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  1. In Papua New Guinea induced abortion is restricted under the Criminal Code Law. Unsafe abortions are known to be widely practiced and sepsis due to unsafe abortion is a leading cause of maternal mortality.

    Authors: Lisa M Vallely, Primrose Homiehombo, Angela Kelly-Hanku and Andrea Whittaker
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:22
  2. Antenatal Care (ANC) is one of the crucial factors in ensuring healthy outcomes in women and newborns. Nutrition education and counselling is an integral part of ANC that influences maternal and child health o...

    Authors: Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Niveditha Devasenapathy, Archna Singh, Anuraj Shankar and Sanjay Zodpey
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:20
  3. Pakistan observes a very high i.e. 37 percent modern contraceptive method related discontinuation rates within 12 months of their initiation. And almost 10 percent of these episodes of discontinuation happened...

    Authors: Syed Khurram Azmat, Waqas Hameed, Moazzam Ali, Muhammad Ishaque, Ghulam Mustafa, Omar Farooq Khan, Ghazunfer Abbas and Erik Munroe
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:9
  4. Unsafe abortion has been recognized as an important public health problem in the world. It accounts for 14% of all maternal deaths in sub-Saharan African countries. In Ethiopia, 32% of all maternal deaths are ...

    Authors: Ayele Geleto and Jote Markos
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:19
  5. There is limited understanding of health care providers’ attitudes towards HIV-infected individuals’ reproductive choices, as well as knowledge about safer conception. Our study objective was to explore provid...

    Authors: Paul Kawale, Deborah Mindry, Ann Phoya, Perry Jansen and Risa M Hoffman
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:17
  6. Young people aged 10–24 years represent one-third of the Ghanaian population. Many are sexually active and are at considerable risk of negative health outcomes due to inadequate sexual and reproductive health ...

    Authors: Abubakar A Manu, Chuks Jonathan Mba, Gloria Quansah Asare, Kwasi Odoi-Agyarko and Rexford Kofi Oduro Asante
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:16
  7. Zimbabwe adopted voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) as an additional HIV prevention strategy in 2009. A number of studies have been conducted to understand the determinants of VMMC uptake but few studi...

    Authors: Antony Chikutsa, Alfred C Ncube and Shepard Mutsau
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:15
  8. Findings on the demographic and sexual health characteristics associated with the experience of a crisis pregnancy are important to inform the public health policy of a country, including Ireland. Studies from...

    Authors: Ashling Bourke, Caroline Kelleher, Daniel Boduszek and Karen Morgan
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:14
  9. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health gained particular traction in Mozambique following the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development leading to the inception of Programa Geração Biz (PG...

    Authors: Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Susannah Gibbs, Rita Badiani, Fernandes Quinhas and Joar Svanemyr
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:12
  10. A recent survey of 79 countries showed that fertility knowledge was lower in Japan than in any other developed country. Given the fertility decline in Japan and the importance of fertility knowledge, we conduc...

    Authors: Eri Maeda, Hiroki Sugimori, Fumiaki Nakamura, Yasuki Kobayashi, Joseph Green, Machi Suka, Masako Okamoto, Jacky Boivin and Hidekazu Saito
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:10
  11. In February 2014, an international congress on Promoting Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH) took place in Cuenca, Ecuador. Its objective was to share evidence on effective ASRH intervention proje...

    Authors: Kathya Córdova Pozo, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Peter Decat, Erica Nelson, Sara De Meyer, Lina Jaruseviciene, Bernardo Vega, Zoyla Segura, Nancy Auquilla, Arnold Hagens, Dirk Van Braeckel and Kristien Michielsen
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:11
  12. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance (IR), metabolic syndrome (MetS), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Metabolic aspe...

    Authors: Avin S Jamil, Shahla K Alalaf, Namir G Al-Tawil and Talha Al-Shawaf
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:7
  13. Asymptomatic and symptomatic malaria during pregnancy has consequences for both mother and her offspring. Unfortunately, there is insufficient information on the safety and efficacy of most antimalarials in pr...

    Authors: Michael Nambozi, Modest Mulenga, Tinto Halidou, Harry Tagbor, Victor Mwapasa, Linda Kalilani Phiri, Gertrude Kalanda, Innocent Valea, Maminata Traore, David Mwakazanga, Yves Claeys, Céline Schurmans, Maaike De Crop, Joris Menten, Raffaella Ravinetto, Kamala Thriemer…
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:5
  14. More needs to be known about the role intra-familial power dynamics play in women’s reproductive health outcomes, particularly in societies like Northern India characterized by patriarchy and extended families...

    Authors: Ilene S Speizer, Peter Lance, Ravi Verma and Aimee Benson
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:4
  15. Birth defects (BD) constitute an important public health issue as they are the main cause of infant death. Their prevalence in Europe for 2008–2012 was 25.6 per 1000 newborns. To date, there are no population-...

    Authors: Vitaly A Postoev, Evert Nieboer, Andrej M Grjibovski and Jon Øyvind Odland
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:3
  16. A growing number of middle-income countries are scaling up youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health pilot projects to national level programmes. Yet, there are few case studies on successful national leve...

    Authors: Jari Kempers, Evert Ketting, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli and Triin Raudsepp
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:2
  17. In some developing countries a woman’s decision to utilize maternal health care services is not made by the woman herself but by other family members. The perception of family members regarding who is the most...

    Authors: Priti Upadhyay, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Amir Babu Shrestha and Neelam Pradhan
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:92
  18. The burden of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa is very high. In Ghana maternal mortality ratio was 380 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2013. Skilled birth attendance has been shown to reduce maternal...

    Authors: Evelyn Sakeah, Lois McCloskey, Judith Bernstein, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Samuel Mills and Henry V Doctor
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:90
  19. The State of the World’s Midwifery Report 2014: A universal pathway, a women’s right to health (SoWMy2014) was published in June 2014 and joins the ranks of a number of publications which contribute to the gro...

    Authors: Frances Day-Stirk, Frances McConville, James Campbell, Laura Laski, Maria Guerra-Arias, Petra ten Hoope-Bender, Michaela Michel-Schuldt and Luc de Bernis
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:89
  20. Young people particularly women are at increased risk of undesirable sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. Structural factors have been reported as driving some of these risks. Although several interv...

    Authors: Joyce Wamoyi, Gerry Mshana, Aika Mongi, Nyasule Neke, Saidi Kapiga and John Changalucha
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:88
  21. Major improvements to Rwanda’s health system, infrastructure, and social programs over the last decade have led to a rapid fertility transition unique from other African countries. The total fertility rate fel...

    Authors: Vedaste Ndahindwa, Collins Kamanzi, Muhammed Semakula, François Abalikumwe, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier and Dana R Thomson
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:87
  22. Sexual behaviour and sexual practices affect the risk for acquisition and transmission of HIV infection. This study tries to identify differences in sexual behaviour (condom use with non-marital partners, mult...

    Authors: Morenike O Folayan, Morolake Odetoyinbo, Brandon Brown and Abigail Harrison
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:83
  23. The world has made enormous progress in improving child survival since 1990, reducing the under-five mortality rate by nearly half from 90 to 46 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2013. Currently, the global unde...

    Authors: Tessa Wardlaw, Danzhen You, Lucia Hug, Agbessi Amouzou and Holly Newby
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:82
  24. Antiretroviral treatment restores physical functioning and may have an impact on fertility desires. Counseling is given to HIV positive women to create awareness and to provide information on pregnancy and del...

    Authors: Jane Kabami, Eleanor Turyakira, Sam Biraro and Francis Bajunirwe
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:81
  25. Group B streptococcus (GBS) has been implicated in adverse pregnancy outcomes. GBS recto-vaginal colonization rates significantly vary among different communities and geographic locations. Limited data is avai...

    Authors: Zufan Lakew Woldu, Tatek Gebreegziabher Teklehaimanot, Sisay Teklu Waji and Mahlet Yigeremu Gebremariam
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:80
  26. Preterm birth is the main cause of morbidity and mortality during the perinatal period. Classical risk factors are held responsible for only 1/3 of preterm births and no current intervention has produced an ap...

    Authors: Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Marco Antonio Barbieri, Viviane Cunha Cardoso, Claudia Maria Coelho Alves, Erika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Rejane Christine de Sousa Queiroz, Ricardo Carvalho Cavalli, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista and Heloísa Bettiol
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:79
  27. Administration of exogenous progesterone for luteal phase support has become a standard of practice. Intramuscular (IM) injections of progesterone in oil (PIO) and vaginal administration of progesterone are th...

    Authors: Angeline N Beltsos, Mark D Sanchez, Kevin J Doody, Mark R Bush, Alice D Domar and Michael G Collins
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:78
  28. Sexual and reproductive health communications are most likely promoting healthy sexual development and reduce sexual risks. Communication is the principal means for parents to transmit sexual values, beliefs, ...

    Authors: Mulatuwa Ayalew, Bezatu Mengistie and Agumasie Semahegn
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:77
  29. Over the years, IVF/ICSI protocols have continued to evolve with efforts to improve outcomes. As a result, treatment success may be related to certain procedural factors, including number of embryos transferre...

    Authors: Alexa A Nardelli, Tania Stafinski, Tarek Motan, Kristin Klein and Devidas Menon
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:76
  30. Virtually all the evidence on the relationship between women’s empowerment and use of contraception comes from cross-sectional studies that have emphasized macrosocial factors.

    Authors: Federico R León, Rebecka Lundgren, Irit Sinai, Ragini Sinha and Victoria Jennings
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:74
  31. The preconception window has been recognized as one of the earliest sensitive windows of human development, and interventions that focus on this period have the potential to affect not only pregnancy but long ...

    Authors: Sunni L Mumford, Kara A Michels, Natasha Salaria, Pilar Valanzasca and José M Belizán
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:73
  32. There is a growing evidence base for preconception care - – the provision of biomedical, behavioral and social interventions to women and couples before conception occurs. Firstly, there is evidence that health p...

    Authors: Elizabeth Mason, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Valentina Baltag, Charlotte Christiansen, Zohra S Lassi and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S8

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  33. The notion of preconception care aims to target the existing risks before pregnancy, whereby resources may be used to improve reproductive health and optimize knowledge before conceiving. The preconception per...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Sohni V Dean, Dania Mallick and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S7

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  34. As providing health education, optimizing nutrition, and managing risk factors can be effective for ensuring a healthy outcome for women and her yet un-conceived baby, external influences play a significant ro...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam, Sohni V Dean and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S6

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  35. A large proportion of women around the world suffer from chronic diseases including mental health diseases. In the United States alone, over 12% of women of reproductive age suffer from a chronic medical condi...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam, Sohni V Dean and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  36. Infections can impact the reproductive health of women and hence may influence pregnancy related outcomes for both the mother and the child. These infections range from sexually transmitted infections (STIs) t...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam, Sohni V Dean and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  37. There is increasingly a double burden of under-nutrition and obesity in women of reproductive age. Preconception underweight or overweight, short stature and micronutrient deficiencies all contribute to excess...

    Authors: Sohni V Dean, Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  38. Preconception care recognizes that many adolescent girls and young women will be thrust into motherhood without the knowledge, skills or support they need. Sixty million adolescents give birth each year worldw...

    Authors: Sohni V Dean, Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S2

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  39. Preconception care includes any intervention to optimize a woman’s health before pregnancy with the aim to improve maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) outcomes. Preconception care bridges the gap in the ...

    Authors: Sohni V Dean, Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11(Suppl 3):S1

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  40. In Argentina, abortion has been decriminalized under certain circumstances since the enactment of the Penal Code in 1922. Nevertheless, access to abortion under this regulatory framework has been extremely lim...

    Authors: Silvina Ramos, Mariana Romero and Agustina Ramón Michel
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:72

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