz-Barreda, Daniel La Parra-Casado and Diana Gil-González
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:17
  25. Women in Mozambique are often disempowered when it comes to making decisions concerning their lives, including their bodies and reproductive options. This study aimed to explore the views of women in Mozambiqu...

    Authors: Sofia Castro Lopes, Deborah Constant, Sílvia Fraga and Jane Harries
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:16
  26. Pre-pregnancy obesity increases the risk of perinatal complications. Post-pregnancy is a time of preparation for the next pregnancy and lifestyle advice in antenatal care and postpartum follow-up is therefore ...

    Authors: Heidi L. Sandsæter, Trine Tetlie Eik-Nes, Linn Okkenhaug Getz, Hege S. Haugdahl, Elisabeth Balstad Magnussen, Janet W. Rich-Edwards and Julie Horn
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:15
  27. In 2021, Uganda’s neonatal mortality rate was approximately 19 deaths per 1000 live births, with an estimated stillbirth rate of 15.1 per 1000 total births. Data are critical for indicating areas where deaths ...

    Authors: Doris Kwesiga, Mats Malqvist, Christopher Garimoi Orach, Leif Eriksson, Hannah Blencowe and Peter Waiswa
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:14
  28. Endometriosis is commonly observed in infertile women and can be staged with regard to severity [e.g. according to the American Fertility Society (AFS) classification]. This condition can cause infertility thr...

    Authors: Karine Morcel, Philippe Merviel, Sarah Bouée, Mathilde Le Guillou, Marine Carlier, Pandora James, Hortense Drapier and Damien Beauvillard
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:13
  29. Endometriosis-related pain encompassing dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, and chronic pelvic pain, reduces the quality of life in premenopausal women. Although treatment options for endometriosis alleviate this pain,...

    Authors: Hiroshi Ishikawa, Osamu Yoshino, Fuminori Taniguchi, Tasuku Harada, Mikio Momoeda, Yutaka Osuga, Tamiki Hikake, Youko Hattori, Michiko Hanawa, Yosuke Inaba, Hideki Hanaoka and Kaori Koga
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:12
  30. Traditionally, pharmacological pain relief methods have been the most acceptable option for controlling labor pain, accompanied by numerous adverse consequences. Non-pharmacological labor pain relive methods c...

    Authors: Wafaa T. Elgzar, Majed S. Alshahrani and Heba A. Ibrahim
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:11
  31. Assisted Reproductive Technology utilizes human sperm, eggs, or embryos in vitro to produce pregnancy. However, there is no evidence of the acceptance of these technologies by the community.

    Authors: Dereje Bayissa Demissei, Tolesa Diriba Biratu, Eriste Nigussa Gamshe and Ababe Tamirat Deressa
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:10
  32. Menopause is a period of women’s life that has the especial physical, psychological and social challenges. So provision of an effective, practical and affordable way for meeting women’s related needs is import...

    Authors: Nahid Marvi, Sanaz Mollazadeh, Fatemeh Erfanian Arghavanian, Alireza Atashi and Talat Khadivzadeh
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:9
  33. Being obese can lead to various complications during pregnancy, such as Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH), Pre-Eclampsia (PE), and Large Gestational Age (LGA). Although ...

    Authors: Maryam Navaee, Maryam Kashanian, Ali Kabir, Negar Zamaninour, Maryam Chamari and Abdolreza Pazouki
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:8
  34. This study characterized the extent to which (1) financial barriers and (2) abortion care-seeking within a person’s country of residence were associated with delays in abortion access among those travelling to...

    Authors: Alexandra Wollum, Silvia De Zordo, Giulia Zanini, Joanna Mishtal, Camille Garnsey and Caitlin Gerdts
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:7
  35. The implementation of the country-wide comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) curriculum among in-school adolescents remains abysmally low and mHealth-based interventions are promising. We assessed the effect...

    Authors: Oluwatosin Wuraola Akande, Moise Muzigaba, Ehimario Uche Igumbor, Kelly Elimian, Oladimeji Akeem Bolarinwa, Omotosho Ibraheem Musa and Tanimola Makanjuola Akande
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:6
  36. Adolescents and their communities in Ebonyi State, Nigeria have poor attitudes and beliefs towards adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH). This paper reports on the effects of a community-embedded int...

    Authors: Chibuike Innocent Agu, Ifunanya Clara Agu, Chinyere Ojiugo Mbachu, Nkoli Ezumah and Obinna Onwujekwe
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:5
  37. Child mortality is a crucial indicator reflecting a country's health and socioeconomic status. Despite significant global improvements in reducing early childhood deaths, Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa s...

    Authors: Hailu Refera Debere and Visseho Adjiwanou
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:4
  38. Understanding determinants of preventive sexual behaviours is important for intervention efforts to support these behaviours and, thereby, reduce STIs and HIV burden. In general, there is limited insight into ...

    Authors: Arlinda Basílio Zango, Sarah E. Stutterheim, Nanne de Vries and Rik Crutzen
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:3
  39. Female genital fistula is a traumatic debilitating injury, frequently caused by prolonged obstructed labor, affecting between 500,000-2 million women in lower-resource settings. Vesicovaginal fistula causes ur...

    Authors: Alison M. El Ayadi, Susan Obore, Fred Kirya, Suellen Miller, Abner Korn, Hadija Nalubwama, John Neuhaus, Monica Getahun, Patrick Eyul, Robert Twine, Erin V. W. Andrew and Justus K. Barageine
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:2
  40. Menstrual research and policymaking have become imperative worldwide. It is necessary that these are informed by women and people who menstruate (PWM) alongside expert professionals and activists.

    Authors: Andrea García-Egea, Anna Sofie Holst, Constanza Jacques-Aviñó, Cristina Martínez-Bueno, Anna Berenguera, María Mercedes Vicente-Hernández, Carme Valls-Llobet, Diana Pinzón-Sanabria, Georgina Pujolar-Díaz and Laura Medina-Perucha
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2024 21:1
  41. This study was conducted to develop and validate an individualized prediction model for spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) in twin pregnancies.

    Authors: Xiaofeng Yang, Qimei Zhong, Li Li, Ya Chen, Chunyan Tang, Ting Liu, Shujuan Luo, Jing Xiong and Lan Wang
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2023 20:187
  42. Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) can substantially contribute to the health and well-being of young people. Yet, most CSE interventions remain limited to the small piloting or research phase and scale-u...

    Authors: Ardan Kockelkoren, Amala Rahmah, Muhammad Rey Dwi Pangestu, Ely Sawitri, Elisabet Setya Asih Widyastuti, Ni Luh Eka Purni Astiti, Kristien Michielsen and Miranda Van Reeuwijk
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2023 20:186
  43. Hormonal contraceptives are a widely used contraceptive method for the prevention of pregnancy in women. It is associated with change in lipid profile which results in congestive heart failure, coronary heart ...

    Authors: Awel Turki, Almaz Ayalew, Andualem Mossie and Shimelis Mitiku
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2023 20:185
  44. Assisted reproduction technology (ART) has advanced significantly, raising concerns regarding its impact on the secondary sex ratio (SSR), which is the sex ratio at birth in offspring. This study aimed to expl...

    Authors: Jiansen Zhao, Haoran Shen, Qijiong Zhu, Jiong Liu, Jianhua Han, Ruiting Yi, Junxing Li, Yanshan Lin, Tao Liu and Xinqi Zhong
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2023 20:184
  45. The World Health Organization characterizes infertility as a disease since 2009; however, in many countries, reproductive health is not prioritized. Characterizing a target population and knowing the barriers ...

    Authors: Drauzio Oppenheimer, Christiane Peres Caldas, Francisca Rego and Rui Nunes
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2023 20:183
  46. Breastfeeding is recognized internationally as the most scientific and effective way to feed infants and young children. According to the World Health Organization in 2022, the exclusive breastfeeding rate wit...

    Authors: Yan-Qiong Ouyang, Jie Zhou, Jin-Yi Guo, Shi-Yun Wang, Xin Wang, Yi-Bei Zhou-Chen, Sharon R. Redding and Hui-Jun Chen
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2023 20:182
  47. Despite the increased availability of safe abortion methods in sub-Saharan Africa, women and girls continue to use unsafe abortion methods and procedures to terminate their unwanted pregnancies, resulting in s...

    Authors: Gladys Akinyi Omondi, Jonna Both, Ramatou Ouedraogo, Grace Kimemia and Kenneth Juma
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2023 20:181
  48. A community of practice (CoP) is defined as a group of people who share a concern, set of problems, or a passion about a topic, and who deepen their knowledge and expertise by interacting on an ongoing basis. ...

    Authors: Dan Kabonge Kaye, Simon Peter Kayondo, Stella Lovina Nabatanzi, Susan Nassuuna, Othiniel Musana, Imelda Namagembe, John Paul Nsanja, Othman Kakaire, Peter Ssebadduka and Cissy Ssekimpi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2023 20:180
  49. Adolescent girls and young women are more exposed to sexual violence. A significant proportion of victims of sexual abuse are victims of sexual re-victimization. However, information on the burden of sexual re...

    Authors: Fifiya Biluala, Harry César Kayembe, Doudou Batumbo, Germain Kapour, Félicitée Mumbanza, Eric Bokabo, Benjamin Longo-Mbenza and Berthe Zinga
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2023 20:179

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